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Postmodernism

Postmodernism

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Postmodernism

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  1. Teaching Sociology TodayWhat is Postmodernism and how do you teach it? Tim Dant Sociology, University of Lancaster Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  2. introduction • postmodernism: cultural movement • Jencks 1987 • key ideas: • simulation (Baudrillard) • nostalgia (Jameson) • loss of grand narratives (Lyotard) Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  3. modernism • forward looking: • progressive, new, designed, human principle, iconoclastic (James Joyce) • architecture: rectangular, glass + steel • rational: • calculative, powerful, systematic • undecorative: • manmade materials, hard lines, functional Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  4. Seagram Building, New York 1958 Mies van der Rohe Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  5. Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art at Cornell University 1973 I.M.Pei Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  6. World Trade Centre 1970 Minoru Yamasaki Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  7. Vanna Venturi House • Robert Venturi • 1961-64 • unsymmetrical • classic references Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  8. postmodernism • nostalgic references back • classical, modern, traditional • simulation of modernism • borrows modernist forms • playful – no grand narrative • mix of styles, references Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  9. AT&T headquarters International Style ‘Chippendale’ pediment 1984 Philip Johnson Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  10. New York, New York Hotel Las Vegas 1997 Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  11. modernity + postmodernity • modern-ism, postmodern-ism • cultural movements • modern-ity, postmodern-ity • periods of history • critique of modernity  postmodernity • inhumanity of rationality, system Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  12. postmodernity • a development of modernity • incoporation of critique • sociology: • globalisation • complexity • knowledge • surveillance Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  13. economy and culture • new economy • based on taste, ideas, aesthetics? • production of knowledge • new technologies, new bureacracies • flows of resources, information, products • liquid, mobile, complex Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  14. postmodernism: simulation • simulation - Baudrillard • imitation, copy, appearance of reality • substitution for the real • brick façade simulating brick building • ceramic tiles simulating limestone or wood • ‘precession of simulacra’ • simulation precedes the real - Disneyland • fakery, feigning, pretending… Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  15. Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  16. real or copy? • signifier of something? • Disneyworld, “Celebration” • New York, New York hotel • war: war games, video games, video images • cloning, genetic modification • who is the real human? • Twin Towers… in Beijing Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  17. World Park Beijing, China Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  18. postmodernism: nostalgia • nostalgia: Jameson • repackaging the past, • pop culture replayed • Elvis - 1997 concert… • Elvis impersonators… Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  19. Elvis in Las Vegas (late ‘60s) Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  20. Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  21. reliving the past • cultural logic • economics of recycling culture • golden oldies • re-enactment • Star Trek conventions (simulacra?) • museums Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  22. Marquess of Winchester’s regiment of the English Civil War Society – Pike attack – Cliveden 2007 Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  23. Jorvik Centre York Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  24. York ‘Shambles’ Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  25. loss of grand narratives • postmodernism as mix and match, • old and new, parody, pastiche • fashion: ‘supermarket of style’ • plurality of knowledges (Lyotard) • grand narratives: • religion, political system as legitimation • …. but not science Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  26. little narratives • medicine: • bio-medicine + alternative healing • no foundation, no essential principles • crystals… Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  27. Healing crystals… Silk bag of crystals healing stones contains: Red Jasper for Bronchitis, Cancer, Diabetes and Wasting Disease Green Aventurine for Fever, Stress, Eczema and as a General Tonic Sodalite for Blood Pressure(high or low) Burns, Sinus and Impotence Hematite for Anemia, Neck Tension, Depression and Muscles Moonstone for PMS, Fertility, Menopause and Reproductive System …. Etc! Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

  28. conclusions • simulation • nostalgia • end of grand narratives • ‘pomo’ as a cultural movement • architecture, art, advertising,fashion, television, pop music… • cultural practices: design, medicine, business Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster