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Attribution Theory

Attribution Theory

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Attribution Theory

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  1. Attribution Theory Wiener’s Belief Systems

  2. Attribution Theory • Cognitive View of Motivation • Problems arise from faulty thinking • Beliefs, perceptions, interpretations • “Everybody hates me!” • “He did it on purpose!” • I’m just not good at_________” • Intervention corrects faulty thinking • Propose alternative thinking processes • We all become what we believe we are

  3. Attribution Theory • Attributions • Causal explanations for our successes & failures • Student excuses • Examples:??????????????? • I’m the dumb one in my family • I had computer problems • I’m just not good at art • Just got too busy with other work • My partner was supposed to finish the project

  4. Attribution Theory • Weiner’s research • Thousands of student excuses collected • Sorted according to like characteristics • Elements of Attributions • Locus • Internal* to the speaker • Genetics, emotional, judgment, etc • External* to the speaker • Society, family, luck, etc.

  5. Attribution Theory • Elements of Attributions – cont. • Stability • Unstable, changeable* • Temporary state • Stable, unchangeable* • Enduring Trait • Responsibility • Controllable* • Personally accountable • Uncontrollable* • Blaming other people, things, luck, etc.

  6. Attribution Theory • What is the belief system for these: • I’m the dumb one in my family • I had computer problems • I’m just not good at _________ • My parent weren’t very good at_______either • Just got too busy with other work • My partner was supposed to finish the project • I forgot my homework • I was sick the day of the test • The teacher hates girls • Terrible teacher • I have no interest in _________.

  7. Attribution Theory • Common Belief Systems • Learned helplessness • Graveyard spiral • No expectation for success • Internal/external-unchangeable-uncontrollable • Productive students • Stairway to Heaven • Will work until they achieve • Internal – changeable – controllable