The following 10 slides represent a Sample Preview from this Training Presentation The complete “OSHA 600” based PowerPoint Presentation is available for subscribers to EH&S Manager Online. © 2003 Seton Identification Products
WALKING AND WORKING SURFACES General Requirements Guarding Floor and Wall Openings and Holes Fixed Industrial Stairs Portable Ladders Fixed Ladders Safety Requirements for Scaffolding Manually Propelled Mobile Ladders, Stands, and Scaffolds (Towers) Other Working Surfaces.
Introduction • Slips, trips, and falls constitute the majority of general industry accidents. They cause 15% of all accidental deaths, and are second only to motor vehicles as a cause of fatalities. • The OSHA standard for walking and working surfaces applies to all permanent places of employment, except where domestic, mining, or agricultural work is performed. © 2003 Seton Identification Products
Introduction • This module covers the following sections: • General Requirements • Guarding Floor and Wall Openings and Holes • Fixed Industrial Stairs • Portable Ladders • Fixed Ladders • Safety Requirements for Scaffolding • Manually Propelled Mobile Ladders, Stands, and Scaffolds (Towers) • Other Working Surfaces. © 2003 Seton Identification Products
Objectives • At the end of this Walking and Working Surfaces module, you should be able to: • Identify the most commonly cited violations • Understand how to guard against wall and floor openings and holes • Understand the limitations of fixed industrial stairs and fixed ladders • Understand the limitations of ladders and scaffolds. © 2003 Seton Identification Products
General Requirements • The General Requirements section is based on CFR 1910.22. It contains four topics. These topics are listed on the left. • In this section, each topic is presented with guidance information so that you will be able to prevent accidents and promote your general health and safety during work activities. © 2003 Seton Identification Products
Housekeeping • Some of the most frequently cited violations in Subpart D involve housekeeping. • All places of employment, passageways, storerooms, and service rooms shall be kept clean and orderly and in a sanitary condition. • The floor of every workroom shall be maintained in a clean and, so far as possible, a dry condition. © 2003 Seton Identification Products
Housekeeping • Where wet processes are used, drainage shall be maintained and gratings, mats, or raised platforms shall be provided. • Every floor, working place, and passageway shall be kept free from protruding nails, splinters, holes, or loose boards. © 2003 Seton Identification Products
Aisles and Passageways • Specifications for aisles and passageways are detailed in 1910.22. Some of the requirements are listed here. • Aisles and passageways shall be kept clear and in good repair with no obstruction across or in aisles that could create a hazard. • Permanent aisles and passageways shall be appropriately marked. • Aisles shall be sufficiently wide for use of mechanical handling equipment. Improper aisle widths coupled with poor housekeeping and vehicle traffic can: • Cause injury to employees • Cause damage to the equipment and material • Limit egress in emergencies. © 2003 Seton Identification Products
Covers and Guardrails • Clean and orderly work areas are only a start. Covers and guardrails are very important for safety. • Listed here are some hazardous areas where covers and guardrails are required: • Open pits • Tanks • Vats • Ditches. © 2003 Seton Identification Products
Floor Loading Protection • Employees must know how much weight a surface can support and be responsible for not overloading it. Load rating limits will be posted and must be followed. • The law states: • "Load rating limits shall be marked on plates and conspicuously posted. It shall be unlawful to place, or cause, or permit to be placed, on any floor or roof of a building or other structure, a load greater than that for which such floor or roof is approved." © 2003 Seton Identification Products
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