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Administering Emergency Oxygen

Administering Emergency Oxygen

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Administering Emergency Oxygen

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  1. Administering Emergency Oxygen

  2. Welcome! • Introductions • Policies and Procedures • Course Outline • CPR/AED Manual • Standard Precautions

  3. Purpose • To give professional rescuers the knowledge and skills necessary to provide care to a victim of a breathing emergency using breathing devices and emergency oxygen.

  4. Standard Precautions • Precautions • Avoid contact with blood and body fluids. • Use personal protective equipment. • Avoid touching your nose, mouth or eyes while providing care. • Wash hands thoroughly after providing care.

  5. Resuscitation Masks • What is a resuscitation mask? • Benefits of using a resuscitation mask: • The possibility of disease transmission is reduced. • A seal is created over both the victim’s mouth and nose. • Air can be delivered to the victim more quickly through both the mouth and nose. • The device can be connected to emergency oxygen if it has an oxygen inlet, thus increasing the oxygen concentration the victim receives. • Characteristics of a resuscitation mask

  6. Bag-Valve-Mask Resuscitator • What is a BVM? • A BVM reduces the risk of disease transmission and increases the level of oxygen being delivered to a victim. • Rescuer 1 performs an initial assessment while Rescuer 2 assembles the BVM. • Rescuer 1 seals the mask and opens the airways. • Rescue 2 begins ventilations. • Look for movement and recheck for breathing and a pulse about every 2 minutes.

  7. Emergency Oxygen • An injured or ill person can benefit greatly from receiving air with a higher oxygen concentration. • To deliver emergency oxygen, you will need: • An oxygen cylinder. • A regulator with pressure gauge and flowmeter. • A delivery device.

  8. What are some precautions you should take when delivering emergency oxygen?

  9. Delivery Devices • Nasal cannula: flow rate 1-6 LPM • Resuscitation mask: flow rate 6 -15 LPM • Non-rebreather mask: flow rate 10-15 LPM • BVM: flow rate 15 LPM or more

  10. Fixed-Flow-Rate Oxygen • Some emergency oxygen systems deliver oxygen at a fixed-flow rate. • Delivery device, regulator and cylinder already connected. • Reduces or eliminates need to assemble the equipment. • Easier and quicker to deliver emergency oxygen.

  11. What’s Next? • Review of Course Content • Final Exam • Closing