Hours: Monday-Thursday 8 am-7 pm CPT review 9 am-2 pm Friday 8 am-3 pm No CPT review Saturday 9 am-3 pm No CPT review Writing • Reading • Speech www.valenciacc.edu/east/academicsuccess/writing Building 4, room 120 (407) 582-2795
MLA Guidelines The Communications Center Valencia Community College, East Campus
Format of the paperMLA Handbook 4.1-4.2 • Type or print in a standard font (e.g., Times New Roman) and type size (e.g., 12 points). • Top, bottom, and side margins should be one inch. • Papers should be double-spaced throughout. Do not add additional space between paragraphs or other elements.
Title and page numbersMLA Handbook 4.3-4.4 • On the first page, type your name, the instructor’s name, the course number, and the date on separate lines flush with the left margin. • Center the title of the paper. • Double-space between all of these elements. • Pages (including the title page) should be numbered in the upper right-hand corner, one-half inch from the top of the page, and flush with the right margin. Your last name should be printed before the page number.
The Works Cited listMLA Handbook 5.3-5.8 • Begin the list on a new page; continue page numbers from the text of the paper. • Center the title “Works Cited” one inch from the top of the page. • Each entry should begin flush with the left margin. If an entry extends to more than one line, the additional lines are indented one-half inch. • Entries are alphabetized by author’s last name (or by the title for works with no author). • Each entry must state the medium of publication (e.g., “Print,” “Web,” “DVD”). • All sources in a Works Cited list must be cited in the paper. If sources not cited are included, the list should be titled “Works Consulted.”
Sample entries: Books • Book by a single author: Descharnes, Robert. Dali. New York: Abrams, 1985. Print. • Book by multiple authors: Ryan, Leigh, and Lisa Zimmerelli. The Bedford Guide for Writing Tutors. 4th ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2006. Print.
Sample entries: Anthologies • Anthology : Fuller, John, ed. The Oxford Book of Sonnets. New York: Oxford UP, 2000. Print. • Work in an anthology: • Dumas, Henry. “The Marchers.” Short Stories of the Civil Rights Movement: An Anthology. Ed. Margaret Earley Whitt. Athens: U of Georgia P, 2006. Print.
Sample entries: Articles • In a scholarly journal : • Mates, Lewis. “Durham and South Wales Miners and the Spanish Civil War.” Twentieth Century British History17.3 (2006): 373-395. Print. • In a magazine: • Will, George F. "Electronic Morphine." Newsweek 25 Nov. 2002: 92. Print. • In a newspaper: • Lowry, Bryan. “Tom Cruise’s PR Firm Seeks Extensive TV Restrictions.” Los Angeles Times 14 July 1999: F2+. Print.
Sample entries: Internet sites • An entire Internet site: • The Burlington Magazine. 2009. Web. 13 Jan. 2009. • An article : • Ceaser, James W. “Relativism as Political Absolutism.” The New Criterion Jan. 2009. Web. 13 Jan. 2009.
References within the textMLA Handbook 6.1-6.4 • Use parenthetical references in the text to indicate the source from which you have taken specific material (quotation, paraphrase, fact, or idea). • These references should be very specific; use page numbers whenever you can. • References should be as concise as possible.
Format of references • Most references will include the author’s name and page number, without punctuation between them. • If the author’s name appears in your text, indicate only the page number(s) in the reference. • References should ordinarily be placed at the end of the sentence, before the period.
Sample references • Single author, name in text: Harrison argues that this relationship is more complex (247). • Single author: The protagonist’s anxiety may derive from childhood trauma (Beckwith 35). • Multiple authors: Recent research has identified this to be a previously unknown early work by Rubens (Thompson and Bartley 142). • Direct quotation: In 1972, Farrington argued that The Searchers “exhibits intolerable racism and cruelty” (79); however, the film is highly regarded today.