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Madison and Monroe (1809-1825) PowerPoint Presentation
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Madison and Monroe (1809-1825)

Madison and Monroe (1809-1825)

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Madison and Monroe (1809-1825)

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  1. Madison and Monroe (1809-1825)

  2. James Madison • Author of the Constitution • Secretary of State under Jefferson • Eminently qualified and ready for the job

  3. War of 1812 • British impressing American merchant sailors • Kidnapped and enlisted in British Navy • War Hawks in Congress wanted war for years • Take Canada too! • Federalists hate the idea • Hurt New England shipping, aren’t fond of Canada

  4. “Mr. Madison’s War” • Congress passes formal war declaration • Madison buckles under the pressure to fight • Nation divided, New Englanders refuse to serve

  5. Election of 1812

  6. Canada and Britainfight back • Napoleon defeated in 1814 • Can focus entirely on America now • Invade Virginia August 1814 • Burn the the Capitol and White House • Blockade Baltimore • Attack New Orleans

  7. Battle of New Orleans • America and Britain agree to peace • Treaty of Ghent (Dec 24th, 1814) • Andrew Jackson wins Battle of New Orleans • Jan, 1815 • War is already over! • Andrew Jackson becomes national hero

  8. Andrew Jackson

  9. Why is the War Important? • America can stand and fight with major powers • Manufacturing blossomed in America Ports blocked, have to make goods instead of buying American nationalism solidified National literature, Second National Bank, Art

  10. James Monroe(The era of Good Feelings) • Madison’s Secretary of State • Virginian • Meh • Wins in a landslide

  11. The American System • Brainchild of Henry Clay • First big tariff • For protectionism, not revenue • Strong national bank • Roads and Canals (Ohio River Valley) • Monroe vetoes

  12. Missouri Compromise(1820) • Missouri comes in as a slave state • Maine comes in as a free state • Balance in Senate is kept • Fight over slavery avoided

  13. Monroe Doctrine • Europe is no longer welcome in Western Hemisphere • America will not condone European settlement • Stay out of our half of the globe!

  14. Our policy in regard to Europe, which was adopted at an early stage of the wars which have so long agitated that quarter of the globe, nevertheless remains the same, which is, not to interfere in the internal concerns of any of its powers; to consider the government de facto as the legitimate government for us; to cultivate friendly relations with it, and to preserve those relations by a frank, firm, and manly policy, meeting in all instances the just claims of every power, submitting to injuries from none. It is impossible that the Allied Powers should extend their political system to any portion of either continent without endangering our peace and happiness. Nor can anyone believe that our southern brethren, if left to themselves, would adopt it of their own accord. It is equally impossible, therefore, that we should behold such interposition in any form with indifference.” --Monroe Doctrine