Crime and Violence: Forces for Good or Evil? Political Activism: Changes, Challenges and Campaigning
Groups not gangs • Stephen Jones (2000) in ‘Understanding violent crime’, chapter 5
Collective Behaviour Rumour • Topical importance • Uncertainty • Personal anxiety • Credulity
Sarah Payne Families flee after anti-paedophile mob violence The Guardian Wednesday August 9, 2000 BBC http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/872436.stm
Social Movements • Dissatisfaction • Legitimacy • Organisation • Action
Outsiders and insiders • animal rights movement • penal reform movement
Methods • Access the media • Directly appeal to the public • Demonstrate • Take direct action
Vested interests intersect with political imperatives to conceive the need for a campaign. • The design attracts the public’s attention and provokes a response within the target audience. • The message determines the transmission of information. • Public or political opinion is influenced or behaviour is modified.