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Farzia Hausil NIMOS Legal Advisor

Farzia Hausil NIMOS Legal Advisor

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Farzia Hausil NIMOS Legal Advisor

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  1. Farzia HausilNIMOSLegal Advisor Sustainable Development Policy in Suriname

  2. Table of content • Kyoto Protocol and SD • General SD Criteria. • Suriname: • Constitution • Government Policy (Regeringsverklaring, MOP, beleidsnota ATM) • Belize SD criteria • Brazil SD criteria • EIA Suriname • Conclusion

  3. Kyoto Protocol and SD • Article 12 Kyoto Protocol: The purpose of the clean development mechanism shall be to assist Parties not included in Annex I in achieving sustainable development and in contributing to the ultimate objective of the Convention, and to assist Parties included in Annex I in achieving compliance with their quantified emission limitation and reduction commitments under Article 3. • CDM strives to promote sustainable development in developing countries • CDM integrates CC and SD.

  4. Kyoto Protocol and SD • Proposed CDM project activity must be approved by host country • Procedural requirements: the project’s conformity to the national sustainable development criteria. • Three dimensions: economic, environment and social dimension

  5. General SD Criteria.

  6. Constitution Suriname • Article 6g: protection of nature and ecological balance. • Investment in compliance with national development goals, interest of all, openbare orde, health etc.

  7. SD Policy in Suriname • Government Policy (Regeringsverklaring 2005-2010): • Basic document for policy for 5 years • Key elements of policy: • Good governance • Education • Health • Labour • Production • Environment • Energy

  8. SD Policy in Suriname • Pillars: economic -, social development and a just distribution of wealth • Policy priorities: • Guarantee minimal social security • Make accessible social securities • An equitable distribution of income • Public participation • Sustainable exploitation production sectors

  9. SD Policy in Suriname • Policy document Ministry ATM: • Mission: Sustainable development through • increase job opportunities • Use environmental friendly technologies • Protection environment Policy priorities: • Human resource • Protection and management of environment

  10. Belize Sustainable Development Criteria Environmental • Project should be compatible with and supportive of national environment and development priorities, they must abide by existing legal requirements (laws, regulations, permits). • Promote Sustainable use of Natural Resource such as: • Biodiversity conservation • Reforestation and forest conservation (maintenance or increase of population of local plant species) • Sustainable Land Use • Watershed Protection

  11. Belize Sustainable Development Criteria Social • Community participation should be encouraged. • Projects must improve quality of life with regards to social variables such as: health, education, housing, employment. • All efforts should be made to sustain local cultures. Economic • Overall positive impact on the national economy • Generation of new investments • Effective transfer of technology/best practices; (indicators include efficient technology in the use of technology with minimum negative impact on the environment than the ones used traditionally)

  12. Brazil Sustainable Development Criteria • Contribution to local environmental sustainability: Assess mitigation local environmental impacts caused by the project • Contribution improvement labor conditions and job creation (assess social and labor responsibilities) • Contribution to distribution of income: assess direct and indirect effects on quality of life of low-income populations • contribution to training and technological development (assess degree of technological innovation) • Contribution to regional integration and linkages with other sectors (integration with other socio-economic activities in regional)

  13. EIA in Suriname • NIMOS has adapted existing screening methods and procedures from international agencies. • Description most important characteristics and quality of environment in the area; • Description most relevant positive and negative impacts on biophysical and socio-economic components of environment • checklist for screening: • Environment • Will use of water affect the availability of existing local supplies?

  14. EIA in Suriname • b. Will the project cause disturbance or loss of important land uses? • Social and health: • a. Will the project affect the labour or property market in the area? • b. Will project significantly affect health conditions • Economic: • Will the project provide facilities, which could stimulate further development (industrial development)

  15. Conclusion • No internationally set standard what SD in a CDM project constitute • SD criteria selection and assessment of SD impacts on CDM projects: left to host country as a sovereign matter. • All countries have different challenges, priorities, objectives and will have different dimensions of SD

  16. Conclusion • The SD assessment of CDM projects is opportunity for Suriname to evaluate key linkages between national development goals and potential CDM projects • Aim: to select and design projects in a way, where they create, exploit and maximize local development synergies.

  17. Thank you • Questions?