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Chapter 26: Progressive Era

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  1. Chapter 26: Progressive Era

  2. 26.2 Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller Captains of Industry Industry Brings Progress: • Industry brought jobs for everyone • Products were sold at prices people could afford The Benefits of Bigness: • More businesses there are the more will compete • This means prices will be lower on their goods • The strongest and best business will survive and make money Giving Away Wealth: • Carnegie and Rockefeller decided to give their money away • They built hospitals, libraries, and gave money for research

  3. 26.3 Theodore Roosevelt: Trust-Busting President • US past the Sherman Antitrust Act to stop monopolies Breaking a Railroad Trust: • Roosevelt hated monopolies and forced railroads to break apart into smaller companies Trust-Busting Expands: • Roosevelt found that the oil companies were doing illegal transactions • Forced them to separate into smaller companies as well

  4. 26.4 Robert La Folletta: Fighter for Political Reform • Party Bosses would bribe people to vote for certain candidates • They would stuff ballot boxes with fake ballots • Because of this La Folletta wanted the power put into the hands of the people • This made elections equal for all candidates

  5. 26.5 Mother Jones: Champion of Workers’ Rights Child Labor Laws: • Children were forced to work in small and dirty conditions because were the only ones that could fit in those places • Mother Jones fought for their safety • US signed a law against children working Improving Working Conditions: • Women’s work days were shorter • Assistance if you were injured on the job • Better equipment • Maternity leaves

  6. 26.6 John Muir: Protector of his Environment • John Muir moved to the Yosemite Valley • He saw how US was destroying the land and animals there • Fought to protect it • US created the Yosemite National Park • Roosevelt felt the same as Muir so he created many more National Parks

  7. 26.7 W.E.B. Du Bois: Spokesmen for Equal Rights • Was tired of the way that AA were treated • Created the NAACP (The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) • Their goals were not just for equal treatment, but to better the lives of all through education

  8. 26.8 Upton Sinclair: Truth Writer Meatpacking Horrors: • Workers were loosing fingers, falling into cookers, and being killed by acid • Food was old and mixed with rats, sawdust • Nothing was sanitary • Book was published and told Americans all about this Safer Food and Drugs: • President Roosevelt passed laws to better conditions of packaging companies • Meat Inspection Act (meat) • Pure Food and Drug Act (canned goods and prescription drugs)

  9. 26.9 Alice Paul: Heroine of Women’s Rights The New Suffrage Movement: • Alice Paul set up a march to Washington for Women’s Right to Vote Passing the 19th Amendment: • Women did a silent protest outside of the White House • They were arrested for blocking the side walk • Refused to eat in jail (hunger strike) • Released and looked at as heroes • 19th Amendment was finally passed

  10. Questions • What did industry do for people? • Which 2 type of companies did Roosevelt break apart? • Who made elections equal for all people? • Who fought to protect child workers? • How did women’s working conditions improve? • What National Park did John Muir fight to protect? • What were the goals of the NAACP? • What 2 acts were passed to make food and drugs safer? • Who led the march to Washington to gain the woman’s right to vote? • What is the 19th Amendment?