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High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

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High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

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  1. High Blood Pressure(Hypertension)

  2. Blood Pressure Top number (systolic) -measures the force of blood on arteries when the heart beats 120/80 Bottom number (diastolic) - measures force of blood on arteries between beats

  3. What Is High Blood Pressure? • Blood pressure that stays elevated • more than 140/90 • more than 130/80 if you have: • diabetes • mild kidney disease • heart disease

  4. Effects of High Blood Pressure on Your Body Artery Damage

  5. Hardening of the arteries Stroke Heart attack Kidney damage Blindness Effects of High Blood Pressure on Your Body

  6. Signs and Symptoms • Called the “silent killer” because most people have no signs or symptoms • Headaches, nosebleeds, and dizziness don’t occur until blood pressure is dangerously high

  7. Causes of High Blood Pressure • Usually unknown • Narrowing of the arteries • Fast heart rate • Kidney disease • Medications • Thyroid disease

  8. Who Gets High Blood Pressure? • African Americans more than whites • People who: • are older • are overweight • have high blood pressure in the family

  9. How Do You Know If You Have High Blood Pressure? • Have your blood pressure checked at least every two years • Blood pressure varies during the day • At least 3 readings on different days are needed to diagnose high blood pressure

  10. Controlling Your Blood Pressure • Lifestyle Changes • Healthy eating plan • Limit sodium • Achieve a healthy weight • Exercise/physical activity • even without weight loss

  11. Controlling Your Blood Pressure • Lifestyle Changes • Don’t smoke • Limit alcohol • Manage stress

  12. Follow a Healthy Eating Plan • Eat more fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy foods • Include whole grains, poultry, fish and nuts • Eat less fat, red meat, sweets and sugared beverages

  13. Limit Sodium and Salt • Research shows that eating less sodium and salt lowers blood pressure • Lower your sodium intake by: • Eating out less often • Buying fresh, frozen or unsalted canned foods • Choosing foods with less than 400 mg/serving • Buying low- or reduced-sodium, or no salt added foods • Using less salt

  14. Get Enough Potassium • Potassium helps lower blood pressure • Helps balance the amount of sodium in your body • If you don’t get enough potassium, you can accumulate too much sodium • Foods high in potassium include: • Fruits, vegetables, dairy foods, and fish

  15. Lose Weight if Overweight • Bigger people need more blood to supply nutrients to the body • Losing even 10 pounds can lower blood pressure

  16. Be Physically Active • Inactivity increases your risk of being overweight • Heart muscles have to work harder with each contraction, increasing the force on the arteries • Walking 30 minutes a day helps lower blood pressure

  17. Stop Smoking • Smoking damages blood vessel walls and causes early hardening of the arteries • Nicotine narrows your blood vessels and forces your heart to work harder

  18. Limit Alcohol • Heavy drinking (3 or more drinks/day) can damage your heart muscle • Cutting back to a moderate level of drinking can lower your blood pressure • no more than 2 drinks a day for men • no more than 1 drink a day for women

  19. Manage Stress • High levels of stress can temporarily cause a dramatic increase in blood pressure • Develop relaxation techniques to deal with stress

  20. Blood Pressure Medications • Lower blood pressure in many different ways • More than one type may be needed • diuretics • beta-blockers • ACE-inhibitors • calcium channel blockers

  21. Points to Remember • Lifestyle changes that can prevent and control high blood pressure include: • Healthy eating - emphasizing fruits, vegetables and low-fat dairy foods • Choosing and preparing foods with less salt and sodium • Losing weight if overweight • Increasing physical activity • Drinking in moderation if you drink alcoholic beverages

  22. Breakfast Hardee’s Sausage and Cheese Biscuit Lunch Smoked turkey and American cheese sandwich Canned vegetable soup Potato chips Dinner Rotisserie chicken Canned green beans with cream of mushroom soup and onion rings Instant mashed potatoes Cornbread List alternatives for these high-sodium foods