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Seven Steps to Reasonable Accommodation. Presented at the Building Skills 2010 Conference by John Patrick Evans, CRC Employer Relations Program Administrator Division of Vocational Rehabilitation Department Social Health Services May 15, 2008. “Reasonable Accommodation”.
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Seven Steps to Reasonable Accommodation Presented at the Building Skills 2010 Conference by John Patrick Evans, CRC Employer Relations Program Administrator Division of Vocational Rehabilitation Department Social Health Services May 15, 2008
“Reasonable Accommodation” A logical change in the work environment or in the way things are customarily done that enables an otherwise qualified individual with a disability to enjoy equal employment opportunities.
Reasonable Accommodation The reasonable accommodation process is best understood as a means by which barriers to the equal opportunity of an individual with a disability are removed, reduced or alleviated.
Reasonable Accommodation The responsibility to provide reasonable accommodation in employment settings often fall into three categories: • Those that ensure equal opportunity in the application process • Those that enable workers with disabilities to perform a position’s essential functions • Those that enable workers with disabilities to enjoy the same benefits and privileges of employment as enjoyed by workers without disabilities
Reasonable Accommodation The employer is not obligated to reallocate essential job functions. Essential functions are by definition those the individual who holds the position would have to perform, with or without reasonable accommodation, in order to be considered qualified.
Reasonable Accommodation Function Vs Method
7 Steps To Reasonable Accommodation • The suggested process is designed to address: • Self-Determination • Empowerment • Confidentiality • Documentation • Individualized Assessment • Interactive Process • Good Faith Effort
7 Steps To Reasonable Accommodation Step 1 – Post Notification
7 Steps To Reasonable Accommodation Step 2 – Request Accommodations
7 Steps To Reasonable Accommodation Step 3 – Determine Eligibility & Safe-Keep Records
7 Steps To Reasonable Accommodation Step 4 – Analyze the Situation or Job Involved
7 Steps To Reasonable Accommodation Step 5 – Consult the Individual with Disability
7 Steps To Reasonable Accommodation Step 6 – Identify Accommodations
7 Steps To Reasonable Accommodation Step 7 – Consider the Individual’s Preference
Reasonable Accommodation Examples of possible accommodations in employment: • Job restructuring • Part-time or modified work schedules • Reassignment to a vacant position • Making existing facilities used by employees accessible to individuals with disabilities • Acquisition of auxiliary aides, equipment and/or services • Appropriate adjustment of examinations, training materials or policies
Reasonable Accommodation Examples of possible accommodations in employment: • Provide personal assistants to help with specific duties related to the job • Allow an individual with a disability to provide and use equipment, aids, or services that an employer is not required to provide • Permitting use of accrued paid leave or providing additional unpaid leave for necessary treatment • Changing when or how an essential function is performed
Reasonable Accommodation Examples - Sensory Disability • Clear Expectations (long & short term) • Qualified Interpreter • Assistive Listening Devices • Note-taker / Tape Recordings • Printed Materials • Telecommunication Device / Deaf • Captioned Materials
Reasonable AccommodationExamples - Mental Disability • Clear Expectations (short & long term) • Flexible Schedule / Breaks • Virtual Classroom / Work Station • Tape Recordings / Notetaker • Reduce Distractions (visual/auditory) • Tutor / Mentor • Positive Praise / Reinforcement
Reasonable AccommodationExamples - Physical Disability • Accessible Facilities • Proper Lighting • Alternate Formats • Ergonomic Workstation • Transportation Assistance
Reasonable AccommodationExamples - Visual Disability • Qualified Readers • Audio Recordings • Large Print • Braille Materials • ASCII Diskettes • Transportation Assistance
Thank You For Attending ! John Patrick Evans Certified Rehabilitation Counselor Vocational Rehabilitation Administrator - Employer Relations DSHS - Division of Vocational Rehabilitation EvansJP@dshs.wa.gov