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Tantalus PowerPoint Presentation


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  1. Historical/Cultural Context: _______ - ________ Character in Greek Mythology. Connotations: Human sacrifice, death, offering. Tantalus Explanation: Tantalus was welcomed to Zeus’ table and stole food for his people. He also revealed the secrets of the gods. As an offering to the gods, Tantalus sacrificed his son, Pelops, by chopping him up and boiling him. The gods were aware of his plan and did not eat; Zeus ordered Fate to resurrect Pelops. Tantalus’ punishment was to stand beneath a fruit tree in a pool of water and anytime he reached for food, the branches would move up, as the water would recede anytime he reached for water.

  2. Historical/Cultural Context: 30AD - 33AD A bribe taken by Judas to betray Jesus. Connotations: Bribery, death, betrayal, cheating, liar, sin. thirty pieces of silver Explanation: According to the Gospel of John, Judas carried the disciples’ money bag and betrayed Jesus for a bribe of thirty pieces of silver. In return, he turned Jesus over to the high priest, who in turn, handed him over to the soldiers of Pontius Pilate. Once handed over, he was crucified by Pontius Pilate on the cross.

  3. Historical/Cultural Context: Biblical Times The allusion comes from 1 Corinthians 13:12, “for now we see through a glass, darkly.” Connotations: Mirror, murky, dense, dark, morbid. througha glass darkly Explanation: The Apostle Paul writes, in 1 Corinthians 13:12, that we as humans do not see clearly through the glass, or mirror, and that at the end of time humans will see what is meant to seen.

  4. Historical/Cultural Context: Biblical Times The Tower of Babel explains the origin of different countries and languages due to one man’s ignorance. Connotations: Languages, countries, ignorance, boasting, greatness, power Tower of Babel Explanation: The Tower of Babel was built in the city of Babel, known for a united humanity and being the first city built after the Great Flood. King Nimrod insisted that there be a tower built so that its top would be in the heavens. However the tower was not built to honor or worship God, and seeing the people sin against him, he confused their languages and scattered people across the Earth.

  5. Connotations: Sneaky, stealthy, dark, deceiving, fascinating, immense Historical/Cultural Context: 1194–1184 BC The strategy used by the Greeks to conquer the city of Troy. Trojan Horse Explanation: The Trojans were overjoyed to see that the Greeks had burned camp and set sail for home. The giant Trojan horse was brought inside the city walls, planning to dedicate it to Athena. The Greeks, however, had hidden inside the structure and took over the city of Troy successfully.

  6. Historical/Cultural Context: __________ Utopia is the term used for an ideal society. Connotations: Heaven, paradise, dreamland, perfect, precise, ideal Utopia Historical/Cultural Context: The word Utopia has been used to describe intentional communities, which attempt to create an ideal society, and fictional societies shown throughout literature.

  7. Historical/Cultural Context: June 18, 1815 Napoleon's last battle which ended his reign as the French Emperor. Connotations: Defeat, final, loss, collapse, breakdown, ruin, ambush, death. Waterloo Explanation: The battle of Waterloo, in Belgium, was the last battle for Napoleon Bonaparte. The battle marked the end of The Hundred Days, and also ended Napoleon’s defeat and the loss of his authoritative position as the Emperor of France, leaving thousands dead.