General Facts A centre of excellence in Africa — for research and capacity building in insect science and its applications An intergovernmental organization — charter signed by 12 countries worldwide 280 staff total, 35 PhD scientists, visiting scientists and postdocs, 50–70 MSc, PhD students in residence An organization with a unique history — 37 years old, genesis in Africa, for Africa, but pan-tropical mandate
General Facts Africa-focused - Current activities in 24 African countries Collaborative work in Middle East, South America, Asia International HQ in Nairobi Several field stations across Kenya & in Port Sudan, country office in Ethiopia (Rwanda and DRC in ‘07)
General Facts 4H paradigm R&D on human, animal, plant & environmental health Common denominator insects / arthropods
icipe & value chain development Provision of public goods that contribute to value chains, e.g. biological control of a cabbage pest that improves production & enhances marketing potential
icipe & value chain development Development of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and Biological Control Strategies - Reduce agro-pesticide inputs -Improve food security, nutrition,food safety and farmers’ income-Enhance environmental sustainability
icipe & value chain development Support to value chain development through e.g. trainingExamples: (i) Enabling small-holder farmers to meet export production standards (EurepGAP) (ii) Facilitating creation of regional certification body (AfriCert Ltd.)(iii) Economic impact assessment of BC & production standards
icipe & value chain development Value chain development for niche marketsGoals:- Poverty alleviation- Employment creation- Biodiversity & ecosystem conservation
Niche market value chains How to convince a resource poor not too slash a tree? Make him / her benefit from biodiversity! Communities adjacent to biodiversity hotspots like Arabuko-Sokoke forest in Coastal Kenya farm wild butterflies for export to the UK & US
KWSexport permit Butterfly farming icipeinitial facilitation, farmer training, identification of markets Locations Taita, Arabuko, Shimba Butterfly farmers $0.57/ pupae Collection Centers Group representatives $0.64/ pupae Kipepeo 1.43 $/ pupae < 3 days transport DHL & FedEx UK/US distributors 2.14 $/ pupae < 1 day Butterfly exhibitors - 15-20 $/ entrance fee per person
Community apiculture Honey, or the sweet tooth of biodiversity conservation!
Honey bees: products and services Beekeepers Kenya: Mwingi, Arabuko Sokoke, West Pokot, Kakamega Uganda: Hoima Southern Sudan: Maridi Pollination /ecosystem services Increased cashewyields (20–30%) $ 2.57/kg • Collection centers • Grading • Bulking icipeinitial facilitation, farmer & NARS training, identification of markets, quality control & facilitating certification • Marketplaces • Extraction • Processing • Packaging Retail foodstores/ traders $ 4.28/kg Consumer $ 6.40/kg
Conclusions - icipe focus on value chains that are pro-poor and contribute to biodiversity & ecosystem conservation - Diversification crucial for developing economies, i.e. a good mix of mass & niche markets, the latter often providing higher returns(e.g. honey & coffee)- Ameliorating the economic environment: (i) improve infrastructure, (ii) invest in human capital (iii) assure transparency and (iv) don’t forget the environment!