Diversification and multifunctionality in Italy and the Netherlands:a comparative analysis LauraAgugliaINEA, Italy, Roberto HenkeINEA, Italy Krijn Poppe, LEI Wageningen UR, The Netherlands Aide RoestLEI Wageningen UR, The Netherlands Cristina SalvioniUniversity of Pescara, Italy
Farms are increasingly complex • the product mix of farms is increasingly complex • agricultural commodities, • non agricultural commodities (energy) and services (educational, social, etc.) • non-commodity outputs (e.g. landscape, biodiversity conservation; • farm resources are progressively deployed to non ag. and to off farm activities • pluriactivity • use land used for the production of wind or solar energy or for storage.
The farm problem price cost squeeze induced by technological change and small size/lack of bargaining power both respect to clients and providers. farm incomes continuously eroded lag behind average incomes.
Post-productivism and rural development poverty Rural space consumption
Post-productivism, multifunctionality and rural development MULTI FUNCTIONALITY poverty Rural space consumption
An operational classificationVan der Ploeg, 2003 • Agricultural goods with unconventional characteristics (organic, quality, etc.), • Acquisition of functions down the line from production (direct sales, processing, etc.). Expansion of income-producing activities, some of which can be completely independent of agricultural production(agriturism, energy production, ecc.) re-deploy farm resources, labour in particular, off the farm(pluriactivity)
The Netherlands Field of observation= commercial farms (>10 ESU) More information on broadening than deepening More information about the household Italy Field of observation= commercial farms (>4 ESU) More suited to measure deepening than broadening Off farm activity only for those hh. members working on farm Multifunctionaliy and diversification in the FADN
Diversification and multifunctionality Italy and the Netherland D D B B
OK with counting diversified farms ... … but we also want to know if diversification is worthful to the farm
Conclusions FADN is the only data base • systematically gathered at the national level in all Member States • Containing bothstructural and economic info The original design of the FADN survey has a productivist orientation • it needs to evolve to include new non-productivist aspects of farms’ activities. Comparison between countries hampered by the differences in national FADNs. • harmonisation, possibly directed by DG Agri, would help and is needed. What can be measured by using FADN data is diversification at the farm level. • this information can then be complemented with external sources in view to define multifunctionality at the territorial level.