Causes of the American Revolution 1763 - 1775 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Causes of the American Revolution 1763 - 1775

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  1. Causes of the American Revolution 1763 - 1775

  2. Pontiac’s War - 1763 • After 1760 – English settlers moved west • Lord Jeffrey Amherst sent to frontier • Amherst raised the price of trade goods • Amherst allowed settlers to build farms and forts on Indian land

  3. Pontiac’s War - 1763 • Ottawa Chief Pontiac emerged as a leader • Pontiac attacked Ft.Detroit • Indians captured most British forts in Ohio Country • British and colonial troops regained most of them

  4. Pontiac’s War - 1763 • Treaty of Paris ended French power in North America • Native Americans couldn’t count on French support • Pontiac’s War ended

  5. King George III and William Pitt

  6. England in Debt • William Pitt’s policies to win the French and Indian War in North America left England in debt. • King George III and Parliament felt colonists should be paying more of the costs • Mercantilism – colonies exist for the good of the Mother Country

  7. England in Debt • Mercantilism – colonies produce raw materials for the Mother country and buy her manufactured goods • Navigation Acts – Law passed by Parliament in the 1660’s and 1670’s to put Mercantilism into practice • Salutary Neglect – Navigation Acts not enforced so colonists would have the money to buy British goods

  8. Proclamation of 1763 – Proclamation Line • Drew a line down the middle of the Appalachian Mountains

  9. Proclamation of 1763 • No white settlement west of the line • Fur Traders must get a license • 10,000 British troops stationed in the colonies to patrol the frontier

  10. Sugar Act and Stamp Act • Parliament – Law making body in England • Sugar Act – Regulate Trade • Stamp Act – Raise Revenue • Regulate Trade vs. Raise Revenue • “No Taxation Without Representation”

  11. Sugar Act - 1764 • George Grenville – Prime Minister • Regulate Trade • Lower tax on sugar and molasses • Collect the tax • Stop smuggling

  12. Stamp Act - 1765 • Raise Revenue • Tax stamp required on legal documents – wills, marriage papers, newspapers, almanacs, playing cards and dice

  13. Stamp Act Crisis 1765 - 1766 • “No Taxation Without Representation” • Methods of Protest • Peaceful – Stamp Act Congress – New York City – 9 colonies – petition • Violent – Sons of Liberty • Economic - Boycott

  14. Samuel Adams and the Sons of Liberty

  15. Sons of Liberty

  16. Patrick Henry – Virginia House of Burgesses – “If this be treason then make the most of it”

  17. Stamp Act Crisis • Stamp Act repealed in 1766 • Parliament passes the Declaratory Act

  18. Death of Anne Stamp

  19. Townshend Acts - 1767 • Charles Townshend – Prime Minister • Taxes on paint, paper, lead, glass and tea • Writs of Assistance – blanket search warrants

  20. Methods of Protest • Peaceful – petition • Violent – Sons of Liberty and Daughters of Liberty • Economic – Non – importation agreements

  21. Sons and Daughters of Liberty

  22. Colonial Leaders

  23. Boston Massacre - 1770

  24. Boston Massacre - 1770 • Townshend Duties repealed except for a tax on tea • British troops removed from Boston • Committees of Correspondence organized by Sam Adams

  25. Boston Tea Party - 1773 • Tea Act – British East India Company • Sons of Liberty dump tea into Boston Harbor

  26. Intolerable Acts ( Coersive Acts)1774 • Boston Port Bill – Boston Harbor closed until the tea is paid for

  27. Intolerable ( Coersive ) Acts - 1774 • Massachusetts Government Act – • Massachusetts Assembly dissolved • Boston under martial law • Thomas Gage – military governor

  28. Intolerable ( Coersive ) Acts - 1774 • Quartering Acts • 1765 – troops quartered in public buildings and public greens • 1774 – troops quartered in people’s homes

  29. Intolerable ( Coersive ) Acts - 1774 • Quebec Act • Established the boundaries of the Quebec Colony • Allowed the Catholic religion in Quebec • No elected assembly

  30. First Continental Congress - 1774 • Albany Congress – 1754 - 7 of 13 colonies • Stamp Act Congress – 1765 – New York City - 9 of 13 colonies • First Continental Congress – 1774 – Philadelphia – 12 of 13 colonies

  31. First Continental Congress • Voted to cut off colonial trade with England unless Intolerable Acts abolished • Advise colonies to begin training citizens for war • Wanted to define American rights, place limits on Parliament’s power and agree on tactics to resist aggressive acts of the English government • Set up a Colonial Association to enforce an embargo against England

  32. Patrick Henry – March, 1775 – “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death”

  33. Colonial Leaders