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Identifica ción y descripción de personas

Identifica ción y descripción de personas

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Identifica ción y descripción de personas

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  1. Identificación y descripción de personas Mosaicos, pp. 9 and 10

  2. How much Spanish do you know?

  3. Cognates • You may know more Spanish than you think! • For example, you can already recognize the meaning of some Spanish words that look like their English counterparts. These words are called “cognates.” • Examples: pizza (pizza), restaurante (restaurant), pasaporte (passport).

  4. Cognates (cont.) • Malena is studying Spanish. • Can you help her translate Spanish cognates into English? • First, we will learn cognates that use the same form for both masculine and feminine gender.

  5. Modelo 1: arrogante = arrogant

  6. Modelo 2: competente = competent

  7. As you see, Spanish words that end in –ante or –ente correspond to English words that end in –ant or –ent: importante = important independiente= independent

  8. Now, follow this simple rule to find the English equivalent to these Spanish words.

  9. eficiente elegante inteligente valiente

  10. eficiente = efficient elegante = elegant inteligente = intelligent valiente = valiant

  11. Some words are a bit different… paciente interesante

  12. Some words are a bit different… paciente = patient interesante = interesting

  13. Spanish words ending in –ista = English words ending in –istic / -ist: idealista = idealistic perfeccionista= perfectionist

  14. Now, follow this simple rule to find the English equivalent to these Spanish words

  15. materialista pesimista optimista

  16. materialista = materialistic pesimista = pessimistic optimista = optimistic

  17. Spanish words ending in -cial correspond to English words ending in –tial: (im)parcial = (im)partial

  18. Spanish words ending in -cional correspond to English words ending in –tional: tradicional = traditional

  19. In some cases, there is no rule but Spanish and English words are still very similar: rebelde = rebel responsable = responsible

  20. In other cases, Spanish words look exactly the same as their English translation: popular = popular terrible = terrible sentimental = sentimental

  21. Let’s learn more cognates related to two friends of Malena: David and John.

  22. David es… extrovertido romántico tranquilo

  23. David es… extrovertido= extroverted romántico= romantic tranquilo= tranquil

  24. David también (also) es… atlético moderno tímido

  25. David también (also) es… atlético= athletic moderna= modern tímico= timid

  26. David también (also) es… dinámico generoso religioso

  27. David también (also) es… dinámico= dynamic generoso= generous religioso= religious

  28. David and John are very different.

  29. John es… atractivo ambicioso lógico

  30. John es… atractivo= attractive ambicioso= ambitious lógico= logical

  31. John también es… pasivo serio agresivo

  32. John también es… pasivo= passive serio= serious agresivo= aggressive

  33. John también es… cómico impulsivo creativo

  34. John también es… cómico= comical impulsivo= impulsive creativo= creative

  35. As you see, there are many Spanish – English cognates.

  36. Falsecognates However, some words look like cognates, but do not have the same meaning in both languages. These are called “false cognates.”

  37. Falsecognates (cont.) Examples: Lectura looks like lecture but means reading. Éxito looks like exit but means success. Embarazada looks like embarrassed but means pregnant.

  38. ¡Buen trabajo! Hoy hemos aprendido (He have learned) vocabulario sobre la identificación y descripción de personas.