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PHYSIOCOLOGY. the study of physical stress. presented by Ken L. Hendricks, Ed.S.,CC /NREMT, PI, NCEE, Tactical Paramedic. Advanced techniques are the basics mastered. unknown. At the conclusion of Physiocology you will have been exposed to: Definition of Physiocology

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  1. PHYSIOCOLOGY the study of physical stress presented by Ken L. Hendricks, Ed.S.,CC/NREMT, PI, NCEE, Tactical Paramedic

  2. Advanced techniques are the basics mastered. unknown

  3. At the conclusion of Physiocology you will have been exposed to: • Definition of Physiocology • Performance vs. Stress Level • Performance vs. Physical Endurance Level • Solutions to Lessen Negative Physiocology • OODA Loop • Mind Candy

  4. The Real Focus of This Program • A Warrior’s Perspective • How Stress Can Effect a Warrior • How A Warrior Copes • Do We Deal With Warriors? • Does Data Effect the Average Warrior ?

  5. “One of the biggest reasons for failure in the field of battle is not what to do next . . . this is the result of not having been trained thoroughly in what to expect on the battlefield.” General Orlando Ward, 1954

  6. The Warrior • Isaiah 6:8 • “Then I heard the voice of the Lord saying, Whom shall I send? And who will go for us? And I said here I am. Send me!”

  7. What the heck is PHYSIOCOLOGY ? Physiology -  the science of the functioning of living systems. In physiology, the scientific method is applied to determine how organisms . . . carry out the chemical or physical function that they have in a living system Psychology -  is an academic and applied discipline which involves the scientific study of human mental functions and behaviors.

  8. PHYSIO - study of the how the body physically works + COLOGY – the study of the thinking, behaviors, and emotions. Hence PHYSIOCOLOGYis the study of how the mind and body interact under various physical and emotional situations.

  9. Learning can be defined as a behavioral change that meets two criteria: • it results from an experience • and • it endures over time. • Schneider and Tarshis, 1986.

  10. The Learning Cycle Need To Learn Leads To Confidence Motivates Practice Creates Compliance

  11. Mentally Prepared Quite some time ago Remsberg (1986) noted the importance of mental training and preparation for police work. When considering factors that decided the outcome of a critical encounter, the factors that decided an officer’s “destiny,” he suggested the following: In the mentally unprepared officer, physical factors accounted for 5%; psychological factors accounted for 5%; shooting skills accounted for 15%; and LUCK accounted for 75% of the outcome. In the mentally prepared officer, mental factors accounted for 75% of the outcome, luck fell to 5% and the other factors remained the same. The importance of mental preparation has been acknowledged from training in sport, with Yogi Berra (a better player and coach than mathematician) being famous for saying: Baseball is 90% mental, and the other half is physical.

  12. Amygdala Slow Is Fast when the Amygdala is in control

  13. Inverted – U Hypothesis The Inverted U-hypothesis expresses that too much stress or too little stress results in a lack of performance. A moderate amount of stress results in an optimal amount of arousal, which is needed to perform at maximum potential. Every individual is different when defining how much stress is needed to create a specific amount of arousal. This explains why anxious people perform better under little stress and calm people perform best with more stress

  14. Fine Motor Skill Deteriorates Cognitive Processing Deteriorates 220+ bpm Perceptional Narrowing Hypervigilance/Irrational Behavior/Collapse Complex Motor Skill Deteriorates 145 bpm Individual Optimum Survival and Performance Level 115 bpm Homeostasis/All Is Good 60 bpm

  15. 115 BPM 145 BPM 175 BPM White Black High Gray Yellow Red Performance Low Low Heart Rate High Copyright 2002 Dave Grossman

  16. . . . So the Question Is: * Are the Warriors ready for the spontaneous event? • Because: • * as oxygen levels decline - cognitive and physical abilities diminish: fear & confusion sets in • In Fact: • While it is suspected that Medics medication errors are significantly increased, Police Officers and Fire Fighters are 4 times more likely to die from a heart attack,

  17. It is our performance that grants us the respect of courage, not the lack of fear Dr. Paul Whitesell, 1989

  18. PEAK PERFORMANCE Exercise Intensity (% of max. power output)

  19. PEAK PERFORMANCE Means: You are at your max for 0 to 5 seconds You Lose ~70 % of your best effort at 90 seconds (30% left) How much of what we do is done in 90 seconds?

  20. Strategy is the science of making use of space and time. I am more jealous of the latter than the former. We can always recover lost ground but never lost time. Field Marshall Gneisenau 1761

  21. Solutions and Abatements Confidence in the Results Breathing – Sniper Breathing Exercise – Conditioning - Sleep Education to Increase Confidence – Mental Preparation Simulation – Visualization – Experience – OODA Looping

  22. Solutions and Abatements Confidence in the Results or Outcome

  23. Solutions and Abatements Survival Mind Set In many cases, when a Warrior is injured or killed, they would are/be surprised. The Warrior attains the ability to concentrate in the presence of death and act reflexively without hesitation.

  24. Solutions and Abatements Breathing Exercise Education Simulation 4 Count Sniper Breathing Hold 4 seconds Inhale 4 seconds Exhale 4 seconds Hold 4 seconds At least 2 sets

  25. Solutions and Abatements Breathing Exercise (conditioning) Education Simulation Aerobic – Cardio . Anaerobic Resistance/Strength . Sleep

  26. Solutions and Abatements Breathing Exercise Education Simulation Research indicates when firefighters/paramedics/officers were educated to recognize and predict the effects of stress, how traumatic events can effect personnel, and management of traumatic stress through stress reduction techniques, individuals were more likely to enjoy a higher level of physical and psychology wellness. Which also translates into less absenteeism and higher morale. Mark C. ShantzEastern Michigan University Ypsilanti Mi. School of Fire Staff and Command Fourth Class An applied research project submitted to the Department of Interdisciplinary Technology as part of the School of Fire Staff and Command Program. William Dangler August, 2002

  27. Solutions and Abatements Breathing Exercise Education Simulation Practice does not make perfect, perfect practice makes perfect. It's the quality of your practices that is ultimately responsible for how much your warriors get from practice tune and how well they handle highly pressured situations. Dr. Alan Goldberg Rehearsal – Imagery

  28. Summary Solutions and Abatements Confidence Breathing Exercise Education Simulation

  29. OODA-LOOP • The OODA Loop (for observe, orient, decide, and act) is a concept originally applied to the combat operations processoften at the strategic level in both the military operations. • It is now also often applied to understand commercial operations and learning processes. • The concept was developed by military strategist and USAF Colonel John Boyd

  30. Observe-Orient-Decide-Act • In order to win, we should operate at a faster tempo or rhythm than our adversaries--or, better yet, get inside [the] adversary's Observation-Orientation-Decision-Action time cycle or loop. ... Such activity will make us appear ambiguous (unpredictable) thereby generate confusion and disorder among our adversaries--since our adversaries will be unable to generate mental images or pictures that agree with the menacing as well as faster transient rhythm or patterns they are competing against.

  31. OODA Loop OBSERVE: You see the threat or possible threat appear.ORIENT: You recognize the threat and process possible courses of action.DECIDE: You select the best course of action.ACT: You execute the selected course of action

  32. “An army of tigers led by a sheep, will always be beaten by an army of sheep, led by a tiger.” Be A Leader

  33. “Men are not afraid of death, they are afraid of dying.” Lord Moran, 1967

  34. This recording has vulgar language throughout. If you are offended you may leave at this time. Can you hear the SNS at work in this actual recording of a police shoot out?

  35. 'Get over it' or 'Deal with it' has been replaced with training on how to get over it or how to deal with it.”

  36. Resources • The art, practice and science of Feldenkrais®Director: Robert J. Burgess BEd, PT, PhD, Feldenkrais Practitioner • Sharpening The Warriors Edge, The Psychology and Science of Training – Bruce Siddel • Wikipedia • Rescue Human Factors – Bruce Siddle, David Grossman, Sean McKay • the applied science, and study of the interface between human psychological and physiological reactions under stress and the critical performance parameters of casualty management. • On Killing and On Combat – LtCol. David Grossman

  37. Summary: the question remains * Are the Warriors now better prepared for the spontaneous event that will eventually happen? • Because: • You now are aware that the key to being prepared focuses on: • CONFIDENCE • Breathing • Exercise - Conditioning • Education • Simulation • Thank you for your attention

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