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PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E Heizer Render PowerPoint Presentation
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PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E Heizer Render

PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E Heizer Render

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PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E Heizer Render

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    1. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-1

    2. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-2 Outline Tools of TQM Check sheets Scatter Diagrams Cause-and-Effect Diagram Pareto Charts Process Charts Histogram The Role of Inspection When and where to Inspect Source Inspection

    3. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-3 Service Industry Inspection Inspection of Attributes vs Variables TQM in Services Process Charts Histogram The Role of Inspection Total Quality Management in Services Knowledge of TQM Tools

    4. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-4 Learning Objectives When you complete this chapter, you should be able to : Identify or Define: Quality Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award Demings, Juran, and Crosby Taguchi Concepts

    5. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-5 Learning Objectives - continued When you complete this chapter, you should be able to : Explain: Why quality is important Total Quality Management (TQM) Pareto charts Process charts Quality robust products Inspection

    6. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-6 To Make the Quality Focus Work Motorola: Aggressively began a worldwide education program to be sure that employees understood quality and statistical process control Established goals Established extensive employee participation and employee teams One of the most useful points to made from this slide is that the Motorola example illustrates that quality must be a concern of the enterprise - not an individual or department.One of the most useful points to made from this slide is that the Motorola example illustrates that quality must be a concern of the enterprise - not an individual or department.

    7. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-7 Ways in Which Quality Can Improve Productivity Sales Gains Improved response Higher Prices Improved reputation This slide looks at the impact of quality on productivity - it also enables you to begin a discussion as to the meaning of quality (or perhaps the differing meanings among different people). To many people, the notion of high quality carries with it the assumption of high price. This slide provides an initial point to challenge that assumption. On Quiz: An improvement in quality will decease production costs. This slide looks at the impact of quality on productivity - it also enables you to begin a discussion as to the meaning of quality (or perhaps the differing meanings among different people). To many people, the notion of high quality carries with it the assumption of high price. This slide provides an initial point to challenge that assumption. On Quiz: An improvement in quality will decease production costs.

    8. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-8 Flow of Activities Necessary to Achieve Total Quality Management Organizational Practices This slide simply introduces the four activities. Subsequent slides expand on each.This slide simply introduces the four activities. Subsequent slides expand on each.

    9. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-9 Organizational Practices Leadership Mission statement Effective operating procedure Staff support Training Yields: What is important and what is to be accomplished Read Slide. Point out the difference between leadership and management..a leader will rally the employees to share the same vision and mutually work together to achieve the same goals. To manage is to ensure that all the resources are working towards the same goal. The point should also be made, again, about the need for involvement and commitment throughout the organization.Read Slide. Point out the difference between leadership and management..a leader will rally the employees to share the same vision and mutually work together to achieve the same goals. To manage is to ensure that all the resources are working towards the same goal. The point should also be made, again, about the need for involvement and commitment throughout the organization.

    10. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-10 Quality Principles Customer focus Continuous improvement Employee empowerment Benchmarking Just-in-time Tools of TQM Yields: How to do what is important and to be accomplished Read Slide Discuss the importance of employee involvement. All of the above principles can be esier achieved when there is a high level of employee involvement.Read Slide Discuss the importance of employee involvement. All of the above principles can be esier achieved when there is a high level of employee involvement.

    11. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-11 Employment Fulfillment Empowerment Organizational commitment Yields: Employees attitudes that they can accomplish what is important and to be accomplished This slide can be used to form the basis for a discussion of empowerment. Read Slide Discuss empowerment - begin by asking students to define the term. It may be helpful to ask students to identify the benefits and pitfalls to both management and worker. (For example, empowerment requires workers to assume greater responsibility.)This slide can be used to form the basis for a discussion of empowerment. Read Slide Discuss empowerment - begin by asking students to define the term. It may be helpful to ask students to identify the benefits and pitfalls to both management and worker. (For example, empowerment requires workers to assume greater responsibility.)

    12. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-12 Customer Satisfaction Winning orders Repeat customers Yields: An effective organization with a competitive advantage The main point that one might make with this slide is that the customer is, ultimately, the most important person in your business.The main point that one might make with this slide is that the customer is, ultimately, the most important person in your business.

    13. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-13 Definitions of Quality ASC: Product characteristics & features that affect customer satisfaction User-Based: What consumer says it is Manufacturing-Based: Degree to which a product conforms to design specification Product-Based: Level of measurable product characteristic Once you have introduced these definitions of quality, ask students to provide example of products that use them.Once you have introduced these definitions of quality, ask students to provide example of products that use them.

    14. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-14 Dimensions of Quality for Goods It may be most helpful to provide, or ask you students to provide, examples of products for which the notion of quality is based upon one or more of the dimensions listed.It may be most helpful to provide, or ask you students to provide, examples of products for which the notion of quality is based upon one or more of the dimensions listed.

    15. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-15 Importance of Quality This slide simply illustrates the relationships between quality and other elements of the firm.This slide simply illustrates the relationships between quality and other elements of the firm.

    16. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-16 Established in 1988 by the U.S. government Designed to promote TQM practices Some criteria Senior executive leadership; strategic planning; management. of process quality Quality results; customer satisfaction Recent winners Corning Inc.; GTE; AT&T; Eastman Chemical. Malcom Baldrige National Quality Award You might make the point that companies actually do consider this a prestigious award. For further information, visit the web site: http://www.quality.nist.govYou might make the point that companies actually do consider this a prestigious award. For further information, visit the web site: http://www.quality.nist.gov

    17. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-17

    18. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-18 Costs of Quality Prevention costs - reducing the potential for defects Appraisal costs - evaluating products Internal failure - of producing defective parts or service External costs - occur after delivery On quizprevention costs.On quizprevention costs.

    19. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-19 EC Environmental Standard ISO 14000 Core Elements: Environmental management Auditing Performance evaluation Labeling Life-cycle assessment

    20. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-20 International Quality Standards Industrial Standard Z8101-1981 (Japan) Specification for TQM ISO 9000 series (Europe/EC) Common quality standards for products sold in Europe (even if made in U.S.) ISO 14000 series (Europe/EC) Standards for recycling, labeling etc. ASQC Q90 series; MILSTD (U.S.) One of the most important points to be made from this slide is that quality standards are now international. Students might be asked to explain the benefits of international as opposed to national standards. They might also be asked to consider the limitations we would face if there were no such standards. The problems to be encountered in developing international standards also make for good discussion. One of the most important points to be made from this slide is that quality standards are now international. Students might be asked to explain the benefits of international as opposed to national standards. They might also be asked to consider the limitations we would face if there were no such standards. The problems to be encountered in developing international standards also make for good discussion.

    21. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-21 Traditional Quality Process (Manufacturing) What problems they would foresee in implementing this process?What problems they would foresee in implementing this process?

    22. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-22 TQM Encompasses entire organization, from supplier to customer Stresses a commitment by management to have a continuing company-wide drive toward excellence in all aspects of products and services that are important to the customer. A point to be made here is that TQM is not a program but a philosophy. All functions within an organization must be involved in quality or TQM Includes manufacturing, logistics, maintenance, accounting, and all levels of employees. A point to be made here is that TQM is not a program but a philosophy. All functions within an organization must be involved in quality or TQM Includes manufacturing, logistics, maintenance, accounting, and all levels of employees.

    23. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-23 Achieving Total Quality Management Again, a point to be made here is the universality required to achieve TQM.Again, a point to be made here is the universality required to achieve TQM.

    24. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-24 Demings Fourteen Points Create consistency of purpose Lead to promote change Build quality into the products Build long term relationships Continuously improve product, quality, and service Start training Emphasize leadership One point to make here is that this list represents a recent expression of Demings 14 points - the list is still evolving. You notice that many of these fourteen points seem to be simply common sense. Consider jobs you have held. Were these points emphasized or implemented by their employers? If not, why not? Proper approaches to quality are not programs, with limited involvement and finite duration, but rather philosophies which must become ingrained throughout the organization. One point to make here is that this list represents a recent expression of Demings 14 points - the list is still evolving. You notice that many of these fourteen points seem to be simply common sense. Consider jobs you have held. Were these points emphasized or implemented by their employers? If not, why not? Proper approaches to quality are not programs, with limited involvement and finite duration, but rather philosophies which must become ingrained throughout the organization.

    25. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-25 Demings Points - continued Drive out fear Break down barriers between departments Stop haranguing workers Support, help, improve Remove barriers to pride in work Institute a vigorous program of education and self-improvement Put everybody in the company to work on the transformation

    26. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-26 Concepts of TQM Continuous improvement Employee empowerment Benchmarking Just-in-time (JIT) Taguchi concepts Knowledge of tools This slide simply introduces concepts of TQM. Explain laterThis slide simply introduces concepts of TQM. Explain later

    27. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-27 Continuous Improvement With respect to the notion of continuous improvement. - Why do we need continuous improvement? Why cant we do it right the first time? - Doesnt implementation of continuous improvement introduce a certain instability? - Are we never done? - Etc. On Quiz: Kaizen is similar to TQM in that both focus on continuous improvement.With respect to the notion of continuous improvement. - Why do we need continuous improvement? Why cant we do it right the first time? - Doesnt implementation of continuous improvement introduce a certain instability? - Are we never done? - Etc. On Quiz: Kaizen is similar to TQM in that both focus on continuous improvement.

    28. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-28 Shewharts PDCA Model

    29. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-29 Employee Empowerment At this point discuss: - why employee empowerment works - the role of information technology in enabling employee empowerment - the role of information technology in making employee empowerment a requirementAt this point discuss: - why employee empowerment works - the role of information technology in enabling employee empowerment - the role of information technology in making employee empowerment a requirement

    30. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-30 Benchmarking Selecting best practices to use as a standard for performance Determine what to benchmark Form a benchmark team Identify benchmarking partners Collect and analyze benchmarking information Take action to match or exceed the benchmark Ask student to identify firms which they believe could serve as benchmarks. If students are unable to identify any firms - ask them to identify a college or university whose registration system or housing selection system could serve as a benchmark. Most students have enough knowledge of, or friends at,other colleges and universities so as to be able to respond to this question.Ask student to identify firms which they believe could serve as benchmarks. If students are unable to identify any firms - ask them to identify a college or university whose registration system or housing selection system could serve as a benchmark. Most students have enough knowledge of, or friends at,other colleges and universities so as to be able to respond to this question.

    31. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-31 Just-in-Time (JIT) Relationship to quality: JIT cuts cost of quality JIT improves quality Better quality means less inventory and better, easier-to-employ JIT system This slide introduces a discussion about JIT. Subsequent slides elaborate. On Quiz: Waste reduction is central to the Just-In-Time philosophy. Waste of inventory or excessive inventory works against the J.I.T. concept and contributes to quality problems.This slide introduces a discussion about JIT. Subsequent slides elaborate. On Quiz: Waste reduction is central to the Just-In-Time philosophy. Waste of inventory or excessive inventory works against the J.I.T. concept and contributes to quality problems.

    32. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-32 Just-in-Time (JIT) Pull system of production/purchasing Customer starts production with an order Involves vendor partnership programs to improve quality of purchased items Reduces all inventory levels Inventory hides process & material problems Improves process & product quality This might be a good time to differentiate between pushand pull systems. Do Beer example Subsequent slides elaborate on the role of JIT and inventory levels in hiding problems. This might be a good time to differentiate between pushand pull systems. Do Beer example Subsequent slides elaborate on the role of JIT and inventory levels in hiding problems.

    33. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-33 Just-In-Time (JIT) Example Remember this slide!Remember this slide!

    34. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-34 Just-In-Time (JIT) Example Note that reducing inventory enables problems to be seen - it does not necessarily fix them.Note that reducing inventory enables problems to be seen - it does not necessarily fix them.

    35. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-35 Tools for TQM Quality Function Deployment House of Quality Quality loss function Pareto charts Process charts Cause-and-effect diagrams Statistical process control Poke-Yoke, (error proofing) This slide is to simply introduce the tools of TQM. Q. F. D. We discussed this one last week. It determines what will satisfy the customer, and translates those customer desires into the target design. Quality Loss Function is a mathematical function that identifies all costs connected with poor quality and shows how these costs increase as product moves from what the customer wants. Paretos rule states that 80% of a firms problems are a result of 20% of the causes. Its a graphical method of identifying the few critical items as opposed to many less important ones. As Spock would say on Star Trek, sacrifice the trivial many to save the vital few, its logical. Be careful to watch the wording on the quiz on this ones. Fish-Bone, or Cause & Effect, Ishikawa chart is used to identify the location where quality problems are. It helps identify the source of a problem. Poke-Yoke is a Japanese term for error proofing. It usually means a device or technique that ensures a good unit every time. Such devices should lead to fewer inspection points. This slide is to simply introduce the tools of TQM. Q. F. D. We discussed this one last week. It determines what will satisfy the customer, and translates those customer desires into the target design. Quality Loss Function is a mathematical function that identifies all costs connected with poor quality and shows how these costs increase as product moves from what the customer wants. Paretos rule states that 80% of a firms problems are a result of 20% of the causes. Its a graphical method of identifying the few critical items as opposed to many less important ones. As Spock would say on Star Trek, sacrifice the trivial many to save the vital few, its logical. Be careful to watch the wording on the quiz on this ones. Fish-Bone, or Cause & Effect, Ishikawa chart is used to identify the location where quality problems are. It helps identify the source of a problem. Poke-Yoke is a Japanese term for error proofing. It usually means a device or technique that ensures a good unit every time. Such devices should lead to fewer inspection points.

    36. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-36 Cause and Effect Diagram Example

    37. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-37 Cause and Effect Diagram Example

    38. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-38 Cause and Effect Diagram Example

    39. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-39 Cause and Effect Diagram Example

    40. PowerPoint presentation to accompany Operations Management, 6E (Heizer & Render) 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. , Upper Saddle River, N.J. 07458 6-40 Fishbone Chart - Problems with Airline Customer Service This slide illustrates a Cause and Effect Chart for a practical problem.This slide illustrates a Cause and Effect Chart for a practical problem.