Career Planning Begins with Assessment Meeting the Needs of Youth and Young Adults
What this session will cover: • The factors that contribute to career planning challenges faced by vulnerable youth and youth with disabilities • The experiences that support their transition to adulthood and the career planning process. • How assessment is used during transition to ensure quality career planning for youth.
What is Career Planning? • Career planning is a set of activities designed for youth to make informed choices about academic programs, training, and work. • To be successful, youth need access to a specific range of experiences that allow them to explore their interests and the many options available to them.
What is Assessment? • Assessment is “the process of collecting data for the purpose of making decisions.” • It is the part of career planning that closely examines the interests and abilities of each individual to establish a basis for identifying appropriate types of employment, training, and career development possibilities.
Nine factors that often lead to transition challenges • Diagnosed disabilities • Hidden or undiagnosed disabilities • Chronic illness • Poverty • Immigrant status—culture and language • Teen parenthood • Involvement in the juvenile or adult justice system • Homelessness • Involvement in the foster care system
Experiences supporting development and the career planning process—The Five Guideposts • School-Based Preparatory Experiences • Career Preparation & Work-Based Learning Experiences • Youth Development & Youth Leadership Opportunities • Connecting Activities & Support Services • Family Involvement Activities
1. School-Based Preparatory Experiences • Standards and high expectations • Based on meaningful indicators of student learning and skills • Career and technical education options • Accommodations and adaptive technology for youth with disabilities
2.Career Preparation & Work-Based Learning Experiences • Secondary and postsecondary • In-school and community-based • Structured exposure in paid and unpaid work • Mentoring and Internships • Ongoing assessment • Collaborative support
3. Youth Development & Youth Leadership Opportunities • Activities that allow youth to control and direct their own lives based on informed decisions • Self-advocacy • Conflict resolution • Personal leadership • Community Service • Mentoring
4. Connecting Activities & Support Services • Physical and mental health services • Transportation • Tutoring • Financial planning and management • Postsecondary supports • Assistive technology for youth with disabilities
5. Family Involvement and Supports • Access to community resources • Opportunities to be engaged in decision making • Opportunities to learn about legislation, disabilities, and career options
Autism Deafness Deaf-blindness Hearing Impairment Mental Retardation Multiple Impairments Orthopedic Impairment Other Health Impairment Serious Emotional Disturbance Specific Leaning Disability Speech or Language Impairment Traumatic Brain Injury Visual Impairment or Blindness IDEA & Thirteen Categories of Disability
Hidden Disabilities • Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD) • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder— (ADHD) • Traumatic Brain Injury • Mental Health or Emotional Problems • Mental Retardation • Chemical Health Issues
Issues Related to Hidden Disabilities • Disclosure • Screening and Assessment • Referrals to Consultants • Education and Training Programs • Judicial System and Treatment Programs
Out of School Youth with Disabilities • Eligibility and access to services • Vocational Rehabilitation • Workforce Investment Act -Youth Services -Adult Services
Meeting an Individual’s Career Planning Assessment Needs—Five Goals • Multiple Options • Self-Advocacy: Person Centered Planning • Bridging Academic and Career Needs • Access to Critical Information • Professional Adult Assistance
The Four Domains of Assessment • Educational • Psychological • Vocational • Medical
Formal Testing Instruments in Assessment Seven Areas of Testing and Performance Review • Academic Performance or Achievement • Cognitive Abilities • Behavior, Social, and Emotional Issues • Vocational Interests • Job Aptitudes • Certification of Occupational Competencies • Physical and Functional Capacities
1. Academic Performance or Achievement Testing Purposes of Assessment in Academic Planning: • Determine eligibility for special services • Aid student placement and instruction • Support accountability efforts The goal is to identify the academic skills, learning styles, cognitive abilities, and educational challenges of individual youth.
2. Cognitive Abilities Testing • Educational Domain • Intelligence Testing • Psychological Domain • Neuropsychological testing • Testing for learning disabilities
3. Behavioral, Social, and Emotional Issues • Their impact on youth • Behavioral testing and assessment • Mental health diagnostic testing • Chemical health diagnostic testing
Vocational Assessments • Interest testing • Job aptitudes • Certification of occupational competency • Physical and functional capacities
4. Vocational Interests Tests • Lead to pragmatic academic and career planning • Can be purchased or found on line at many Web sites • Many government sites have forms of these tests • Should not be used to “screen out”
5. Job Aptitudes, Habits, and Skills • Wide variety of written or performance assessments • KSAs—knowledge, skills, and abilities • Situational work assessments • Work sample testing • Analysis of work environments
7. Physical and Functional Capacities—Vocational • Work Capacities • Work Tolerance • Motor Skills and Manual Dexterity • Assistive Technology Assessments • Post-secondary and Workplace Accommodations
7. Physical and Functional Capacities—Medical • Medical Diagnostic Testing • Speech/Language, Physical, and Occupational Therapies • Treatment
Independent Living Skills Assessments • Transportation and mobility • Personal care • Recreation and leisure • Home maintenance • Communication skills
Testing Accommodations • Reliability and Validity • Publisher Guidelines • Institutional Guidelines • Four Types of Accommodation • Presentation Format • Response Format • Setting • Timing
Factors in Choosing Published Tests and Assessments • Reliability • Validity • Fairness • Cost • Time needed to administer and score • Qualifications of test administrator • Ease of use • Reporting format
Career Planning Begins with Assessment—The Guide Other Features: • Directory of Commonly-Used Published Tests • Building an Assessment Infrastructure • Ethical and Fair Assessment Practices • Confidentiality and Privacy Issues • Useful Forms and Exhibits
Our Web Sites The National Collaborative on Workforce and Disability for Youth www.ncwd-youth.info The National Center on Secondary Education and Transition www.ncset.org
Types of Products and Resources • How to Guides • Information and Policy Briefs • Background Papers • Facts and Statistics • Hot Topics Syntheses • Funding Sources • Training Materials
Presenters • Joe Timmons firstname.lastname@example.org • Jen Fitz-Roy email@example.com • Peter Squire firstname.lastname@example.org