Staffing Organizations ModelSupport activities1-Legal Compliance2- Planning Class-2 HR-302
Staffing Organizations Model • The organization mission and its goals and objectives drive both organization strategy and HR and staffing strategy. • organization strategy and HR and staffing strategy interact with each other when they are being formulated, staffing policies and programs result from that interaction, and they serve as an overlay to both support activities and core staffing activities. • Employee retention and staffing system management concern cut across support and core staffing activities.
Support activities • 1- Legal Compliance • 2- Planning • 3- Job Analysis and Rewards
Legal compliance • When the organization acquires people to do work for it, legal employment relation is established. • The acquired people may be employees, independent contractors, or temporary employees. • Laws are needed to define how the employer may use each type, as well as the rights of each type. • Laws have been developed to create fairness and nondiscrimination in staffing such as race discrimination, and disability.
Planning • HR Planning is the process and set of activities undertaken to forecast an organization’s labor demand (requirement) and internal labor supply (availabilities), to these projections to determine employment gaps. and to develop action plans for addressing these gaps. Action plans include staffing planning to arrive at desired staffing levels and staffing quality.
Economic expansion and contraction Job growth and job opportunities Internal labor market mobility Turnover rates External influences on HR staffing & planning Economic Conditions Labor Markets • Labor demand: organization requirements, KSAs • Labor supply: KSAOs available • Labor shortages (demand > supply)and surpluses (demand < supply)
What is Human Resource Planning (HRP)? • Involves activities to • Forecastan organization’s • Labor demand -- Requirements • Internal labor supply --Availabilities • Compare projections to determine employment gaps • Develop action plansto addressing the gaps • Staffing planning
(1) Forecast Labor Requirements (4) Determine Gaps Compare (2) Forecast Labor Availabilities The Basic Elementsof Human Resource Planning (5) Develop Action Plans
Staffing Planning • This is a vital phase of the planning process. • Staffing planning process: 1- Staffing objectives 2- Generating Alternative Staffing Activities 3-Assessing and Choosing Alternatives
Staffing objectives • The objectives are the targets the organization establish to determine how many people will need and in which job category. • They may require the establish of quantity and quality.
Generating Alternative Staffing Activities • With quantitative and qualitative objectives established, it is necessary to begin identifying possible way of achieving them. • There are many options available to deal with employee shortage and surpluses.
Generating Alternative Staffing Activities Surplus • Hiring freeze • Layoffs • Transfer • Retirement incentives • Reduce work week • Reduce part-time Shortage • New Hires • Transfer • Training/Retrain • Overtime • Part-time
Assessing and Choosing Alternatives • Each of this alternative need to be assessed to help the decision makers choose among them. • The goal of such assessment is to identify one more preferred activities. • A preferred activities offers the highest likelihood of attaining the staffing objective within the time limit established, at the least cost and with the fewest negative side effects.
How the organization creates and structures its workforce? This involves the key strategic issue of core versus flexible workforce usage. Core workforce: regular full-time and part- time employee. Flexible workforce: temporary employees provided by independent contractors.