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International Partnerships

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  1. International Partnerships Internet2 International Program Overview Last updated: 24 April 2003

  2. NOTE • We are in the process of updating our international overview materials. • If you find out of date items or have suggested changes, please let us know! • For up to date information, please contact Ana Preston • Thank you for your patience!

  3. Internet2: Partnerships • Partnerships are key to Internet2 • International partners are of strategic importance to Internet2 • Ensure global interoperability • of the next generation of Internet technologies and applications • Enable global collaboration • in research and education providing/promoting the development of an advanced networking environment internationally

  4. International Partnerships • Build effective partnerships in other countries • With organizations of similar goals/objectives and similar constituencies • Mechanism: Memoranda of Understanding • Provide/promote interconnectivity between communities • Collaborate on technology development and deployment • Facilitate collaboration between members on applications • Engagement to: • Establish leading, high-performance network infrastructures in support of science, teaching and learning • Ensure global coordination and end-to-end performance in support of our communities

  5. International Partnerships Current MoU Partners Developing Partnerships Related Efforts in Formation

  6. Europe-Middle East ARNES (Slovenia) BELNET (Belgium) CARNET (Croatia) CESnet (Czech Republic) DANTE (Europe) DFN-Verein (Germany) GIP RENATER (France) GRNET (Greece) HEAnet (Ireland) HUNGARNET (Hungary) INFN-GARR (Italy) Israel-IUCC (Israel) NORDUnet (Nordic Countries) POL-34 (Poland) FCCN (Portugal) RedIRIS (Spain) RESTENA (Luxembourg) RIPN (Russia) SANET (Slovakia) Stichting SURF (Netherlands) SWITCH (Switzerland) TERENA (Europe) JISC, UKERNA (United Kingdom) Americas CANARIE (Canada) CEDIA (Ecuador) CUDI (Mexico) CNTI (Venezuela) CR2NET (Costa Rica) REUNA (Chile) RETINA (Argentina) RNP (Brazil) SENACYT (Panama) Asia-Pacific AAIREP (Australia) APAN (Asia-Pacific) APAN-KR (Korea) APRU (Asia-Pacific) CERNET/CSTNE/NSFCNET (China) JAIRC (Japan) JUCC (Hong Kong) NECTEC/UNINET (Thailand) SingAREN (Singapore) TAnet2 (Taiwan) Last updated: 23 April 2003 Current International Partners

  7. Last updated: 24 April 2003 Networks reachable via Abilene - by country Europe-Middle East Asia-Pacific Americas Austria (ACOnet) Belgium (BELnet) Croatia (CARnet) Czech Rep. (CESnet) Cyprus (Cynet) Denmark (UNI-C) Estonia (ESnet) Finland (FUnet) France (RENATER) Germany (G-Win) Greece (GRnet) Hungary (HUNGARnet) Iceland (ISnet) Ireland (HEANET) Israel (IUCC) Italy (GARR) Latvia (LATNET) Lithuania (LITNET) Luxembourg (RESTENA) Netherlands (SURFnet) Norway (UNINETT) Poland (PCSS) Portugal (FCCN) Romania (RNC)Russia (RIPN) Slovakia (SANET) Slovenia (ARNES) Spain (RedIris) Sweden (SUNET) Switzerland (SWITCH) United Kingdom (JANET) *CERN Australia (AARNET) China (CERNET, CSTNET, NSFCNET) Hong Kong (HARNET) Japan (SINET, WIDE, IMNET, JGN) Korea (KOREN, KREONET2) Singapore (SingAREN) Philippines (PREGINET) Taiwan (TANET2) Thailand (UNINET, ThaiSARN) Argentina (RETINA) Brazil (RNP2/ANSP) Canada (CA*net) Chile (REUNA) Mexico (Red-CUDI) United States (Abilene, vBNS) Venezuela (REACCIUN-2) More information at

  8. International connectivity • Internet2 backbone networks are primarily in the United States • Primarily, our partners’ networks pay to get to the US • NSF provides some funding for 3 international links and a couple of interconnection points • TransPAC (Asia/Pacific Rim) • EuroLink (Europe) • NAUKAnet (Russia) • STAR TAP/Star Light (Chicago) • AMPATH • Other international exchange points/transit facilitated by Internet2 members

  9. International Peering • How? • Through an interconnection point such as PacWave, Starlight, MANLAN, AMPATH • Through an international link such as TransPAC or via another network, e.g., CALREN-2, GEANT • Other options are reviewed case by case

  10. STAR TAP/Star Light •Chicago •NSF-funded project •ATM-based STAR TAP •STAR LIGHT: GigE/10GE switch-based Pacific Wave •Seattle •Gigabit Ethernet-based •Pacific Northwest Gigapop MAN LAN •New York City •Internet2 project •Sited at NYSERNET colo space •GigE/10GE-switch based LALALAN •Los Angeles •Under development by CENIC AmPATH •Miami •Includes Global Crossing links to South America U.S.-based International interconnection points

  11. Last updated: 24 April 2003 Abilene International Peering

  12. Points of Contact • Heather Boylesheather@internet2.eduDirector • Ana Prestonapreston@internet2.eduProgram Manager •

  13. Continental Research Networking Initiatives and Issues - highlights

  14. Europe to US connectivity April 2003 * EUROPE via GEANT: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy. Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, CERN

  15. Europe - highlights • TERENA (Trans European Research and Education Network Association) • Membership association of National Research and Education Networks (NRNs) • No network, but technology and applications working groups • Individual countries: NRENs • Generally connect higher ed and research centers • Connect to GEANT backbone network • “Lambda” connectivity between NRENs emerging • European-wide technology, grid and science projects using high performance networks • DataGrid; European vLBI network (EVN); 6NET • Compendium of European NRENs (2002)

  16. GEANT • 31 countries connecting • Operated by DANTE • 10 Gbps core backbone • Connectors at 2.5Gbps and below • 3x2.5 Gbps across Atlantic

  17. Europe – International connectivity Report on present status of international connectivity in Europe and to other continentsFrom SERENATE – Study into European Research and Education Networking As Targeted by eEurope,


  19. Asia-Pacific - highlights • APAN: Asia-Pacific Advanced Network • Partner in TransPAC link • Several national networks moving to 10Gbps • APAN network made up of country-owned p2p links contributed to APAN • Trans Eurasia and Trans Pacific connectivity increasing

  20. APAN interconnections: current and upcoming North Cluster (CN, JP, KR, …) Russia Europe North America Japan Korea USA Central Asia Net China • Taiwan Hong Kong South Asia Net Thailand Vietnam Philippines Malaysia • Sri Lanka West Asia Net Singapore Indonesia Southeast Cluster (MY, SG, TH,…) Oceania Cluster (AU,…) Exchange Point Access Point Current status 2003 (plan) • Australia

  21. TransPAC • Connections APAN to US • OC-12 POS Seattle (Pacific Wave) to Tokyo • OC-12 ATM Chicago (StarLight) to Tokyo • Together 1.244 Gbps Tokyo to the US • Funded by NSF and Japanese government

  22. Africa - highlights • No dedicated R&E network connectivity from African continent • Some national inter-university connections: • South Africa: Tertiary Education Network (TENET) • Egypt: Egyptian Universities Network (EUN) • Morocco: Maroc Wide Area Network (MARWAN) • National Institutes of Health MIMcom project • Satellite connectivity to malaria research sites in Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania

  23. SAT3/WASC/SAFE cable system 36 nations, landings on African states 4 fibers (27,850 kms) Telkom, May 2002 Africa-Asia connections? EUMEDconnect EUMEDIS (Mediterranean Information Society) To GEANT (includes some countries in northern Africa) Africa – highlights [2]

  24. Americas ConnectivityApril 2003

  25. Partners in the Americas • Discussions in progress: • Peru • Colombia • Uruguay • Guatemala • Cuba

  26. Canada: CANARIE: 1st Internet2 MoU partner CA*Net: 18,000 km OC192 wavelength network Customer controlled wavelengths Mexico, Brazil, Chile, Argentina and Venezuela all peering with Internet2 networks AMPATH: Florida International University (Global Crossing) currently AR, BR (2), CL -> 45 Mbps point to point from Miami Initial boost for Advanced Networking in LA Stimulus for advanced connectivity inside each country Americas - highlights

  27. Latin America - highlights • During last 3 years, several firms have been building optical fiber rings in LA&C • Significant projects underway • Opening exciting and new possibilities for cooperation in advanced technological and scientific applications PanamericanGlobal Crossing & EmergiaImpSatTransandinoUniSurGlobal Crossing

  28. CLARA: Cooperacion Latino Americana de Redes Avanzadas • Association of NRENs in LA open to all LA Countries • Background: • @LIS: Alliance for the Information Society (2003-2005) • CAESAR: promote EU-LA connectivity • Project ALICE - América Latina Interconecta Con Europa • September/October 2003: Phase I connection to Europe at 155 Mpbs) • Major connectivity between AR, BR, CL, MX (<= 45 Mbps); other countries connect to major nodes (between 10 and 45 Mbps)

  29. International Partners • The following slides contain more information on some of our Internet2 International Partners around the globe. • We start with Asia, follow with Europe and then with the Americas.

  30. Asia / Pacific Rim

  31. • Partner in TransPAC • Several national networks moving to 10Gbps • APAN network made up of country-owned p2p links contributed to APAN • Trans Eurasia and Trans Pacific connectivity increasing

  32. • 2 x 155Mbps at PacWave • Supports academic and research community in Australia • GRANGEnet Source: George McLaughlin, AARNET

  33. • 10Mbps to Japan (APAN) • Within China: • 16x2.5G DWDM system (two lambda’s are currently running) • OC48 POS links to 8 cities • OC3 POS SDH links to all provincial capitals (except Lhasa) • unicast and multicast Source: Xing Li, CERNET

  34. KOREN/ • Sharing 45mbps link across Pacific to STAR TAP • KREONET2 is led by KISTI and funded by Ministry of Sci & Tech • KOREN is funded by Ministry of Info and Comm and operated by Korea Telecom

  35. SuperSINET Sites ● Jan. 2002 Oct. 2002 Oct. 2003 ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● • SINET national backbone network for higher education • SuperSINET for research projects (~14 versus 300 SINET universities) • 10gbps backbone in Japan • 155mbps Abilene in Sunnyvale

  36. WIDE IPv6 • First international, native IPv6 connection • 45mbps Tokyo to Sunnyvale • Connects to Abilene IPv6 router in Sunnyvale • DV over IP applications development • Fujitsu at University of Maryland

  37. Radio Frequency Signals from Space KSP Kashima Station Usuda Deep Space Center (ISAS) Kashima Space Research Center (CRL) Nobeyama Radio Observatory (NAO) 2.4Gb/s ATM Network NTT Musashino R&D Center KSP Tateyama Station (CRL) KSP Miura Station (CRL) KSP Koganei Station National Astronomical Observatory Communications Research Laboratory GEMNET • NTT Labs-owned and operated network • Connects NTT Research Labs in Japan • Plus several radio telescope installations • Plus U. Kyoto and U. Tokyo • 2.4Gb/s circuits • 33mbps connection to US, of which 10mb PVC to Abilene, also to STAR TAP

  38. • Currently 27mbps across Pacific • Peers with Abilene in Sunnyvale • 45mbps PVC to STAR TAP/AADS switch

  39. • Recently upgraded to 90Mbps connection to Pacific Wave, Seattle • Connects select few, high-end research institutions in Taiwan • Peers with several nets at Pacific Wave

  40. • Funded by Ministry of University Affairs in Thailand • Connects most universities in Thailand • Via 155mbps links • Currently has 10mbps PVC to Los Angeles • Peers with Abilene in L.A. • Other major net in Thailand is run by NECTEC (Ministry of Science & Tech funding)

  41. Europe

  42. • 2.5gbps backbone in UK • Connects MANs – connecting universities • Supporting UK gov’t funded e-Science projects • Utilizing GEANT connection to peer with Abilene currently

  43. • 2x622mbps to StarLight (production) • Lambda for research (2.5gbps) • StarLight counterpart in Amsterdam Source: Erik-Jan Bos

  44. KPNQWEST T3 (21 Mb) CERN - North America, today STARTAP T3 ATM CERN PoP Chicago STM-1 ATM STM-1 POS STM-1 ATM TEN-155 ATM ESNET CERN CIXP • Currently behind GEANT • Sept 2002: DataTag OC48 (2.4gbps) to StarLight Source: Paolo Moroni, CERN

  45. • Serves the Irish universities • Using 2 of several OC3 (155mbps) links to peer in NYC • Upgrading backbone to 155mbps

  46. • Connects together networks of Denmark, Iceland, Finland, Norway and Sweden • Reworking 622mbps to New York (plus 155 to StarLight) Providing transit to RUNNET (Russia), EENET (Estonia), UARNET (Ukraine) and NASK (Warsaw, Poland)

  47. Americas

  48. Canada -- CA* CA*net 4 • 1st Mou Partner Edmonton Saskatoon Winnipeg Vancouver Calgary Regina Halifax Thunder Bay Kamloops St. John's Victoria Quebec City Charlottetown Sudbury Seattle Montreal Ottawa Fredericton Halifax Minneapolis Toronto Kingston CA*net 4 Node Buffalo London Boston Possible Future Breakout Hamilton Albany Windsor Possible Future link or Option Chicago New York • Wavelength-based • regional networks CA*net 4 OC192

  49. México - CUDI • +71 universities • International connections: • EUA: via Tijuana – San Diego (transit via CALREN2 to Abilene) at 155Mbps • 100Mbps between Ciudad Juarez and El Paso (to Abilene) • vBNS via Houston

  50. CRNET: National Research Network Designed project of Ministry of S&T (MICIT) and ICE to provide broadband connectivity DWDM ring (metro) & xDSL access IP core – Gigarouters Aggregate BW to 30 Gbps, 5,200 km of fiber CR2Net: initially 7 universities currently exploring international connection options to Internet2 via Los Arcos Cable and/or involvement via CLARA Costa Rica – CRNet