Sleep deprivation in college students By: Tessa Grewe, Ann puruleski, Genna Gorte & Ashley Albrecht
Objectives • Learn information of sleep deprivation and the college student • Sleep deprivations health risk factors, statistics, and environmental and community risks • Healthy People 2020 goals • Reflect on how stressed you are
What is Sleep Deprivation? • Sleep deprivation is the condition of not having enough sleep • It can be chronic or acute • Chronic can cause fatigue, daytime sleepiness, clumsiness, and changes in weight. • Any type of sleep deprivation can have harmful affects on the brain and cognitive function.
Cultural descriptors that impact health • • The culture surrounding college students has the biggest impact on why they do not get the recommended 8-9 hours of sleep each night. When students first come to college they leave behind the rules and curfews that they had in their while living at home. • • Students need to learn how to balance going to class, studying, work, and having a social life. If they do not get a set routine all of these factors will catch up with them and they start to cut back on sleep to get everything accomplished in the day. • • When coming to college, most students will go out and experience the party scene, which isn’t a big deal until they go out several days a week and use drugs or alcohol because this will significantly increase their sleep deprivation. • • Some college students think
Bias towards college students • Gender • Culture/Race/Ethnicity- Hispanic, Asian, Native American • Religion- Hindu, Christian, Jew, Catholic
Bias towards college students • “Students’ lifestyles can contribute to problems with improper nutrition and poor dietary behaviors, as well as lack of exercise.” (Chock 2011) • “Students are not willing to acknowledge the consequences of lifestyle choices.” (Chock 2011). • “Students tend to overestimate the amount of alcohol their peers consume and the percentage of college students who smoke.” (Chock 2011)
Bias towards different gendered college students • “Female students engage in more healthful eating behaviors and consume fewer sugar and caffeine beverages. Males are more active than females and are more likely to have regular exercise habits.” (chock 2011) • “Females are also more likely than males to engage in unhealthful dieting behaviors.” (Chock 2011)
Health risk factors in college students • Drinking • Tobacco use • Weight gain and obesity • Sexual risk
Other Common Risk Factors • Mental health • Depression • Stress • Anxiety • Self-esteem • Sleep deprivation • suicidal risk
Stats related to population and health risk factors • - 70% of college students receive less than eight hours of sleep. Students engage in parties, late night study sessions, or job related obligations that prohibit sleep. • - 68% of students reported having troubles falling asleep due to academic and emotional stress, resulting in later bed times. • - Sleep deprived students are more likely to miss class, 12% of poor sleepers miss or fall asleep in class three or more times a month. • - 20% of students pull all-nighters at least once a month. • - 35% of students stay up until 3am at least once a week.
Health risk factors • - Alcohol consumption • - Late night study sessions • - Electronic use at bed time • - Suppressed immune system • - STRESS, both emotional and academic
How can one Prevent sleep deprivation? • - Have a set schedule for sleep and stick to it. • - Time Management • - Exercise • - Avoid drugs and alcohol
Environmental risk factors • Environmental risk factors of a college student are those stimuli that they are exposed to such as • Drinking • Drugs • Sex • Parties • Late night study sessions • Gaming • The college environment is full of new living and social experiences, new freedom from parental supervision, and new academic demands.
Community Risk Factors • These things can influence sleep deprivation in this community • Academics • - Homework, studying, & tests • College students group of friends • Sororities, Fraternities, organized groups on campus, & athletics • Living • -Dorms, apartment etc.
Theory of Planned Behavior • This theory is about the link between beliefs and behavior. • The theory states that attitude toward behavior, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control, together shape an individual's behavioral intentions and behaviors.
Healthy People 2020 • “Increase public knowledge of how adequate sleep and treatment of sleep disorders improve health, productivity, wellness, quality of life and safety on roads and in the work place.” • Adequate sleep is necessary to fight off infection, support the metabolism of sugar to prevent diabetes, perform well in school, and work effectively and safely.
References • Austin, B. (2007). Sleep deprivation in the college student a problem worth addressing. (Master's thesis, Washington State University)Retrieved from https://research.wsulibs.wsu.edu/xmlui/bitstream/handle/2376/3621/B_ Ain_19795826.pdf?sequence=1 • Bachrach, R., Merrill, J., Bytschkow, K., & Read, J. (2012). Development and initial validation of a measure of motives for pregaming in college students. Addictive Behaviors, 37(9), 1038-1045. • Chock, T. (2011). The Influence of Body Mass Index, Sex, and Race on College Students' Optimistic Bias for Healthfulness.Journal Of Nutrition Education & Behavior, 43(5), 331-338. doi:10.1016/j.jneb.2010.09.016 • Norton, W. E., Fisher, J. D., Amico, K., Dovidio, J. F., & Johnson, B. T. (2012). Relative Efficacy of a Pregnancy, Sexually Transmitted Infection, or Human Immunodeficiency Virus Prevention–Focused Intervention on Changing Sexual Risk Behavior Among Young Adults. Journal Of American College Health, 60(8), 574-582. doi:10.1080/07448481.2012.721428 • Shragge, R. (2010). Sleep deprivation soars among college students. The California Aggie. Retrieved from http://www.theaggie.org/2010/02/17/ sleep-deprivation-soars-among-college-students/