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Professional Nursing

Professional Nursing

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Professional Nursing

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  1. Professional Nursing Dr. Sharon Johnson

  2. Definition of Professionalism • A profession is any job where you need specialized knowledge and training. Nursing combines science and technology with people skills like: communication, problem solving, teaching, and compassion. choosenursing.com

  3. Definition of Nursing • Nurses’ unique function is to help individuals, both sick and well, perform activities that contribute to their health or recovery (or facilitate a peaceful death) that they would perform unaided if they had the necessary strength, will, or knowledge, and to accomplish this function in such a way as to help individuals gain independence. V. Henderson, 1960

  4. ANA Definition of Nursing • Nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering though the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities and populations. ANA, 2003

  5. Honesty / Ethics in Professions

  6. Characteristics of a Profession • Requires an extended education of its members • Has a theoretical body of knowledge leading to skills, abilities and norms- Based on a scientific foundation • Provides a specific service • Maintains autonomy in decision making and practice • Has a code of ethics

  7. Founder of Modern Nursing • Florence Nightingale • Wrote 147 books Her statistical report of the health improvements brought about by nursing care were in 1000 pages • Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross

  8. Foundation of Nursing • Theories of nursing • Scientific knowledge • Relevance to basic social values • Professional autonomy • A sense of commitment • A sense of community • A code of ethics

  9. Nursing Practice • Nurse Practice Acts & Licensure • Board of Registered Nursing • www.rn.ca.gov • Certification • Specialty organizations • American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) • www.nursecredentialing.org • Based on Organizational Standards of Care

  10. Characteristics of Expert Clinical Practice • Application of knowledge and clinical expertise • Expertise to interpret clinical situations and make complex decisions • Critical thinking is essential and on going • Life long learning is essential due to the continuing changes in nursing knowledge • Experts practice evidence based nursing care.

  11. Education • Associates Degree 3-4 years • Baccalaureate Degree 5-6 years • Masters Degree 1-2 years • Nursing Education • Nurse Practitioner • Clinical Nurse Specialist • Nurse Anesthetist • Nurse Midwife • Nursing Administration • PhD/ DNS/EdD 4-8 years

  12. Societal Influence on Nursing • Demographic changes • Women’s health issues • Human rights movement • Medically underserved populations • Threat of bioterrorism

  13. Issues in Health Care Delivery • Rising health care costs • Evidence based practice • Nursing and biomedical research • Nursing shortage

  14. Professional Nursing Organizations • American Nurses Association • National League for Nursing • American Association of Colleges of Nursing • International Council of Nursing • National Student Nurses Association • Specialty Organizations

  15. Advanced Nursing Roles • Nurse administrator/manager • Nurse education • Nurse practitioner • Nurse anesthetist • Nurse midwife • Nurse researcher

  16. Future Trends in Nursing • Expansion of nursing opportunities • Public perception of nursing • Nursing’s impact on politics and health policy

  17. A Nurse I am A Cherokee Film By David Hoffman

  18. Discuss the Following Topics • Get to Know Your Patients • Communicate • Provide Information • Help to Cope • Be Multidimensional • Care for Yourself

  19. Summary