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Real men don´t buy sex

Real men don´t buy sex

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Real men don´t buy sex

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  1. Prevention of sexual exploitation - challenging the demand side Real men don´t buy sex Lars Back Budapest No I

  2. Prevention of sexual exploitation - challenging the demand side • 1878 Sweden member of “The International Abolitionist Federation” • National surveys about prostitution in Sweden: 1977 - 1981 (Prostitutionen i Sverige - SOU 1981:71) 1993 - 1995 (Könshandeln SOU 1995:15) 1995 – 1998 (Kvinnofrid SOU 1995:60) • Women movements both within the political parties and the parliament and without. “Two front strategy” In reality this two parallel movements reach some important results. Men within the power centres were terrified. Lars Back Budapest No II

  3. Prevention of sexual exploitation - challenging the demand side The total number of prostitutes in Sweden (1993) was estimated at around 2,500 people (8 million inhabitants). In Holland, whose population (16 million inhabitants) was twice that of Sweden, the number was about 20 000. Source: (SOU 1995:15) At the Swedish Socialdemocratic (Labour) Party Congress in 1997, in the City of Sundsvall, the Women League made a proposal about a new legislation. After a voting they won and the first step to criminalize the buyers (“the Johns”) was taken. Lars Back Budapest No III

  4. Prevention of sexual exploitation - challenging the demand side The Swedish Parliament voting at the 29th of May 1998 Mom. 16 (prohibiting the purchase of sexual services) Main Voting: *181 of the Committee * 92 reservation no 10 * 13 abstained * 63 absent   The House approved the committee's request.   By party breakdown of the votes:   For the Committee: 133 s (labour), 19 c (center), 2 fp (liberal), 15 v (left), 12 mp (green)  For res. 10: 1 s, 73 m (conservativ), 1 c, 16 fp, 1 v   Abstained: 1 s, 1 fp, 1 mp, 10 kd (christian democr.)  Absent: 26 s, 7 m, 7 c, 7 fp, 6 v, 5 mp, 5 kd Lars Back Budapest No IV

  5. Prevention of sexual exploitation - challenging the demand side The proposal was presented in Bill 1997/98: 55 The 1st of January 1999 - SFS 1998:408 prohibiting the purchase of sexual services It expired on April 1st 2005 when the SFS 2005:90 took effect, whereby the above provision introduced directly into the Penal Code sixth chapter. §11. Whoever, except in the event referred to advance in this chapter, obtain a temporary sexual relationship for remuneration, convicted for the purchase of sexual services by a fine or imprisonment up to six months. Lars Back Budapest No V

  6. Prevention of sexual exploitation - challenging the demand side ”At a crackdown in Sweden generally never more than 3-4 women are found at the same time. From telephone interception it appears that the stream of sex buyers is not often as large as desired by the pimps. A probable explanation is that the law relating to purchase of sexual services works like a barrier as to the establishment of trafficking in human beings in Sweden.” Source: Trafficking in human beings for sexual purposes Situation report no. 8 January 1 - December 31, 2005 National Criminal Police - Criminal Intelligence and Investigation Division - RKP KUT RAPPORT 2006:4b Lars Back Budapest No VI

  7. Prevention of sexual exploitation - challenging the demand side • In addition to the class structure that exists in today's society, there are other parallel structures which ranks individuals and groups. • These structures are both formal and informal. The most obvious of these is the gender structure that exists and which is disassembled and segregated the sexes, men and women. • It tells us: that men are the norm, women exception that men are superior, women subordinate to men has great power, women little power. Lars Back Budapest No VII

  8. Prevention of sexual exploitation - challenging the demand side • Therefore I would like to remind all of us that the underlying causes of trafficking and prostitution is • a patriarchal society, • poverty due to unequal allocation of resources between men and women, • other forms of social and economic differences between men and women, • the feminisation of poverty. This is particularly evident in the former Eastern Europe. Too often, this is a result of the initiatives and proposals from the western extreme neo-liberal advisers and institutions, • rape, sexual abuse, incest and violence. Lars Back Budapest No VIII

  9. Prevention of sexual exploitation - challenging the demand side I know that some countries have or are planning to legalise prostitution. This is to give up and lie flat for the international sex industry pressure, I feel. I am convinced that these countries will not be able to work successfully against international sex trafficking. Not least against the background that the majority of prostitutes in countries such as the Netherlands and Germany, originally from human trafficking. Lars Back Budapest No IX

  10. Prevention of sexual exploitation - challenging the demand side • Questions that can be asked is: • Should a democratic state legalise men's sexual • exploitation of women? • Does this not mean that the State Government and • the Parliament says that it is okay, that is right, that • women's and children's bodies can be marketed as • any goods? • Does not this mean that the state ultimately act like a • pimp by taking up the tax and profit from the sex-trade? Lars Back Budapest No X

  11. Prevention of sexual exploitation - challenging the demand side Reported Crimes in 2006 - The whole country Procuring inc. roughly 58 The purchasing of sex Crime 162 Trafficking (all forms) 37 Source: Trafficking in human beings for sexual purposes Situation report no. 9 January 1 - December 31, 2006 National Criminal Police - Criminal Intelligence and Investigation Division - RKP KUT RAPPORT 2007:6 Lars Back Budapest No XI

  12. Prevention of sexual exploitation - challenging the demand side Men and Women who had bought sex CountryMen%Women%YearSource Denmark 14 - 2005 Lautrup, 2005 Finland 14 - 2001 Haavio, Mannila, 2001 Norway 13 - 2002 Traeen, 2002 Iceland 7,3 - 1998 Haraldsdóttir, 1998 Sweden 13,6 - 1996 Mansson, 1996 Sweden 7,6 - 2008 Kuosmanen, 2008 Source: Jari Kuosmanen 2008, soc. scientist Gothenburg University Lars Back Budapest No XII

  13. Prevention of sexual exploitation - challenging the demand side Keep the legislation that prohibiting the purchase of sexual services OpinionMen%Women%Total% Yes 59,9 78,7 70,7 No 26,6 11,5 18,0 No opinion 13,5 9,7 11,4 Total 100,0 100,0 100.0 Source: Jari Kuosmanen 2008 Lars Back Budapest No XIII

  14. Prevention of sexual exploitation - challenging the demand side Real men don´t buy sex Lars Back Budapest No XiV