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Construction Industry of Thailand

Construction Industry of Thailand

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Construction Industry of Thailand

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  1. Construction Industry of Thailand By Tapanawat R. SCI Plant Services Siam Cement Group SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  2. Distribution and Retailing Petrol Chemical Paper and Packaging Building Product Cement SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  3. Index • Thailand Economy Overview • Construction Industry of Thailand • Construction Employment and Statistic • Safety in Construction Work • Law and Regulation • Conclusion SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  4. Thailand Economic Overview SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  5. Thailand Economy Overview SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  6. GDPof Thailand TomyamKung Crisis GDP -10% Construction -38% GDP 6% in 2004 SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  7. Construction Industry SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  8. Construction Industry in 2005 Construction 7% Agriculture 13% Service 48% Other Industries 32% SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  9. 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 GDP of Thailand GDP of Construction Growth Rate of Thai Economy and Construction Industry (%) SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  10. (Million Bath) +14.1% 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 +15.7% +12.5% Construction Value Investment Total Investment Private Investment Public Investment SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  11. Building and Factory Investment Trend significantly increased Housing is saturated 2005 2005 2005 SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  12. Construction Employment and Statistic SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  13. Construction Industry Employment SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  14. Accident Rate in Each Business Metal Business Construction Business 9% SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  15. Death and Permanent Disability • Construction work • accounts for 14% (almost 1 in 6) of deaths at work • 24% of permanent total disability. SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  16. Death and Permanent Disability(Cont.) • Construction workers are 2.7 times as likely to face occupational death as otheroccupations – 57 per million versus 21 per million. • Construction workers are 5 times as likely to suffer permanent total disability as other workers – 2.1 per million versus 0.4 per million. SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  17. Rate of Accident and Death Accident Rate/1,000 is Constant Death Rate/100,000 is increase 10-15% SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  18. Safety in Construction Work SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  19. SHE PLAN • Organization and Responsibility • Discipline and Planning (work permit) • Risk Assessment and Pre-Job Safety Analysis • Standardization (Prevention and Control) • Site Inspection and Audit • Reporting and Accident Investigation • Safety Training • Safety Promotion • First aid • Emergency Plan • 5S (Cleaning and House Keeping) • Waste Management SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  20. Pre-Construction Period • Boundary or Fence/Area Separation • Safety Sign • Facility (Water, Waste…) • Construction Equipment ( Interlock) • People : Training • Method Statement SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  21. Construction Period • Risk Assessment and Pre-Job Safety Analysis • Safety Control • Safety Inspection • Safety Audit • Safety Talk • Training • Reporting • Emergency Plan SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  22. Causes of Accident in Construction Work • External Environment • Human From Statistic • In the beginning of construction period, there were accident 3 times/day. • In case of high rise building, there was one death. SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  23. Types of accident in Construction Site • High Falling • Electric • Vibration and Noise • Fire • Machinery • Land Sliding • Scaffolding and Structure Falling SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  24. Accident Rate in Each Causes All Industry • Hand Accident 25% • Materials impact 18% • Eyes Accident 16% • Material Falling 13% • High Falling 4% • Slippery Falling 3% • Electric 2% SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  25. Law and Regulation Design Period Construction Period SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  26. Design Period • Code of Design of Building and Factory • Set Back Distance: Fire Protection, Airflow, Light.. • Live Load: Depend on function of building. Ex Housing 150kg/m2, Super Store 500 kg/m2, Walk way 300kg/m2, Library 600-800 kg/m2 • Fire Protection: Fire Coating for steel structure (3 hrs), Fire Exit ( 2 Positions for 4 Stories upward) (Fire Wall 2 hrs), Air Pressure System, Fire Alarm System, SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  27. Air Flow : Factory use 4 times of Volume/hr. Office use 7 time of Volume/hr • Lighting : Factory use 500 Flux, Office use 300 Flux • Air Condition : 1 tons/ 20m2 ( Height=2.7 m.) SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  28. Construction Area :Restriction area, Sign, Prohibit unconcern people Construction Period SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  29. Safety of Mobile Crane & Crane : Capability of crane, Crane InspectionErection Procedure SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  30. Safety of Piling WorkLimit Area, Follow Instruction, Inspect Equipment and Sling SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  31. Safety of Lift9 meters height onward designed by civil engineer SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  32. Safety of Scaffolding Work2 meters height onward need scaffolding, in case of super structure, it is needed to design by civil engineer SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  33. Safety High, Material and Structure FallingFence, Safety line, net , belt SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  34. Safety, Health, and Environment ManagementControl about airflow in construction area, Training, If we have to work in low airflow area we have to work with other people at least 3 people, Entrance must be convenience and safety. Dia 25 m. , H= 70 m. SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  35. Conclusion SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  36. Conclusion • Construction Industry of Thailand in 2006 still slightly increase. It’s not housing but building, factory of private sector. Moreover public sector invest more in infrastructure especially in Bangkok and East area such as mass transit, hospital, university. • It may contribute around 7-9% of GDP SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  37. Conclusion • 2003-2005 Rate of accident was constant while rate of death per 100,000 people increased because of accident from housing segment, In next 3 years building ,factory and infrastructure work will increase. • Construction employment is round 6% of total workforce. Construction work have 14% of total death(1 of 6) and 24% of total permanent disability SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  38. Conclusion • Construction worker have more risk 2.7 times to face occupational death and 5 times to face permanent disability • Even though Thailand have the law about safety but in reality we still lack of safety supervisor. Safety management and control have only in the large company SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  39. Conclusion • Safety in Engineering Work Should start on Engineering Design Philosophy. • Designer should concern about all of period of Engineering Work • Construction or Erection period (Implement) • Operating Period • Maintenance Period • Designer should concern about Law, Environment, New Construction Technology, New Material Technology SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  40. It design to against earth quake It use simulation to evaluate effect of all force, wind tunnel testing Design concern about every stage :construction and operating and maintenance Example the longest spanning suspension bridge in the world The Akashi Bridge The Oakland Bay Bridge Petronas Tower SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group

  41. Thank You For Your Attention SCI Plant Services/Siam Cement Group