Biodiversity Conservation Standards Silvio Olivieri IUCNThe World Conservation Union
Background • IUCN has worked on the development of several standards for use within the conservation field, most notably: • The IUCN Management Categories for Protected Areas • The IUCN Red List of Endangered Species Categories
It is also at the center of several Global information systems concerning biodiversity conservation: • Red List / SIS (Species Information Service) • WDPA, the World Database on Protected Areas • ECOLEX, Database of legal resources on environment and conservation
It is also supporting several collaboration portals for different communities: • WCLN, World Conservation Learning Network • PALNet, Protected Areas Learning Network • IUCN members have developed similar systems at global, regional or national scales
The Issue… • These systems have their own constituency, practices, and organizational arrangements with different levels of success • But: They do not talk to each other • Limited capacity for easily performing higher level analysis & modeling
Development and use of structured data standards in the field of Biodiversity Conservation are an important element for leveraging present systems • As a union, IUCN is in the best position to facilitate the process of developing and adopting these standards in practice
Who is the IUCN? • The World Conservation Union is the world’s largest and most important conservation network. • Founded in 1948, it is a unique combination of governmental and NGO members with UN General Assembly Observer Status • The Union brings together 82 States, 111 government agencies, more than 800 non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and some 10,000 scientists and experts from 181 countries in a unique worldwide partnership.
The Union’s mission is to influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable. • The World Conservation Union is a multicultural, multilingual organization with 1000 staff located in 62 countries. • Its headquarters are in Gland, Switzerland.
The IUCN Commissions Over 10,000 volunteers, specialists from over 180 countries organized around 6 IUCN Commissions… Commission on Environmental, Economic and Social Policy
Conservation Commons • Promote conscious, effective, and equitable sharing of knowledge resources to advance conservation • Set of principles for responsible sharing of data, information and knowledge
ECOLEX is an information service on environmental law, operated jointly by FAO, IUCN and UNEP. • Over 100,000 legal references on treaties, national legislation, soft law and other non-binding policy documents, judicial decisions, and law and policy literature.
PALNet • An on-line Collaboration Portal for all stakeholders working on Protected Areas • Exchange of data and information on Documents, Experts, Projects, Organizations • User driven • Linked to the WDPA
Structured Information WDPA State of Biodiversity Conservation Portal NASA PA Archive SIS ICE Species in PAs ECOLEX GBIF
PALNet State of Biodiversity Conservation Portal IUCN Publications ECOLEX NGOs Others… Un-structured Information
The IUCN – OASIS Partnership In June 2006, IUCN and OASIS agreed on establishing an OASIS Section on Biodiversity Conservation Standards
About OASIS • OASIS is a member-led, international non-profit standards consortium focused on global e-business. • OASIS drives the development, convergence and adoption of e-business standards. • OASIS was founded in 1993, and has more than 5,000 participants representing over 600 organizations and individual members in 100 countries.
About OASIS Standards • There are over 60 OASIS Technical Committees producing royalty-free and RAND standards. • The open OASIS technical process is expressly designed to promote consensus and unite disparate efforts. • OASIS cooperates with over 50 other standards and industry organizations to reduce duplication and promote interoperability for OASIS Standards
Application Vulnerability Description Language (AVDL) v1.0 Business Centric Methodology (BCM) v1.0 Common Alerting Protocol v1.0 Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) v1.1 Darwin Information Typing Architecture (DITA) v1.0 Directory Services Markup Language (DSML) v2.0 DocBook v4.1 DocBook v4.5 ebXML Collaborative Partner Profile Agreement (CPPA) v2 ebXML Message Service Specification v2.0 ebXML Registry Information Model (RIM) v2.0 ebXML Registry Information Model (RIM) v3.0 ebXML Registry Services Specification (RS) v2.0 ebXML Registry Services Specification (RS) v3.0 Emergency Data Exchange Language (EDXL) Distribution Element v1.0 Election Markup Language (EML) v4.0 Extensible Access Control Markup Language (XACML) v1.0 eXtensible Access Control Markup Language TC v2.0 (XACML) OpenDocument Format for Office Applications (OpenDocument) v1.0 Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML) v1.0 Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML) v1.1 Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML) V2.0 Reference Model for Service Oriented Architecture v1.0 Service Provisioning Markup Language (SPML) v1.0 Service Provisioning Markup Language (SPML) v2.0 Universal Description, Discovery and Integration (UDDI) v2.0 Universal Description, Discovery and Integration (UDDI) v3.0.2 Universal Business Language (UBL) v1.0 Universal Business Language Naming & Design Rules v1.0 (UBL NDR) Web Services Notification (WSN) v1.3 WS-Reliability (WS-R) v1.1 Web Services Resource Framework (WSRF) v1.2 Web Services for Remote Portlets (WSRP) v1.0 Web Services Security v1.0 (WS-Security 2004) Web Services Security v1.1 Web Services Security SAML Token Profile v 1.0 and REL Token Profile v1.0 Web Services Distributed Management (WSDM) v1.1 WSDM Management Using Web Services v1.0 (WSDM-MUWS) WSDM Management Using Web Services v1.0 (WSDM-MOWS) XML Catalogs v1.1 XML Common Biometric Format (XCBF) v1.1 OASIS Standards
The Biodiversity Conservation Standards Section • OASIS currently has 6 member sections • Each member section is a community of interest around a family of standards • The Section defines priorities and establishes one or more technical committees to focus on the development of specific standards
The Biodiversity Conservation Standards Section • Biodiversity Conservation Standards aim to revolutionize the way conservation information is created, integrated and disseminated by addressing the challenges of establishing global interoperable biodiversity standards that take into account and harmonize existing efforts.
Potential Partners • The Conservation Community. Organizations whose primary mission is to promote and educate the public about nature, biodiversity and conservation. • The Scientific Community. Research centers and consortia that are generating primary data, developing and maintaining biodiversity databases and information exchange taxonomies. • Governmental & Inter-Governmental Agencies. Public agencies responsible for the development and implementation of conservation-related policies and decisions. • The Private Sector. Companies that have adopted explicit policies to reduce the impact to biodiversity within their operations, and who wish to improve their impact on the environment.
Why OASIS? • They have a proven approach to help reach broad consensus on standards • Their outreach to the broader information community will accelerate adoption of the biodiversity conservation standards • It works on Open standards
Challenges • Present IUCN standards are still changing. Much of the difficulty will not be the data standard itself, but reaching agreement on the standard contents • The conservation focus means that the stakeholders are a high diversity, from private to science sectors with different needs, inputs and oppinions
Time line… • June 2006: signing of the IUCN – OASIS MoU • June – December: initial integration of the OASIS – IUCN Biodiversity Conservation Section • 1st quarter 2007: Section meeting to establish governance, work plan, priorities • 2007: Establishment of Technical Committees
Priority Focus Areas • Species Conservation • Red List categories • Associated authority files • Protected Areas • Management Categories • management effectiveness • Conservation Priority Sites Description • XML tagging of Conservation Documents (XML DTD, …)
Participation in the Biodiversity Conservation Section • Every organization interested in the section’s work is welcomed • Governance of the section is definde by its members
Thanks Please get involved! Silvio Olivieri firstname.lastname@example.org