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Chapter 10 Agriculture Review

Chapter 10 Agriculture Review

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Chapter 10 Agriculture Review

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  1. Chapter 10 Agriculture Review

  2. Origins of Agriculture • What is Agriculture? • Explain hunters and gathers • Including today • Explain Invention of Agriculture • Vegetative Planting – Hearths • Seed Agriculture – Hearths • Process of domestication of animals

  3. Classifying Ag Regions – Where is the Product Consumed? • Difference between subsistence and commercial agriculture • 5 ways • Agribusiness • Whittlesey’s 11 Ag Regions

  4. Shifting Cultivation • Explain • Climate • Location • 2 Major distinguishing characteristics • Slash-and-burn agriculture • Process • Crops • Who owns the land?

  5. Pastoral Nomadism • Explain • Climate/Location • Animals • Explain movements • Why do governments want nomads to settle?

  6. Intensive Subsistence Agriculture • Explain • Where? • Land use?

  7. Intensive Subsistence w/Wet Rice Dominant • Explain • Climate • Where? • Crops • Process • Including Vocab

  8. Intensive Subsistence Wet Rice Not Dominant • Explain • Climate • Where? • Crops • Process

  9. Mixed Crop and Livestock Farming • Characteristics • Process • Crops • Types of livestock • Where? • Climate?

  10. Dairy Farming • Explain • Where? • Why near urban areas? • Climate? • Milkshed? • Impacts of innovation • Major regional differences • Issues for dairy farmers

  11. Grain Farming • Explain • Crops • Importance? • Where? • Climate? • Importance of wheat?

  12. Livestock Ranching • Explain • Origin in US • Range Wars • Impact of changes in cattle breeds • Why decline in livestock ranching? • Where? • Climate? • Where is ranching outside the US?

  13. Mediterranean Ag • Explain • Where? • Climate • Crops

  14. Commercial Gardening and Fruit Farming • Where? • Crops? • Climate? • Truck farming • Specialty farming

  15. Plantation Farming • Explain • Where? • Ownership • Crops • Purpose

  16. Clustered Rural Settlements • Define • Explain • Land use • What happened when population became too large? • How decide how to arrange?

  17. Circular Rural Settlements • Explain • Arrangements • Purpose/uses

  18. Linear Rural Settlements • Explain • Arrangements • Purpose

  19. Colonial American Clustered Settlements • Location • Explain each settlement in each region

  20. Dispersed Rural Settlements in the US • Explain • Where? • Why developed or dominated

  21. Enclosure Movement • Explain • Origin • Reasons • Benefits

  22. Von Thunen’s Model • Purpose • Assumptions • Draw out and label • Logic in location of each ring • Crops in each ring • Weaknesses and criticisms • Where/how applied in LDC’s and MDC’s today?

  23. Sustainable Agriculture: Sensitive Land Management • Explain • Ridge Tillage • Process • Reasons for sensitive land management • Organic Farming • Define • Why so popular • Potential health benefits • Costs • Advantages/disadvantages

  24. Sustainable Agriculture: Integrated Crop and Livestock • Explain • Why more sustainable?

  25. Issues for Subsistence Farmers • What are the 2 main issues for subsistence farmers?

  26. Issues for Subsistence Farmers: Subsistence Farming and Population Growth • What are Boserup’s 2 theories for intensification of production for subsistence farmers to use to increase the food supply?

  27. Issues for Subsistence Farmers: Subsistence Farming and International Trade • Why is international trade an issue? • How are drug crops negatively impacting many LDC’s?

  28. Strategies to Increase Food Supply • What are four strategies to increase food supply? • Explain each.

  29. Strategies to Increase Food Supply: Expanding Agricultural Land • What are some issues with expanding ag land? • Where are areas where ag land can and cannot be expanded? • Desertification?

  30. Strategies to Increase Food Supply: Higher Productivity • Green Revolution • When • Why • What was it • Importance • Disadvantages • Types of improved technology • Organic Farming • How are Green Revolution and organic farming related?

  31. Strategies to Increase Food Supply: Identifying New Food Sources • What are 3 strategies of new food sources? • Explain each.

  32. Strategies to Increase Food Supply: Increase Exports from Other Countries • Define export/import • What are the top 3 export grains? • Who are the largest grain export countries? • Who are the largest grain import countries? • How would this increase food supply?

  33. Africa’s Food Crisis • What are the causes of Africa’s food crisis?