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Global Corruption Barometer 2010 Dhaka 9 December 2010. TI Global Corruption Barometer 2010. Contents The Barometer: What is it? What for? Topics covered Methodology Country/Regional coverage Findings Key Messages. Measuring Corruption. Transparency International Tools
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Global Corruption Barometer 2010 Dhaka 9 December 2010
TI Global Corruption Barometer 2010 Contents • The Barometer: What is it? What for? • Topics covered • Methodology • Country/Regional coverage • Findings • Key Messages
Measuring Corruption • Transparency International Tools • Corruption Perceptions Index – international ranking (score) based on Survey of Surveys on perceptions of business, business analysts, investors, investment analysts and country specialists on political and administrative corruption. • Global Corruption Report – Annual Report based on research by international and country experts on a selected theme, e.g., Environment (2010), Private Sector (2009) Water (2008), Judiciary, Education, Health, etc • Bribe Payers Index – Measure of bribe-paying by foreign firms in countries of destination • Global Corruption Barometer - survey of public attitudes toward and experience of corruption
What is the Barometer 2010? • The biggest worldwide public opinion survey on perceptions and experiences of corruption - Seven editions since 2003 What is the Barometer for? • To complement CPI, BPI, GCR • To offer an overview of the people’s experience of corruption and their views on corruption. • To comprehend the extent to which key public agencies are perceived to be corrupt • Indicate priorities for reform and goals for advocacy (this year added questions on people’s willingness to stand up to corruption). • To trigger demand for more in-depth analyses.
GCB-2010: Topics covered • People’s perceptions about corruption in key sectors. • How respondents rate their government in the fight against corruption. • People’s experiences with bribery when interacting with different public services & reasons to pay bribes. • Changes in corruption levels in the past 3 years, as perceived by the general public (where applicable). • Whom does the public trust the most to fight corruption in their country. • People’s attitudes towards the fight against corruption and towards reporting a corruption incident.
GCB-2010: Respondents • 91,781 people in 86 countries– Biggest coverage ever • Men and women aged 16+ • Most samples are national. However in 14 countries samples are urban only. • All samples have been weighted to ensure that they are representative of national and global populations. • New countries in 2010: Australia, Bangladesh, China, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu • Survey reference period: June 2009-May 2010 except on a few questions
Sampling Design and process - Bangladesh Sampling Techniques • Multi-stage Stratified Cluster Sampling (Probability sampling) with the help of Integrated Multi-purpose Sampling Frame (IMPS) of Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS). • Total PSUs selected in 64 districts -300 • Total sample size 1049 • Data collection period: June 9 - July 20, 2010 • Global Margin of Error +/- 2.18% to 4.40% Steps in selecting respondents- • First stage - Random PSU selection from each of 16 strata • Second stage – Creation of random block of 200 HHs in each PSU • Third stage – Systematic selection ( in a 10 HHs interval) of 20 • Fourth stage – select 4 hhs from urban & 3 from rural • Fifth stage – Random selection of household member as respondent (age 18+) using Kish Grid technique.
GCB-2010: Key Findings • Corruption levels around the world are seen by the general public as increasing over the past three years. • Political parties are identified as the most corrupt institution around the world. • Experience of petty bribery with different service providers is widespread • The police is identified as the most frequent collectors of bribes in the past 12 months. • The reason most often given for paying a bribe is ‘to avoid a problem with the authorities’.
GCB-2010: Key Findings (contd) • Across the world, one in two considers their government’s actions to be ineffective to stop corruption. • People have little trust in formal institutions to fight corruption: one in four persons worldwide does not trust any particular institution to be capable “most of all” to fight corruption. • People are willing to report on corruption when it occurs • There is significant belief that the public has a role to stop corruption
Percentages of Respondents who experienced petty corruption in last 12 months: Globally, Regionally, in Bangladesh
Percentage of respondents who experienced petty bribery: globally and in South Asia countries
Political parties, Parliament & Policeviewed as the most corrupt institution globally Source: Transparency International Global Corruption Barometer 2004 and 2010. Percentages are weighted.
Bangladesh: Police, Public Officials, Political Parties & Judiciary perceived as most corrupt
Police is the public institution seen to most frequently collect bribes Source: Transparency International Global Corruption Barometer 2010. Percentages are weighted.
Police, Judiciary, Land services, License & Permit, Utilities are the key collectors of petty bribery: Global, Asia-Pacific and Bangladesh
Bribery: the poor are the most victims Source: Transparency International Global Corruption Barometer 2010. Percentages are weighted.
Reasons why people pay bribe: Globally and in Bangladesh
Effectiveness of Government’s efforts to fight corruption Source: Transparency International Global Corruption Barometer 2010. Percentages are weighted.
Percentage of people who believe in the Government’s capacity to fight corruption:Globally, Regionally and in Bangladesh
Whom do people trust more to fight corruption? Globally and in Bangladesh
Bangladesh Role of people in the fight against corruption Globally and in Bangladesh
Key messages • Corruption on the rise according to people, but more people think so in Europe and North America • Petty bribery steady, with the poor hardest hit. • More people pay bribes to the police than any of the nine public services covered • People are willing to stand up to corruption – one in seven people said they would report corruption • Need to mobilise this willingness to fight corruption • Trust must be restored in key institutions – political parties, parliament, police, public service, judiciary • Primacy of the political commitment