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Experience Nonfiction Writing

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  1. Experience Nonfiction Writing Cindy Matthews

  2. Why focus on non-fiction writing? ‘With the exception of attendance, opportunities to develop skills and abilities in non-fiction writing is the “number one factor” associated with improved test scores.’ (Reeves, 2002 in LNS monograph, March 2008)

  3. Impact of a whole-school focus on non-fiction writing • improves achievement in ALL subjects • improves performance on writing tests, extended response items & multiple choice tests • engages students in higher level thinking, reasoning and analysis Reeves, p. 84

  4. Writing is Thinking Made Visible clarifying inventing justifying refining proposing recalling summarizing inquiring deciding solving elaborating considering persuading arguing sequencing investigating planning reflecting challenging proving revising (adding, changing, deleting)

  5. Nonfiction Writing forms In small groups, use the “blocks” to cue your thinking, and generate a list of forms of nonfiction writing.

  6. Example: A-B -announcement -apology -brochure -biography

  7. Non-Fiction Writing Forms • Personal/Recount • Procedural/Sequential • Descriptive • Informational/Report • Persuasive/Expository • Comparative/Explanation

  8. Authentic and effective writing has a clear purpose, and there are many purposes for writing. Non-fiction writing delivers its purpose through many text forms.

  9. Purpose Audience Writing Form Medium

  10. Purpose: Explain the experiment for others to follow the instructions. Audience: other students of your grade, the teacher Writing Form: Procedure Medium: poster or written page

  11. Purpose: Argue the benefits of daily exercise. Audience: your peers, particularly those who don’t exercise Writing Form: Persuasive Exposition Medium: magazine article

  12. Purpose: Tell about our school’s experience watching the inauguration speech together. Audience: your parents, Writing Form: Recount Medium: letter

  13. Creating opportunities for Nonfiction writing in the library What activities in the library could provide opportunities for students to apply their non-fiction writing skills?

  14. Keyword Development: Word Frames Write a word in the centre. Definition Opposite (&cross it out!) Picture Silly sentence (to remember it!)

  15. Opinion Development: Put Yourself on the Line

  16. Opinion Development: 4 Corners Humans are the most important species on earth. Our rights are the most important.

  17. The government is considering selling a portion of Algonquin Park to a lumber company. The lumber company is planning to clear cut the area. David Suzuki has hired your environmental firm to produce a presentation arguing against their plan. (Gr. 4 Habitats / Gr. 7 Ecosystems)

  18. Placemat

  19. Supporting Nonfiction Writing

  20. Critical Literacy

  21. Five Core Concepts • 1. All media messages are constructed. • 2. Media messages are constructed using a creative language with its own rules. • 3. Different people experience the same messages differently. • 4. Media have embedded values and points of view. • 5. Media messages are constructed to gain profit and/or power.

  22. Five Key Questions 1. Who created this message? 2. What techniques are used to attract my attention? 3. How might different people understand this message differently from me? 4. What lifestyles, values, and points of view are represented in or omitted from this message? 5. Why was this message sent? (Source: Center for Media Literacy (CML))

  23. Media Literacy

  24. Visual Literacy • T -chart • web • series/time line • Venn • tree chart • mind map- flow chart • fishbone

  25. Explicit Teaching for Writing Independence

  26. from Flickr Creative Commons

  27. from Flickr Creative Commons

  28. Research Literacy

  29. Reading Confidence Perseverance Small motor skills Writing Literacy Research Self Reflection Affective Hand eye coordination Physical How to Learn Technological Metacognitive Communication Thinking Synthesis Searching Analysis Making Connections The Complexity of Research

  30. Article Reading

  31. Composition: So You Think You Can Write! thesis /opening position arguments facts / logic research reiterate position

  32. Report Writing using digital images Comic Life plasq.com

  33. Report Writing using Blogs

  34. Making Feedback Visible There Here

  35. Making Feedback Visible: Science Report Here There

  36. Making Feedback Visible: Science Report Here There

  37. Maria Carty, Pembroke, 2007

  38. MOE resources

  39. MOE resources