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  1. jdßud¾. bxcsfkare ld¾hd,h"lka;f,a' jdßud¾. fomd¾;fïka;=j shalikamanoj@yahoo.com

  2. c, l<ukdlrKhWater Management B'tï'Yd,slufkdacatalkdhl" ie,iqïYs,am’ shalikamanoj@yahoo.com

  3. f,dal c, Èkh, ud¾;= 22 f;audj(Theme) - c,hiykd.rSlrKh(Water for Cities)

  4. jdßud¾. fomd¾;fïka;=fõfufyjr zzwyiskajefgktl÷qoshì|laj;audkjixy;sfhahym; msKsifhdodf.kñikslrefKauqyqog .,d hdugbvfkdfokq'ZZhkuydmrdl%undyqrc;=udf.a wdo¾Y mdGh .=re fldg .ksñkatuWreuhmßosbvï" c,h" kj ;dCIKh" ñksian,h" hka;% iQ;% wdo’ iïm;aM,odh’ f,iWmfhda.’ lr .ksñkamßirhgys;lrwhqßkabvïtallhlska yd c, tallhlskaWmßu M, fk,d .ek’umsKsi lDIsld¾ñl ksIamdok yd c, .e,’ïmd,khi|yd jdßud¾. fCIa;%h ilia lsÍuyd l<ukdlrKlsÍu jdßud¾. fomd¾;fïka;=fõfufyjrfõ' shalikamanoj@yahoo.com

  5. c,h • P,hPSùSkagke;sjunersiïm;ls.ukq%IH i;aj yd Ydlj, meje;auioydjd;h fukauwjYHwfklaiïm; jkafkac,hhs. c,fhajáskdlufld;rïolsjfyd;ac,hwmgueúhfkdyel. • fidndoyuwmgc,h ,ndfokmuKskaiEySulgm;aùugisÿqfõ. ;dlaIKfhkaf,djfld;rïsoshqKqjqjo wd¾Ól w;skaM,odhsf,ic,hksmoùuglsisfjl=;a ;ju;aiu;aùfkdue;.fïwkqjc,h ms<sn| l;dkaorfhauQ,sl yd tluN+ñldjrÕmdkafkafidndoyunjTngyefÕkafkao? shalikamanoj@yahoo.com

  6. c,hwdYs%; frda. ixj¾Okh fjñkamj;skrgj, mj;skfrda. j,ska 80%muKc,dY%s; frda. fya;=fjkamSvdú|s;s. tfiau ixj¾Okh fjñkamj;skrgj, wm; c,fhka 90%muKuneyerlrkqfha .x.d yd c,dYj,g h.

  7. c, f.da,h mDÒúfhka2/3 u jeiSwe;af;ac,fhks. thska97.5% u we;af;aid.r yd uqyqÿj,hs. ñrsoshc,fhkafndfydauhlañksidg ,ÕdúhfkdyelsO%ejdikak j, whsia yd ysuf,iskamj;S.

  8. msrsisÿc,h miq.shjir 20l ld,h ;=, msrsisÿc,hi|ydb,a¨ufo.=k ù we;. f,dalck.ykfhkaì,shk 1.1l m%udKhlamsrsisÿc,hysÕlñkafmf,a.fuhf,dalck.ylfhka 20% l m%udKhls.

  9. f,dal c, mrsfNdackh

  10. mdkShc,h YrSrfha66%we;af;ac,hhs wjujYfhka2%úsc,khjqjfyd;aTfíls%hdldrS;ajh20%wvqfjs wjujYfhkaosklg j;=r ,Sgr5;amdkh l, hq;=hs shalikamanoj@yahoo.com

  11. c,hwrmsrsueiau o;auoskúgTn;ac,lrduhújD; lr ;nkafkao?taioydTnc,h ,Sgr 5 la wmf;ayrshs tfiafkdlrkafkakïTngwjYHjkafkac,h ,Sgr1/ 4muKs shalikamanoj@yahoo.com

  12. iakdkhi|ydc,h o, jYfhkaiakdkhi|ydc,h ,Sgr 80la muKNdú;dlrhs.kuq;a j;=r u,laNdú;dlrkafkakïtum%udKh ,Sgr 35la muKjknjTnokafkyso?

  13. wkd.;h…… j¾I 2025 muKjkúgf,dalck.ykfhka 75% g muKmsrsisÿc,hwysñjknjgtlai;acd;Skaf.aixúOdkhwkdjels m, lrhs.

  14. mD:sú c, jHdma;sh • mD:súc,fhka2/3 u id.rj,skajeiSmj;skw;rb;srs1/3m%udKhf.dvìufõ.fïksidumDÓú c, m%udKfhka97% lauwe;af;aid.rj,h. b;srs3% jHdma; ù we;af;a; • msysàu m%;sY;h% • whsia l÷ yd mdfjk l=Üá 75 • N+.; c,hwä 250 g wvq 11 • N+.; c,hwä 250 g jeä 14 • ú,a yd fmdl=Kq0.3 • .xÕd0.33 • mfiys f;;ukh0.036 • jdhqf.da,fha c, jdIam0.035 • fïwkqjn,k l, cSùkaf.am%fhdackhioyd ,nd.; yelaflauq¿ c, m%udKfhka 1%g;awvq m%;sY;hls. shalikamanoj@yahoo.com

  15. c, pl%h

  16. c,hwmjgmsgdfõmj;S wmf.aYr’rfha wmf.aksjyfka c,dY,ú,aiy id.r j, f;;a ld<.=Kh

  17. c,højhls,kuq;afjk;awjia:dj,ska o mj;s. leá .ei’fukawhsia njgm;afú WKqiqïùfukajdIam njgm;afú c,hWKqiqïùfukajdIamnjg m;ajkw;risis,aùfukakej; c,hnjgm;afú

  18. ysre,c,h u;=msgWKqiqñlrhs j<dl=¿ nrúfukalvdjefáth j¾Idm;khhs. fuh c, pl%hhs c, jdIamisis,aùfuka j<dl=¿ njgm;afú. c,højhls c,hWKqiqñùu;aiuÕjdIam’lrKhg ,lafú. WKqiqñc,h,jdIamnjgm;afú.th c, jdIamkñfú. wk;=rejthby,gk.S. c,hjdIamùu.

  19. Condensation j¾Idm;kh jdIam’lrKh

  20. Let’s recap….. c,fhaWIaK;ajh by, hdfuka c, jdIamnjgm;afõ c, jdIam by, k.’ c, jdIamisis,aùfuka >k’Njkhgm;afú wk;=rej j¾Idj we;sfú

  21. c, pl%h Condensation j¾Idm;kh jdIam’lrKh fuhks;sm;disÿfú

  22. YS% ,xldfõ c, jHdma;sh • YS% ,xldfõm%Odk c, m%Njhjkafka j¾Idj muKs. • YS% ,xldfõ o< j¾Idm;kh ñ,sógr 2000 ls fudaiïjeis • ksrs; os. fudaiu- f;;a l,dmhg • Bidkos. fudaiu-úh<s l,dmhg • Bidkos. fudaiïiq<x -fkdjeisgfmn (800 ñ.ñ.-3000 ñ.ñ.)udialkakh • ksrs; os. fudaiïiq<x -uehsisg iema;eïn¾ (150 ñ.ñ. 3000 ñ.ñ.) h, lkakh shalikamanoj@yahoo.com

  23. Ys% ,xldfõ c, fødaks 103 ls. Ys% ,xldfõúYd,u .xÕdjuyje,s .Õhs.thls⁄ñ 335 la os. jkw;r j¾. lsñ 10448 la jQOdrd m%foaYhlskahqla; fú. shalikamanoj@yahoo.com

  24. c,dY • rg ;=< fndfydam%foaY j, úh<s ld,hg ,efnk j¾Idj wvqh.mrsirfhaisÿjkW;aiafõokh yd jdIamSlrKfham%n,;djksid oS¾. kshxld, o fya;=fjkafnda. j.djkaf.awiajkqwvqùu yd úkdYùu o isÿfú.úh<s m%foaYj, isÿqjkW;aiafúokh yd jdIamSlrKfhatl;=j fmd<jgm;s; jk j¾Idm;kh o blaujdhhs.fñiñnkaOfhkaukdoekqula Y; j¾I lsysmhlgfmr Ys% ,xldfúmd,lhka g ;snQnjfmfka.fuuoekqum%fhdckhg .;a mqrdKrcorejka yd wkamd,lhkatum%foaYj, c,h /ialr ;eìhyelsúYd,,uOHu, l=vdm%udKfhkac,dY 16000 la muKixLHdjlaboslr we;.. shalikamanoj@yahoo.com

  25. ksYap, c, m%udKuek’u • l=vd c, m%udK ,’grfydañ,s ,’grfyda >k wäj,skaukskq ,nkw;r" úYd, c, m%udKwlalrwäj,skaukskq ,efí' 1 Acft = 0.0123 MCM • .,d hk c, m%udKukskq ,nkafkalshqfilaj,sks' 1 Cusec = 1ft 3 s-1 1 Cumec = 1m 3 s-1 shalikamanoj@yahoo.com

  26. Y%’ ,xldfõm%Odkc,dY c,dYhOdß;dj ^wlalrwä& • fiakdkdhliuqo%h 770"000 • úlafgdaßhdc,dYh 557"400 • rkafoKs., c,dYh 452"100 • udoqreThc,dYh 387"300 • ¨qKq.ïfjfyr 187"000 • fld;auf,ajej 121"500 • lka;f,ac,dYh 114"000 • ñkafkaßhjej 110"000 • mrdl%uiuqo%h 98"000 • l,djej 72"000 shalikamanoj@yahoo.com

  27. c, mßyrKhiy .=Kd;aulwjYH;d • .Dyia: mßyrKhydmdk’hc,h f,dalckixLHdfjkañ,shk 2000 lgwêlixLHdjlgmsßisÿc,hfkd,efí' ;j o wmsßisoqc,hfya;=fjka jd¾Islj ñ,shk 5 l ck;djlac’ú;CIhgm;afõ' • úoq,sn,hksIamdokhi|ydc,h .=re;ajdl¾IK n,hhgf;a by< isg my<g jefgk c, l|laúoq,sckkhka;%hlgiïnkaOjQ g¾nhskhla fj; jeàugie,eiaùfukaúÿq,shksmofõ' shalikamanoj@yahoo.com

  28. c, úoq,sn,d.drhOdß;djh(MW) • ,CImdk50 • b.skshd., 11 • úu,iqf¾kao% 50 • Wvj,j06 • fmd,amsáh75 • kj ,CImdk100 • Wl=fj, 38 • fndaj;ekak40 • lekshka60 • úlafgdaßhd210 • fld;auf,a201 • rkafoKs., 122 • rkagefò49 • iuk, 120 shalikamanoj@yahoo.com

  29. lDIsl¾udka;h i|yd c, mßyrKh lsÍu' • Y%’ ,xldfõ lDIsl¾udka;fha úYd,;u yd m%Odk j.dj jkafka ù j.djhs' thjdßc,h u; mokï ù we;. • osjhsfka ù j.dlrkuq`tìïm%udKhwlalr 1"350"000 • uyd jdßud¾. .Khg yd jd'fo' u`.skakv;a;= lrkìïm%udKhwlalr 650"000 ls' • uyje,sjHdmdrhu`.skawlalr 250"000 ls' • iq`t jdßud¾. wlalr 3000 ls' shalikamanoj@yahoo.com

  30. o< jYfhkawyiaosfhkamuKlaj.dlrkìïm%udKhwlalr 150"000 ls' • wlalr 1000g jeäjdßjHdmdr - uyd jdßud¾. • wlalr 1000g wvqyd 200g jeäjdßjHdmdr - uOHu jdßud¾. • wlalr 200g wvqjdßjHdmdr - iq`t jdßud¾. shalikamanoj@yahoo.com

  31. jdßud¾. moaO;s ilia lsÍfï o’ Ndú;d lrk úúO l%u' • .=re;aj jdßud¾. moaO;s (Gravity Irrigation Schemes) • Wiaidk jdßud¾. moaO;s (Lift Irrigation Schemes) • úisreï jdßud¾. moaO;s (Sprinkler Irrigation System) • jEiaiqï jdßud¾. moaO;s (Drip Irrigation System) shalikamanoj@yahoo.com

  32. jdßud¾. jHdmdrhluQ,ia:dh’ wxf.damdx. • c,dYh (Reservoir) • c, msúiqï ud¾. (Inlet canal) • fõ,a, (Dam) • wuqK(Anicut) • msgjdk (Spill) • r,mkdj(Riprap) • c, fmrkhyd c, ldKq(Water filter & Drains) • ;K msve,swe,a,’u(Turfing) • jeõneïfïwdrCIs; WmlrK(Monitoring equipments) • fidfrdõj(Sluice) shalikamanoj@yahoo.com

  33. jdßud¾. moaO;sh • m%Odk we, • fnoqï we, • fl;a we, • c,dmjyk we, shalikamanoj@yahoo.com

  34. msgjdk (Spill)

  35. msgjdk (Spill)

  36. jdßud¾. we, moaO;’kaysolakg ,efnk ks¾ñ; • nei’ï(Drop) • ihsmk(Syphon) • md,ï(Bridge or Culvert) • Wvmekakqï(Over crossing) • hámekakqï(Under Crossing) • uÜgïmekakqï(Level Crossing) • we,jdk (Canal Spill) • c, yeiqreïf.aÜgq(Regulator) • iemhqïf.aÜgq • c, uekqï ks¾ñ; shalikamanoj@yahoo.com

  37. .eg¿ shalikamanoj@yahoo.com

  38. Tn ,nd.;a oekqfuka Tfí;arfÜ;aoshqKqjWfoid hïm%h;akhlaoeÍug TngYla;shla ,enqKdkï thwmf.aW;aiyfha m%;sM,hhs' shalikamanoj@yahoo.com

  39. Tnieugia;=;shs æ