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Plant Growth and Reproduction

Plant Growth and Reproduction

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Plant Growth and Reproduction

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  1. Plant Growth and Reproduction Unit Outline I. Introduction II. Stages in Plant Growth III. Life Cycles of Plants IV. Uses of Plants V. Plant Classification VI. Plant Parts and Functions VII. - Roots VIII. - Stems IX. - Leaves X. - Flowers XI. Sexual Reproduction XII. Germination and Growth XIII. Asexual Propagation

  2. I. Introduction A. Why is a knowledge of plant growth and reproduction important to most people? B. List some careers associated with plant growth and reproduction.

  3. II. Stages in Plant Growth A. Planting of seed B. Germination C. Emergence of seedling D. Vegetative growth E. Reproduction F. Production of seed G. Maturity H. Death or harvesting

  4. III. Life Cycles of Plants A. Annual B. Winter Annual C. Biennial D. Perennial

  5. IV. Uses of Plants A. Cereal or Grain Crops B. Oil Seed Crops C. Forage and Pasture Crops D. Root and Tuber Crops E. Fiber Crops F. Sugar Crops G. Special Crops

  6. V. Plant Classification A. Two general classification categories in flowering plants 1. Monocotyledonous - Grasses 2. Dicotyledonous - Broadleaf Plants B. Definitions: 1. Cotyledon - 2. Monocotyledon - 3. Dicotyledon -

  7. VI. Plant Parts and Functions A. Root B. Stem C. Leaf D. Bud or Flower

  8. VII. Root Types and Function A. Two types of Roots: 1. Fibrous Root - 2. Taproot - B. Root Growth- C. How Roots Uptake Nutrients

  9. VIII. Plant Stems and Vascular System A. External Parts of the Stem 1. Nodes 2. Internode 3. Terminal Bud 4. Auxillary Bud B. Internal Parts of the Stem 1. Xylem 2. Phloem C. Plant Cells vs. Animal Cells

  10. IX. Leaves A. Parts of the leaf B. Leaf types C. Leaf Functions 1. Photosynthesis - 2. Respiration -

  11. X. The Parts of a Flower A. Pistil ( Female reproductive organ) Made up of: 1. Stigma 2. Style 3. Ovary B. Stamen (Male reproductive organ) Made up of: 1. Anther 2. Filament

  12. Terms and Definitions Associated with Flowers A. Complete Flower - B. Incomplete Flower- C. Perfect Flower - D. Imperfect Flower -

  13. XI. Sexual Reproduction A. Definitions 1. Pollination - 2. Fertilization - 3. Self Pollination - 4. Cross Pollination - B. Steps in Sexual Reproduction 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

  14. XII. Germination and Growth A. Stages in Seed Germination 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. B. How Plants grow 1. 2. 3. 4.

  15. XIII. Asexual Propagation A. Definition: • Reproduction without seed B. Occurs naturally in some plants through: 1. Stolons - 2. Rhizomes- C. Plants can be propagated asexually in horticulture through: 1. Cuttings: 2. Budding: 3. Grafting: 4. Layering: