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Human Rights in Belize

Human Rights in Belize. Joseph Cooch Jessica Kokesh Michelle Haitt Kaiti Strayer. Resource. Freedom House Political Rights Score - 1 Civil Liberities Score - 2 United States Department of State 2008 Country Report on Human Rights Practices. Country Report :

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Human Rights in Belize

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  1. Human Rights in Belize Joseph Cooch Jessica Kokesh Michelle Haitt KaitiStrayer

  2. Resource • Freedom House • Political Rights Score - 1 • Civil Liberities Score - 2 • United States Department of State • 2008 Country Report on Human Rights Practices Country Report: http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2008/wha/119148.htm Universal Declaration of Human Rights: http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/ Freedom House: http://www.freedomhouse.org/template.cfm?page=22&year=2009&country=7567

  3. Section 1 Respect for the Integrity of the Person • C.Torture and other cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment • Police violence and abuse • Prison and detention center conditions • International standards not met • E. Denial of Fair Public Trail • Trail Procedures

  4. Section 2: Respect for Civil Liberties • Freedom of Speech and Press • Internet Freedom • 11 Internet users per 100 inhabitants • Academic Freedom and Cultural Events • Freedom of Peaceful Assembly and Association • Freedom of Religion • Societal Abuses and Discrimination • Freedom of Movement, Internally Displaced Persons, Protection of Refugees, and Stateless Persons • Protection of Refugees

  5. Section 3: Respect for Political Rights • Elections and Political Participation • 31-seat House of Representatives • Governmental Corruption and Transparency • Former prime minister Said Musa • Annual financial statements

  6. Gender equality • Although the law mandates equal pay for equal work, women tend to earn less than men. The median monthly income for a working woman was $710 BLZ ($355), compared with $751 BLZ ($374.50) for a man, based on the 2007 Belize Labor Force Survey. • The Women's Department under the Ministry of Human Development, Women and Children, and Civil Society is responsible for developing programs to improve the status of women.

  7. Persons with Disabilities • Although the law does not expressly prohibit discrimination against persons with physical and mental disabilities, the constitution provides for the protection of all citizens from any type of discrimination. • The law does not provide for accessibility for persons with disabilities. • Two schools--the Cayo Deaf Institute in Central Farm and the Stella Maris School for disabled children in Belize City--and four special education centers (located in Corozal, Punta Gorda, Orange Walk, and Dangriga) for children with disabilities. • The Ministry of Education maintained an educational unit offering limited special education programs within the regular school system. • Private companies such as the Parents Association for Children with Special Needs and the Belize Council for the Visually Impaired, provided services to persons with disabilities.

  8. Worker Rights • Right of Association: free to join trade unions • Right to Organize and Bargain Collectively • Prohibition of Forced Labor • Minimum wage varies for various sectors. Agriculture: $1.25, Manual/domestic workers: $1.50

  9. Child Labor • Children cannot be employed under the age of 12 and 14 before the end of school hours • Children limited to working 45 hours a week • Working children a problem in family-related businesses in rural areas • 2003 study: 6 percent of children between the ages of five and 17 were working, with 69 percent engaged in hazardous work.

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