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EUROPEAN SETTLEMENT OF NORTH AMERICA PowerPoint Presentation
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EUROPEAN SETTLEMENT OF NORTH AMERICA

EUROPEAN SETTLEMENT OF NORTH AMERICA

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EUROPEAN SETTLEMENT OF NORTH AMERICA

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  1. EUROPEAN SETTLEMENT OF NORTH AMERICA

  2. WHAT IS HISTORY?? • Prologue, After the Fact • Point of View (ATF 1)

  3. Guiding Question 1 Why did people settle in the British North American colonies? Did people come for primarily economic concerns or for religious/idealistic motivations?

  4. Guiding Question 2 Why and How did the British North American colonies develop into distinctively different societies and economies? Regions: (1) the Chesapeake and Lower South, (2) New England, (3) Mid-Atlantic.

  5. American Colonies at the End of the Seventeenth Century

  6. VIRGINIACHESAPEAKE

  7. Virginia Company, Charter, 1606

  8. Chesapeake Bay & Jamestown

  9. Virginia Company Jamestown John Smith John Rolfe Tobacco “starving time” House of Burgesses indentured servants headright system Settlement of Virginia Jamestown Settlement (Computer Generated)

  10. Early Colonial Tobacco 1618 — Virginia produces 20,000 pounds of tobacco. 1622— Despite losing nearly one-third of its colonists in an Indian attack, Virginia produces 60,000 pounds of tobacco. 1627 — Virginia produces 500,000 pounds of tobacco. 1629— Virginia produces 1,500,000 pounds of tobacco.

  11. Tobacco Prices1618-1710

  12. Life in Early Virginia, 1620-1670s • “plantations” • society • economy • quality of life • religion? River Plantations in Virginia, c. 1640

  13. 17th Century Populationin the Chesapeake

  14. Social Unrest in the Chesapeake • Bacon’s rebellion – causes • Backcountry settlement and Protection • Power of “eastern” elites and Taxation • significance Bacon’s rebellion in Virginia, 1676

  15. Significance of Bacon’s Rebellion • First large rebellion in colonies (political & social) • Social/political conflict: “eastern” elitesvs. backcountry • Catalyst in transition from indentured servitude to slavery

  16. Reasons for Slavery • Decrease in indentured servants • English economy • Increase in availability of slaves • end of Royal African company monopoly • Decrease in price • Fears of growing number of landless freemen • Available supply from Caribbean

  17. Population of Chesapeake Colonies: 1610-1750

  18. The Atlantic Slave Trade “middle passage”

  19. Slave Colonies of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

  20. Slavery Africans as a Percentage of Total Population of the British Colonies, 1650–1770 • Where was slavery legal? In which colonies did it exist?

  21. The Chesapeake Colonies in the Seventeenth Century

  22. Deep South The West Indies and Carolina in the Seventeenth Century • Carolina (1682) • Georgia (1738) • rice • indigo Rice Indigo

  23. Spread of Settlement: British Colonies, 1650–1700

  24. NEW ENGLAND

  25. American Colonies at the End of the Seventeenth Century

  26. English Migration, 1610-1660

  27. Plymouth • Separatists • “Pilgrims” • Plymouth • Mayflower Compact Mayflower II

  28. Massachusetts Bay • Puritans • Great Migration • “City upon a hill”

  29. New England • towns • town meetings • church • Education • “Old Satan Deluder” Act (1647) • Harvard College (1636) • merchants Land Division in Sudbury, MA: 1639-1656

  30. Population of the New England Colonies

  31. Puritan “Rebels” Roger Williams Anne Hutchinson

  32. New England Colonies, 1650

  33. King Philip’s War, 1675 – 1676)

  34. MIDDLE COLONIES

  35. Colonies in Eastern North America1650

  36. New York • New Netherland (1613) – Who? Why? • Patroonships >>> • New York (1664) • society • economy

  37. Pennsylvania • William Penn • Quakers • society • economy • Indian relations Royal Land Grant to Penn

  38. Middle Colonies, 1685

  39. Area of English settlement by 1700

  40. American Colonies at the End of the Seventeenth Century

  41. Britain's American Empire, 1713