Introduction of the National Radiation Safety Management System of Nuclear Technology Utilization (NRSMS) Nuclear and Radiation Safety Center, Ministry of Environmental Protection(MEP), CHINA 2017-3-20
Content • 1. General Introduction of Safety Supervision on Radiation Sources • 2.Development Process of NRSMS • 3.Composition and Structure of NRSMS • 4.Using Condition • 5.Operation Effect
1. General Introduction • The Chinese government attaches great importance to the work of radioactive sources safety and security, pays active support to participate in the international events in the field of radioactive sources safety, and keeps close attention to the radioactive source safety and security policies from the international society. • At present, the supervision and administration of China on radioactive sources safety and security has basically met with the standards and codes for radioactive sources safety and security of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and developed the broad communication and cooperation with the international organizations such as IAEA and the other countries in the world under the principle of transparent and fair policies for the radioactive sources safety and security.
1.1 Chinese Policies on Radiation Sources Safety and Security Law Regulations by State Council Department Rules by MEP Safety Guides Technical Documents Structure of Chinese Legal Framework
1.1 Chinese Policies on Radiation Sources Safety and Security—LAW “Law on Prevention and Control of Radioactive Pollution” In 2004, the Chinese government made a commitment to IAEA to strictly abide the Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources. Approved by Congress in 2003 First law on radiation safety Authorized MEP to implement the unified regulations on prevention and control of radioactive pollution in whole country Applicable to all activities related to radioactive sources • Manufacture, import and export, sale, use, transportation, storage and disposal
1.1 Chinese Policies on Radiation Sources Safety and Security—Regulations “Regulations on Radiation Protection for Radioisotope and Irradiation apparatus” Approved by the State Council in 2005 Regulation No. 449 Prescribe to implement licensing system to the nuclear technology utilization organizations; And manage the radioactive sources from cradle to tomb full-course and retrievable. Such as manufacture, distribution, export, import, use, transportation, disposal of radiation sources
1.2 Life Cycle Regulation on Sources Categorization management Hierarchy management Coding radiation sources Approval and record system for radiation sources
1.2.1Categorization Management MEP has published Methodology of Radiation Sources Categorization which is equivalently adopted from IAEA Categorization of Radiation Sources, grading radiation sources as categories I, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ and Ⅴ，under the minimum activity of level Ⅴ being the exemption activity of the radionuclide, according to its potential hazards to human health and the environment.
1.2.2Hierarchy Management “Two-level approval” and “Four-level Inspection” Producing radioisotopes and selling/using radiation sources of category I should be authorized by MEP (except for medical using radiation sources of category I); organizations which use radiation sources of othercategories should beauthorized by environmental protection departments ofprovincial level. The regular supervision is performed by environmental protection departments of state, provincial, municipal and county level according to their responsibilities respectively.
1.2.3Coding Radiation Sources Coding Rule is made to specify each radioactive source having a unique code, which is composed of 12 numbers and letters, standing respectively for manufacturers (or production countries), year of manufacture, nuclide, production serial number and category. Radioactive sources codes are required to be filled in code cards. Code cards must accompany radioactive source in all of the processes from production to disposal. When radioactive source is transferred, its code card goes along with it.
1.2.3Coding radiation sources Co-60, Date in produce--2002, Categorization--IV Import source: US02CO000014 Domestic source: 0102CO000014
1.2.4Approval and record system The 3th rule of MEP is one of the important rules, stipulates the approval and record system about import, export and transfer radiation source. The 18th rule of MEP is also the important rules, stipulate the exemption , disposal and reuse regulation about radiation source.
Characteristic of Chinese radiation source utilization Multi-types, large-amount, and widely-spreading Widely applied in all fields of social life such as industry, agriculture, medical treatment, scientific research, and education, etc. Activities concerning about 31 provinces nationwide. How to enforce the regulation and resolve the above mentioned problem ? CALL FOR a nationwide used Management System——National Radiation Safety Management System of Nuclear Technology Utilization (NRSMS)
2015 2010 2007 • All-round Upgrading (in December) 2004 • Using and operating • Designed and developed the NRSMS • Used RAIS 2.Development Process Accomplish and use 2017
National Radiation Safety Application System of Nuclear Technology Utilization National Radiation Safety Supervision System of Nuclear Technology Utilization User：Departments of environmental protection at various levels via VPN log in User：Nuclear Technology Utilization Units http://rr.mep.gov.cn 3.Composition and Structure National Radiation Safety Management System of Nuclear Technology Utilization(NRSMS)
3.2 Life cycle of the sealed sources Recycle and put on record by the supervisor Repository Production units 销售 Product Recycle Life cycle of the sealed source, ‘From womb to tomb’ Put on record by the supervisor of the tow provine(in and out) Sale and Transfer 销 售 User B User A Sale and Transfer Approval and put on record by the supervisor Other Province Approval and put on record by the supervisor Use • 17
3.4 Function of Application System Home page License relative application Sealed source relative application Unsealed radioactive material relative application System management
Unit Management Production Unit Management License Management Repository Management Radioisotope Management Statistics Supervision and Enforcement System management Radiation-emitting Devices Knowledge Base 3.6 Function of Supervision System
ID count Page view Application System 69,247 3,275,000 Supervision System 2,305,000 2,590 4. Using Condition（up to 2016-12-31）
Amount Unit 1.Nuclear Technology Utilization Unit - about 67,000 2.Sealed source - about 126,000 3.Radiation-emitting Device - about 150,000 Source Device 4.Using Condition（up to2016-12-31）
4.Using Condition（In 2016） Import: Approval amount about 800, 32 kinds of nuclide , source amount about 5,000 Record source amount about 2,900 Export: Approval amount about 8,400, 18 kinds of nuclide , source amount about 1,700 Record source amount about 900
4.Using Condition（In 2016） Sale and transfer: Approval amount about 2,300, source amount about 17,000 Record source amount about 11,000 Produce: Radiationsource amount about 6,000 Disposal: Radiationsource amount about 7,500 (except for the return to the exporters)
5. Operation Effect • Being able to dynamically track and regulate the production, sale, transfer, import & export, use and disposal during the whole process of radioactive sources • Realizing the regulation of nuclear technology utilization in China via internet in dynamic and scientific manner • Working as a platform of radiation safety regulation for departments of environmental protection at various levels and of application for licenses and transfer 26