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PRESENT SIMPLE. She lives in London. They usually take the bus to work. She doesn’t like this kind of music . The film starts at 8:30. Facts Habits and repeated actions To talk about thoughts or feelings (what we like, want, think or know )
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PRESENT SIMPLE • She lives in London. • They usually take the bus to work. • She doesn’t like this kind of music. • The film starts at 8:30. • Facts • Habits and repeated actions • To talk about thoughts or feelings (what we like, want, think or know) • For the future, to talk about events on a timetable
FORMS OF THE PRESENT SIMPLE • POSITIVE: I/you/we/they know he/she/it knows • NEGATIVE: I/you/we/they do not know / don’t know he/she/it does not know / doesn’t know • QUESTIONS: do I/you/we/they know does he/she/it know
PUT THE VERB INTO THE CORRECT FORM • Julie ___ (not/drink) tea very often. • What time ___ (the banks/close) here? • Where ___ (Martin/come) from? – He’s Scottish. • What ___ (you/do)? – I’m an electrician. • It ___ (take) me an hour to get to work. How long ___ (it/take) you? • Look at this sentence. What ___ (this word/mean)? • David isn’t very fit. He ___ (not/do) any sport. • What time ___ (the train/arrive)?
PRESENT CONTINUOUS • What are you doing now? • Jim is staying with his parents this week. • Is your English getting better? • I’m meeting some friends tonight • something happening at the moment of speaking • something happening around now but not necessarily at this exact moment • changes happening around now • fixed plan for the future
FORMS OF THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS • POSITIVE I am/’m starting you/we/they are/’re starting he/she/it is/’s starting • NEGATIVE I am not/’m not starting you/we/they are not/’re not/aren’t starting he/she/it is not/’s not/isn’t starting • QUESTIONS Am I starting Are you/we/they starting Is he/she/it starting
PUT THE VERBS INTO THE CORRECT FORM • You ___ (work) hard today. • Why are all these people here? What ___ (happen)? • Let’s go out now. It ___ (not/rain) any more. • I want to lose weight, so this week I ___ (not/eat) lunch. • I ___ (get) tired. I need a rest. • What ___ (Brian/do) these days? • The population of the world ___ (increase) very fast. • He ___(have) dinner with Kate next Friday.
PRESENT CONTINUOUS AND PRESENT SIMPLE PRESENT CONTINUOUS - The water is boiling. Can you turn it off? • Let’s go out. It isn’t raining now. • What are you doing? • The population of the world is increasing very fast. TEMPORARY SITUATIONS • I’m living with some friends until I find a place of my own. • You’re working hard today. PRESENT SIMPLE • Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius. • It doesn’t rain very much in summer. • What do you usually do at weekends? • Every day the population of the world increases by about 200 000 people. PERMANENT SITUATIONS • My parents live in London. • John works hard most of the time.
PUT THE VERBS INTO THE CORRECT FORM, PRESENT SIMPLE OR PRESENT CONTINUOUS • Julia is very good at languages. She ___ (speak) four languages very well. • Hurry up! Everybody ___ (wait) for you. • A: ___ (you/listen) to the radio? B: No, you can turn it off. • The River Nile ___ (flow) into the Mediterranean. • A: How’s your English? B: Not bad. I think it ___ (improve) slowly. • Rachel is in London at the moment. She ___ (stay) at the Park Hotel. She always ___ (stay) there when she’s in London. • Normally I ___(finish) work at five, but this week I ___( work) until six. • My parents ___ (live) in Manchester. They were born there and have never lived anywhere else. Where ___ (your parents/live)? • Sonia ___(look) for a place to live. She ___(stay) with her sister until she finds somewhere. • A: What ___(your brother/do)? B: He’s an architect, but he ___(not/work) at the moment.
SOME VERBS DESCRIBE STATES AND DO NOT NORMALLY HAVE CONTINUOUS FORMS: I like French films. (NOT I’m liking French films) We use state verbs to talk about THOUGHTS (e.g. believe, know, seem, think, understand), FEELINGS (e.g. agree, hope, like, love, want, need), EXISTENCE (be), POSSESSION (e.g. have, belong, own), and THE PROPERTIES OF SOMETHING (e.g. cost, contain, include, mean)
PUT THE VERB INTO THE CORRECT FORM, PRESENT CONTINUOUS OR PRESENT SIMPLE Don’t put the dictionary away. I _______ (use) it. Don’t put the dictionary away. I _______ (need) it. Who’s that man? What _________________ (he/want)? Who’s that man? Why _________________ (he/look) at us? Alan says he’s 80 years old, but nobody ________ (believe) him. She told me her name, but I ___________ (not/remember) it now. I _______ (think) you should sell your car. You ___________ (not/use) it very often. Air ________ (consist) mainly of nitrogen and oxygen.