social equality vs legal equality n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Social equality vs. legal equality PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Social equality vs. legal equality

Social equality vs. legal equality

730 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Social equality vs. legal equality

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Social equality vs. legal equality SOCIAL REALITY Which way will the scale tip?

  2. social reality SEGREGATION • After Reconstruction, there were several ways that Southern states kept Blacks from voting and segregated, or separating people by the color of their skin in public facilities. • Jim Crow laws, laws at the local and state level which segregated whites from blacks and kept African Americans as 2nd class citizens and from voting. • poll taxes • literacy tests • grandfather clause

  3. social reality SOCIAL REALITY • Plessy vs. Ferguson, 1896 • Supreme Court legalized segregation throughout the nation. • “Separate but Equal” as long as public facilities were equal • Problem: Black facilities never equal to White facilities

  4. SOCIAL REALITY Plessy vs. Ferguson, 1896 US would be segregated until the 1960’s.

  5. What was a result of the Supreme Court’s Plessy v. Ferguson decision? • A) Segregation of schools and public transportation was deemed legal. • B) Integration of schools was to occur with deliberate speed. • C) Illiteracy among school-aged children would be eradicated. • D) De facto segregation could no longer occur. • E) Teachers at black schools were paid the same as their white counterparts.

  6. The Charity Organization Movement • Decided who was worthy of help • Wanted immigrants to adopt American, middle-class standards. • Offered charity and justice to society’s problems. The Social Gospel Movement • Sought to apply the gospel teachings of Christ. Preached salvation through service to poor • Moved into poor communities • Their settlement houses served as community centers and social service agencies. • Hull House, founded by Jane Addams a model settlement house in Chicago, offered cultural events, classes, childcare, employment assistance, and health-care clinics. The Settlement Movement Social welfare reformers work to relieve urban poverty

  7. JANE ADAMMS SETTLEMENT HOUSE JANE ADAMMS SETTLEMENT HOUSE • To provide a center for higher civic and social life; to institute and maintain educational and philanthropic enterprises. • To investigate and improve the conditions in the industrial districts of Chicago. • To help assimilate the immigrant population • To provide a center for higher civic and social life; to institute and maintain educational and philanthropic enterprises. • To investigate and improve the conditions in the industrial districts of Chicago. • To help assimilate the immigrant population • RUN BY COLLEGE EDUCATED WOMEN • provide educational, cultural, social services • send visiting nurses to the sick • help with personal, job, financial problems

  8. JANE ADAMMS SETTLEMENT HOUSE • In 1889, the settlement house movement spread rapidly. • By 1900 more than 400 houses had been established in major cities across the country.

  9. Why were many women part of the settlement house reform movement? • A) They believed that poverty was the worst problem in the society and must be prevented. • B) Men were not interested in urban poverty, and women were the only ones left to tackle the problem. • C) The women who helped start settlement houses could bring their children there, which made it easier for them. • D) It was one of the few places in the American society in which they could use their talents. • E) Women believed that education was the only way to eradicate poverty in the United States.

  10. SOCIAL JUSTICE • Hiram Johnson---Governor of Calif. • Worker’s compensation • State insurance supported workers injured on the job. • Robert La Follette---Gov. of Wisconsin • Wisconsin Idea = La Follette Plan • Taxes on incomes and corporations

  11. SOCIAL JUSTICE 16th Amendment: Income Tax (1913) Progressive income tax assigned higher tax rates to people with higher incomes.

  12. PROGRESSIVE PRESIDENTS • Square Deal • TR believed in the “capitalistic system” but believed that the system must be regulated by US Govt. • TR was a Hamiltonian but for the betterment of the “common man” as opposed to benefit the elite. • TR believed the U.S. Government was running the country and not the rich and corrupt industrialists…. • U.S. Government involvement with “regulatory agencies”….Similar to “checks and balances”

  13. PROGRESSIVE PRESIDENTS • Square Deal • Reforms of the Progressives start with President Roosevelt…. • Areas which he wanted to reform and use the “bully pulpit” of the Presidency were the following: • Bad Trusts vs. Good Trusts • Take the side of labor • Railroads • Limiting corruption in the workplace • Conservation

  14. ECONOMIC JUSTICE • TR, the “Trustbuster” • Department of Labor • Bureau of Corporations • Filed more than 40 anti-trust suits using the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. • Northern Securities • Standard Oil • Swift Beef

  15. ECONOMIC JUSTICE • Anthracite 1903 Coal Strike • Union wanted shorter days and higher wages and owners would not negotiate. • Winter, nation needed coal to heat homes. • TR calls a White House Conference. • TR threatens to send in troops to run mines • Owners back down and TR becomes the “hero” of the common working man. • Importance: First time US Govt. took the side of labor in a dispute.

  16. SOCIAL JUSTICE • Reading The Jungle,TR brought about reform in proposing and signing into law the Meat Inspection Act, 1906 • All meat sold must inspected • Must be marked by Federal inspectors and graded. • Meat industry cleaned up. • Fish is regulated.

  17. SOCIAL JUSTICE • Pure Food and Drug Act, 1906 • Federal inspection to all packaged foods and drugs. • Labels with medicine as well as food. • Contents of food and drug packages must be listed • All additives/chemicals must be listed on labels. • FDA today or Food and Drug Administration

  18. ECONOMIC JUSTICE • Railroad Reforms to boost the Interstate Commerce Commission. • Elkins Act • Anti-Rebate Act or Anti- Kick Back Act • Regulates common carriers of people and freight, UPS, Greyhound, Amtrak, etc. • Hepburn Act • Regulates rates for passengers and freight • Air travel cost controls • Air freight price controls

  19. CONSERVATION • TR’s Conservation Policy • 125,000 acres in reserve • National Reclamation Act 1902 • 25 water projects • Founding of the National Park System

  20. CONSERVATION • National Reclamation Act gave birth to the Newlands Irrigation Project. • Free land to Homesteaders who wanted to farm Lahontan Valley. • Dairy farming, hay, beef and sugar beets • Lake Lahontan and dam built in operation by 1914

  21. TAFT'S PRESIDENCY • Federal Children’s Bureau • Creation of a Dept. of Labor • 8 hr. workday • Mann-Elkins Act • Aligns with Conservative Republicans and splits with Roosevelt’s Progressives. Goodness gracious, I must have been dozing

  22. Mann-Elkins Act - WHT • Mann- Elkins Act • Interstate Commerce Commission's (ICC) responsibilities to include the regulation of • telephone, • telegraph, • cable companies. • The new law declared such companies to be common carriers subject to ICC regulations.

  23. The 1912 Election Key Issues

  24. 1912 ELECTION • TR runs against Taft for the Republican nomination. • TR is not nominated for the Republican nomination because the Conservatives supported Taft. • Ballinger-Pinochet quarrel, • Sec. of the Interior Ballinger opened public lands in Wyoming, Montana, and Alaska to development • Angered TR's pro-conservation stand.

  25. TheBallinger-PinchotControversy conflict rooted in contrasting ideas about how to best use and conserve western natural resources. Ballinger-Sec. Of Interior by Taft Pinchot- US Forestry Service by TR

  26. 1912 ELECTION • TR forms his own party called the Progressive “Bull Moose Party”…….. • As a result, TR splits the Republican Party and Woodrow Wilson (Democrat) will be elected.

  27. The Progressive Party& Theodore Roosevelt

  28. GOP Divided by Bull MooseEquals Democratic Victory!

  29. 1912 ELECTION • Roosevelt’s Campaign Slogan • New Nationalism: Favored an active government role in economic and social affairs. • Good vs. bad trusts which were regulated by the U.S. Govt. • Continuation of his Square Deal policies. • Direct Election of Senators • Tariff reduction • Presidential primaries • Regulation of monopolies • End child labor • Women’s suffrage

  30. NoThird-TermPrinciple

  31. 1912 ELECTION New Nationalism New Freedom • Goal: • Continuation of his Square Deal which were reforms to help the common man. • Favored a more active govt role in economic and social affairs. • Good trusts vs. bad trusts • Direct election of senators • Tariff reduction • Presidential primaries • Regulation of monopolies • End child labor • Initiative and referendum • Women’s suffrage • Goal: • Favored an active role in economic and social affairs. • Favored small businesses and the free functioning and unregulated and unmonopolized markets. • Tackle the “triple wall of privilege”: the tariff, the banks, and the trusts. • Similar to Roosevelt’s New Nationalism.

  32. 1912 ELECTION

  33. 1912 ELECTION

  34. 1912 ELECTION • Wilson’s Slogan • New Freedom: restore the free competition and equal opportunity but not through big government…. • Tackle the “triple wall of privilege”: the tariff, the banks, and the trusts. • Wilson passes quite a bit of legislation which was similar to Roosevelt’s New Nationalism…. • Federal Trade Commission • 16th Amendment • Underwood Tariff Bill • Federal Reserve Act • Clayton Anti-Trust Act • Keating-Owen Act Progressive Movement ends in 1917 with US entrance into WWI Wilson’s time is devoted to the WWI instead of the Progressive Reforms.

  35. TheGOP: AnExtinctAnimal?