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Archaeology

Archaeology

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Archaeology

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  1. Archaeology Riddles in the Dirt

  2. Archaeology Αρχαιολογιας– Ancient Discourse The science\art concerned with the material remains of man’s past Firstly directed to Biblical Discoveries Covers both the Magnificent and the Mundane

  3. Ancient Eras

  4. Beginnings • Napoleon in Egypt – 1798 – Rosetta Stone, &c. • Excavations in Mesopotamia, Paul-Emile Botta, 1842 • Excavations of Troy by Heinrich Schliemann, 1870

  5. Levant (cont.) John Garstang (1876-96) Kathleen Kenyon (1906-1978) William Foxwell Albright (1891-1971)

  6. Archaeology in the Levant • Edward Robinson, 1838, 1852 His work led to further discoveries - • Moabite Stone, 1868 • Siloam Inscription, 1880 • Sir Flinders Petrie, Tell el-Ḥesi, 1890

  7. Dating Methods Stratigraphy Pottery Numismatics Paleography

  8. Stratigraphy: Mound Cross Section

  9. Pottery Dating • Material • Manufacturing Technique • Shape • Decorations

  10. Numismatics • Material • Image • Writing Samaria, 4th cent. B.C.E. Silver0.74g. 8-9mm. Helmeted head of Athena Owl standing and facing with open wings; Aramaic letters "SN" in fields. $500.00. John Hyrcanus I, 134-104 B.C.E.Bronze. 15mm. Hebrew inscription, "Yehohanan the High Priest and Council of the Jews," within wreath. Rv. Double cornucopia with fillets; pomegranate in center. $200.00. http://www.usask.ca/antiquities/coins/greek_coins.html#Minting

  11. Paleography Material Handwriting Style

  12. Early Genesis Enuma Elish – Babylonian Creation Account Gilgamesh Epic – Babylonian Flood Account

  13. Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III • Tribute of Jehu, son of Omri. I received from him: silver, gold, a golden bowl, a golden beaker, golden goblets, pitchers of gold, lead, staves for the hand of the king, javelins. http://www.kchanson.com/ANCDOCS/meso/obelisk.html

  14. Tel Dan – Bet David Inscription Stone inscription that contains the phrase “House of David” http://www.kchanson.com/ANCDOCS/westsem/teldan.html

  15. Mesha Stele aka Moabite Stone "I am Mesha, son of Chemosh, king of Moab... My father was king of Moab for thirty years and I became king after my father: and I built this sanctuary to Chemosh in Qerihoh, a sanctuary of refuge: for he saved me from all my oppressors and gave me dominion over all my enemies. Omri was king of Israel and oppressed Moab many days, for Chemosh was angry with his land. And his son succeeded him and he also said I will oppress Moab. In my days he said this, but I got the upper hand of him and his house: and Israel perished for ever.... I have had the ditches of Qerihoh dug by Israelite prisoners..."

  16. Cyrus Cylinder Confirms the account in Ezra of Cyrus returning the Jews to Judea http://www.kchanson.com/ANCDOCS/meso/cyrus.html

  17. Persepolis - Apadana of Darius (ca. 520 B.C.) Stairway to the Palace depicts many foreign peoples in their traditional clothes and implements http://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/PA/IRAN/n15265_4.html

  18. Joash Inscription Matches the account in 2 Kings 12 http://www.orientalisti.net/ioash.htm

  19. Qumran Manuscripts Ante-dates Hebrew manuscripts by 1,000 years Important to historical and linguistic studies http://www.ibiblio.org/expo/deadsea.scrolls.exhibit/Library/psalms.html

  20. James Ossuary James, son of Joseph, brother of Jesus “The James ossuary may be the earliest tangible evidence of Jesus of Nazareth, who until this point we knew only through literary texts.” Royal Ontario Museum http://www.rom.on.ca/ossuary/ossuary_intro.html