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Gram tica Espa ola

Gender. Gender: Word ending . ma l o n e r s d i

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Gram tica Espa ola

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    1. Gramtica Espaola

    3. Gender: Word ending ma l o n e r s d in z a

    10. When used together, the Indirect Object Pronoun always comes before the Direct Object Pronoun: Me la puedes traer? Se replaces le and les before the Direct Object Pronoun lo, la, los and las: Se lo di al director.

    11. Reflexives pronouns indicate that the subject both performs and receives the action of the verb: Carlos se levant temprano Reflexive pronouns are used with some verbs to indicate inner processes or emotional reaction: Amanda se enoj cuando oy las noticias The reflexive object pronoun nos, os and se can be used to express reciprocal actions: l y su abuelo se abrazaron

    12. Combined with an Indirect Object pronoun and a Verb to express an unintentional event: Se me olvid el libro. Se also can be used to express an indefinite subject: Se habla Espaol. Se also can be used to express passive voice: Se construyeron muchas casas.

    13. The neuter relative pronoun lo que can be translated as What, Whatever, or Which: Eso es lo que dijo Susana

    15. Inequality: use the same structure with adjectives, adverbs, or nouns. Equality: tan is used with adjectives and adverbs and tanto/a/os/as with nouns.

    17. tan + adjective or adverb + como tanto/a/os/as + noun + como

    18. Are words that describe nouns. The adjectives must agree in gender (masc. or fem.) and number (sing.or pl.) with the noun it modifies. Adjectives that end in - e or in consonant only agree in number. Descriptive adjectives are usually placed after the noun they modify.

    20. Are used to point things out with their relationship to the speaker. Near middle or far from you. They correspond to the English demonstratives adjectives this, that, these and those

    22. Near from you

    23. Middle range from you

    24. Far from you

    36. Copyright Notice This material is free for Individual use only. Reproduction for other purposes is prohibited without written permission from: www.lacany.org/ila/spa1 cossa@buffalo.k12.ny.us spanishworld@hotmail.com Carlos M. Ossa 1997-2002

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