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Cooperative Research Network

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Cooperative Research Network

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  1. The Alaska Power Association August 7, 2009 Cooperative Research Network Solving Problems with Innovation and R&D Tom Lovas Senior Program Manager and Consultant Strategic Alliances, Alaska Coordination National Rural Electric Cooperative Association

  2. Co-op Principal Mission Reliable electric service at an affordable cost

  3. CRN Overview • Organization and Role • Research Focus Areas • Advisor Outreach/MAG Programs • Alliances/Partnerships • Stimulus Projects • Participation and Ideas Count!

  4. Research Arm of NRECA • Short-term Relevance & Responsiveness • 2-5 Year Focus • Monitor, Evaluate, Apply Tech • Tech Surveillance • Leverage Resources • Long-term Planning & Preparation • 5-7 years • Alliances & Partnerships • Tech Gateway • Industry Leadership Central Strategic Resource • Collaborative Research • Entire Co-op Family • Members Business Decision Making • NRECA Policy Development • Co-op Sister Organizations • Trusted Business Advisor

  5. CRN Governance NRECA Board of Directors Cooperative Research Council Co-op Technology Advisors Budget & Audit and Quality Control Committee Membership & Alliances and Partnerships Committee

  6. Updated Focus Areas - 2009 • Greenhouse Gas Management & Utilization • Keeping fossil generation economically viable • Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy • Building a sustainable supply base meeting policy, environment and cost needs • Delivery Systems Reliability • Improving distribution and transmission through research and standardization • The “Smarter Grid” • Moving systematically but cost-effectively to an “IT-Smart” world

  7. WWW.CRN.COOP Log on using your Cooperative.com ID and password to get: • Reports • Original CRN research • CRN partners (includes Chartwell, NEETRAC, CEATI, E Source, and DSTAR) • Tech Surveillance Magazine • Articles • Field reports • Fact sheets • Custom software developed specifically for co-ops • Technical guides and more

  8. CRN Outreach Semiannual Advisory Meetings Energy Innovation Summits Tech Surveillance E-Updates Report Distribution Technology Demonstrations Industry Conferences

  9. Generation Supercritical & Ultra-supercritical Boilers Passive Nuclear Systems Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Multi-Pollutant Controls Biomass Co-firing Renewables Animal Waste to Energy Systems Biofuels and Biomass CT Solar Inlet Air Chillers Photovoltaics Landfill Gas Advanced Technologies of Current Interest to CRN

  10. Energy Storage Electric Thermal Storage (Ice and Heat) Advanced Batteries Wind/Hydrogen Compressed Air Flywheels Grid Management Transmission Optimization Systems Distribution Automation Power Loss Management Power Quality Sources Real-Time Reliability Advanced Technologies of Current Interest to CRN

  11. Strategic Alliances Absolutely Critical • CRN strategy: • Knowledge of excellent initiatives by many different organizations • Harvest and prepare a useable database • Outreach strategy for relevant resources • Managing those resources for rich productivity

  12. Strategic Alliances Examples: • Electric Power Research Institute • Idaho National Laboratory • West Virginia University • Pacific Northwest National Laboratory • National Energy Technology Laboratory • Univ. of Kentucky: Center for Applied Energy Research

  13. Carbon Capture SymposiumSupport from WVU-NETL Held April 30 – May 1, 2009 • All presentations on CRN website at Result # 09-01: CO2 Capture Symposium • Video recordings of presentations will be available shortly on a public site.

  14. CO2 Capture “State of the Art” Economics and operational impacts of carbon capture technologies for coal fired power plants.

  15. Power Plant CO2 Capture Key Challenges to Retrofits Space limitations — 7-10 acres needed for current scrubbing Major equipment modifications Regeneration steam availability — can steam turbine operate at part load? Sulfur — additional deep sulfur removal required for most CO2 sorbents Make-up power — satisfy need to maintain baseload output Water availability Local storage availability (saline formation, EOR) Scheduling outages for CO2 retrofits Post-retrofit dispatch implications due to increase in COE Retrofit triggering New Source Review Proposed legislation—How much to capture? Carbon Dioxide Capture from Existing Coal-Fired Power Plants, U.S. Department of Energy-National Energy Technology Laboratory, Revised Final Report, November 2007

  16. Directives to CRN • Increase focus on ‘Algae Technologies’ • Monitor Only for Amine Scrubbing • More appropriate for EPRI and large generators • Maintain work on Capture & Sequestration • Increase emphasis on Agricultural & Terrestrial Approaches

  17. INL and CRN Alliance Addresses Hybrid Energy Systems Integration INL positioned to provide technical coordination, and emerging components for HES configurations • INL is an energy systems laboratory with test beds, energy subject matter experts, and energy systems engineering capabilities critical to implementing HES approach CRN positioned to lead HES implementation by serving as a “living laboratory” test bed and demonstration site and helping infuse funds into rural economies by funding relevant HES projects in its members’ geographic service areas • CRN is part of NRECA, a national service organization representing >900 member generation and transmission cooperatives, serving 40 million people in 47 states. INL and CRN are positioned to help lead the United States in transforming its energy future through hybrid energy system approaches

  18. What are “Hybrid Energy Systems”? Concept advanced through creation of Local and Regional Energy Clusters • Examples could include: • Integration of renewable energy with conventional fossil energy development • Microgrids utilizing renewable energy sources • Integration of nuclear energy and unconventional fossil energy development • Integrated with multiple-integrated generating sources providing electricity, fuels, and chemical products

  19. Necessity is Driving Smart Grid Investments • Reduced truck rolls • Automated Meter Reading (AMR)—low-bandwidth “turtle” meter • Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI)—two-way communications for improved operations. Half of all co-ops have at least some AMI

  20. Necessity is Driving Smart Grid Investments • Interoperable software: Multispeak voluntary specification • Speed data transfer • Distribution operations software • Internet-protocol based for scalability • Supported by 48 vendors, including Siemens and Oracle • Harmonize with Common Interface Model

  21. Demand Response Investments Co-ops can control 6% of peak load; almost half have demand response programs: 77% - direct control of water heaters, pool heaters, air conditioners 44% - interruptible contracts 30% - time-of-use or real-time rates 16% - voluntary interruptions

  22. Energy Efficiency Investments Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs) Low-temperature Heat Pump Thermal Energy Storage for residential cooling Waste-Heat-to-Power Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles & Battery Electric Vehicles

  23. Co-op Large-Scale Investments in Innovation • CO2 Capture & Sequestration • Basin Electric Power Co-op, ND • Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle • Wabash Valley Power Association, IN • Compressed-Air Energy Storage • PowerSouth Energy Co-op, AL • Utility-scale Battery Energy Storage • Golden Valley Electric Assn, AK

  24. The Electric Cooperative Network A national “living” laboratory Technology is often the most significant variable under a co-op’s control Solutions are tailored to local conditions and shared among cooperatives

  25. ARRA “Stimulus” Funding Proposals Development and Administrative Support for TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS

  26. Congress’ View of the Smart Grid Energy Independence & Security Act 2007: • Use of digital information and control technologies for dynamic operation of grid, distribution automation, etc. • Incorporation of renewables, DG • Deployment of automated technologies to operate smart appliances, home automation • Integration of storage, PHEV • Timely information to consumers and control options, demand response

  27. Smart Grid Supports 21st-Century Demand The grid of the last century: large, centralized plants ship power in one direction — to the customer The modern grid incorporates new centralized plants with renewables, distributed generation, “aggregated” backup generators, energy storage, and demand-response programs — seamlessly and safely

  28. What are the Technologies of the “Smart Grid?” • Intelligent electronic sensors, relays • Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) • Optimization software • Data Management Systems • Two-way communications for “end-to-end connectivity” • Distributed computing

  29. Proposed CRN DemoEnhanced Distribution and Demand Management Data generated at any point becomes available at any other point

  30. Regional Demonstration Benefits End-to-End Demand Management Peak Reduction Programs through Two-Way Load Control Utility-Consumer Technology & Pricing Pilots Advanced Distribution Grid Management Integrated Systems Advances & Studies Meter Data Management (MDM) Applications & Uses Distribution Automation Applications & Studies 15 Subcategory Activities, for Practical, cost-effective results

  31. SG Demo Organization • Total project estimate $65+ million, upwards of $32.5+ million from DOE • 26 coops across 11 states, incl. G&T • NRECA staff, consultants, partners helping define technical needs, requirements, costs • Centralized support by NRECA

  32. Proposed CRN DemoEnergy Storage for Grid Support

  33. Storage Benefits • Defer T&D equipment upgrades • Provide arbitrage opportunities • Reduce loads at congestion points • Reduce ramping impacts of renewables • Reduce demand charges • Potentially reduce need for new lines • Reduce fault-induced delayed voltage recovery

  34. Co-op Utility-Scale Energy Storage Defer transmission line through pristine land and shave peaks Central Electric Power Co-op, SC Support overloaded substations and shift wind from off-peak to peak hours. Illinois Rural Electric Cooperative Support military base and shift photovoltaic generation from shoulder hours to peak hours & add stability to low-inertia system Kauai Island Utility Co-op, HI Improve diesel generator operation and shift wind from off peak to peak hours Kotzebue Electric Assoc., AK

  35. Premium Power Corporation TransFlow 2000500 kW, 3.7 MWh, 7.4 hours, 480 VLow Cost, High Energy Density, Environmentally Safe, Small Footprint, Long Life (Cycle Life)

  36. Tech Web Conference Oct. 21

  37. CRN Advisory Groups • Broad Spectrum • Generation, Fuels and Environment • Transmission & Substation Assets • Renewable & Distributed Energy • Distribution Operations Best Practices • Energy Innovations • Information and Digital Technologies • Members Serve 3+3 yrs. • Seats Available!

  38. Participation and Ideas Count! Don’t Hesitate – Join an Advisory Group & Send your research and demonstration ideas

  39. We welcome your input and involvement. Thank you! Tom Lovas Senior Program Manager Consultant Cooperative Research Network tlovas@acsalaska.net 907-345-5116 Courtesy NASA