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Dedicated Short Range Communication

Dedicated Short Range Communication. What is DSRC?. A short to medium range communications service Aimed as a replacement to the 802.11 wireless standards 802.11 a – Operates at 5 GHz

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Dedicated Short Range Communication

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  1. Dedicated Short Range Communication

  2. What is DSRC? • A short to medium range communications service • Aimed as a replacement to the 802.11 wireless standards • 802.11 a – Operates at 5 GHz • 802.11 b/g – Operates at 2.4 GHz – Bandwidth of (11 / 52 Mbps respectively) – Interference with Microwave/Bluetooth • Older DSRC systems such as toll tags operate in the 900 MHz spectrum • No standard, several proprietary systems are in place • FCC has authorized 75 MHz of spectrum from 5.850 to 5.925 GHz for DSRC (incl. Canada and Mexico) • Standardization, Interoperability • Europe and Japan use the 5.8 GHz spectrum • European organization – CEN – Different Physical and MAC layer standards • Japan – ARIB T55

  3. DSRC Overview • Supports both Public Safety and Private operations • Both roadside to vehicle and vehicle to vehicle communication environments • Meant to be a complement to cellular communications • provides very high data transfer rates and minimal latency • Range – upto 1000 m • Data Rate – 6 to 27 Mbps • Channels – 7 Licensed Channels

  4. DSRC • Key Issue – QoS – Prioritization of Safety messages • If a neighboring car is in the middle of a streaming movie application, and I need to communicate about an accident, how to prioritize the message? • DSRC has 1 control channel and other service channels. Safety messages are expected to use the control channel

  5. DSRC Overview • ASTM 17.51 – the DSRC Standards Committee • Underlying radio technology for DSRC applications • 802.11a – Originally proposed standard • 802.11p – aka Wireless Access for the Vehicular Environment (WAVE) • defines enhancements to 802.11 required to support Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) applications • Formal standard is scheduled to be published in Jan 2007

  6. Alternatives to 802.11p • 802.20 - http://www.ieee802.org/20/ • Different Frequency band – 3.5 Ghz • Designed for mobile broadband wireless access systems • Optimized for IP-data transport • Supports mobility upto 250 kmph • Peak data rate per user > 1 Mbps • 802.16 – WiMAX – MAN (Point to Multipoint) • 802.15 – PANs (Bluetooth, ZigBee)

  7. ISO TC204 WG16 CALM M5 Architecture

  8. DSRC Protocol Stack • P1609.1, Resource Manager • P1609.2, Application Services • P1609.3, IP Network Services • P1609.4, Medium Access Control (MAC) Extension Services • [Vehicle Safety Data Dictionary/Message Sets (SAE)]

  9. IEEE P1609.1 Scope • Modified version of the Resource Manager standard originally defined in IEEE Std 1455-1999 • P1609 Resource Manager supports DSRC applications using the IEEE 802.11a communication technology

  10. IEEE P1609.2 Scope • An Application Services (Layer 7) standard for 5.9 GHz DSRC applications • Supports several protocol stacks, including one representing traditional DSRC systems, TCP/IP, and streaming audio/video • Describes interfaces with the lower layer standards being developed by ASTM

  11. IEEE P1609.3 Scope • Defines interfaces between the multiple communication stacks and the lower layer services of ASTM 2213-02 (IEEE 802.11a R/A) • Support multiple protocol stacks, one for the traditional DSRC, one for streaming audio/video, and another for TCP/IP • The North American DSRC Architecture is evolving

  12. IEEE P1609.4 Scope • Standard for the Media Access Control Extension sub-layer (Layer 2) that defines interfaces between these multiple applications and communication stacks that interface with ASTM 2213-02 (IEEE 802.11a) • Interface with the public safety applications community through National Public Safety Telecommunication Council (NPSTC) • NPSTC cooperation is expected to result in potential use of the ITS Radio (DSRC) by ITS and public safety

  13. IEEE DSRC DD/MST • Standardization of the Data Dictionary and Message Set (DD/MS) definitions • DD/MST was present in IEEE Standard 1455-1999, being ported to 5.9 GHz DSRC standards • Auto manufacturers - on-board vehicle safety messages – need for standardization

  14. References • DSRC http://www.leearmstrong.com/DSRC/DSRCHomeset.htm • IEEE 802.11 Task Group status http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/802/11/Reports/tgp_update.htm • AMI-C http://www.ami-c.org • NPSTC http://www.npstc.org

  15. Brake-light communication system • Related work • Performance Evaluation of Safety Applications over DSRC Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks , VANET 2004. Based on simulations, no real hardware. • Few other papers from PATH, Europe, etc.

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