Kidney Health Kidney Check - Manitoba
What are the Kidneys? There are 2 kidneys one on either side of the spine The kidneys are just below the ribs The kidneys are shaped like kidney beans Each kidney is about the size of your clenched fist
What do the Kidneys do? Remove extra water Clean blood Help build red blood cells Keep your body chemicals in balance Control blood pressure
Kidney Function • Kidneys often lose function over time. Symptoms may not be noticed until kidneys are at 10-15% function. 5
What happens when kidneys aren’t working well? • Water builds up in the body • Symptoms: • Harder to breathe • Heart beats faster • Blood pressure goes up • Swelling • Weight gain
What happens when kidneys aren’t working well? • Wastes build up in the blood • Symptoms: • Tired • Weak • Nauseated • Forgetful • Itchiness • Problems sleeping • Loss of appetite
What happens when kidneys aren’t working well? • High Blood Pressure • Symptoms: • Severe headache • Fatigue or confusion • Vision problems • Chest pain • Difficulty breathing • Irregular heartbeat
What happens when kidneys aren’t working well? • Not Making Enough Red • Blood Cells • Symptoms: • Tired • Low Energy
What happens when kidneys aren’t working well? • Mineral Imbalance • Problem: • Heart Problems • Weak bones • Joint pain and swelling
Chronic Kidney Disease Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a when you have a loss of kidney function or kidney damage, for 3 months or more That’s why it is important to get checked every year! • SILENT & PAINLESS • Usually no symptoms until 80% of kidney function is gone.
Urine & Blood Tests • Your family doctor can check your kidneys with routine blood and urine tests. 13
Leading causes of CKD in Canada High Blood Pressure Diabetes/High Blood Sugar
Other causes of CKD • Heart Disease • Family History of Kidney Disease • Known Kidney Disorders or Disease • Urinary Tract Disorders • Auto immune Disease (for example: Lupus) But.. everyone should get checked every year during their yearly check up.
Diabetes & Kidney Disease • It is important to keep blood sugars in the normal range to help prevent: • Heart disease • Nerve damage • Eye disease • Kidney damage • Keep track of your blood sugars – are they where they should be?
Diabetes & Kidney Disease • High blood sugar can damage your blood vessels in your kidneys • This can cause some waste and fluids build up in your blood instead of leaving your body
Blood Pressure and Kidney Disease Treat high blood pressure to minimize Heart attacks Strokes Kidney damage Over time high blood pressure can damagethe lining of the blood vessels causingless blood flow to the filters and blood vessels of the kidney
Salt or sodium builds up in the body then the body holds onto fluid (edema/swelling) Blood pressure goes up Salt/Sodium & Blood Pressure Extra fluid building up in your body puts STRAIN on your heart
Blood Pressure Control LIMIT SODIUM USE! Limit sodium intake to less than 2300 mg daily 1 tsp of table salt = 2300 mg
Sodium / Salt Processed foods have more salt:
Take Home Message Know if you are at risk See your doctor for routine check ups Get checked by the Kidney Check team