LIR 30: Week 3 Thesis Questions, Citing & Using Sources
Class Announcements • Change in lecture notes • Lab rules re: food • Class quiz/question deadline!
Research Topics Topic selection: • Specific topic = ease of research • More focused • Eliminate off-topic sources • Fewer sources to review • Even topics selected by instructors can be “tweaked” for easier research
Good Research Topics • Two (or more) elements • Thesis = Topic + Specific Assertion
Good Research Topics Thesis = Topic + Specific Assertion Clash + influence on music Google + privacy & China policy Steroids + Congressional hearings Struggling readers + effect of reading dog program Creeks + urban restoration
Good Research Topics • Reggae • Too broad • Reggae influence on “Police and Thieves” • Too narrow • Influence of reggae music on the Clash • Just right!
Is a thesis statement or research question required? Ask your instructor! (Can be helpful even if not required.)
Thesis statement: One or two sentence statement articulating purpose Defines, topic and may indicate point of view Research Question: All of the above, plus… Articulates research topic in question form Creating Thesis and Topic Statements or Research Questions
Strong thesis/topic questions • Justifies discussion • One idea, direction for research • Specific • Roadmap for research and writing
Needs Improvement “Hansel and Gretel” by the Brothers Grimm is one of the greatest classic fairy tales. New and Improved! The Brothers Grimm sought to improve health education for their public through fairy tales. “Hansel and Gretel” reflects their growing concern over the high-carbohydrate diets common in late 19th century Germany. Strong thesis statements?
Needs Improvement Does “Hansel and Gretel” reflect the health concerns of the Brothers Grimm? New and Improved! Given the Brothers Grimm commitment to health education through fairy tales, how does “Hansel and Gretel” demonstrate their concern with the high carbohydrate diet of Germans in the late 19th century? Strong research questions?
If your Thesis Question Can be answered by a simple “yes or “no”… Keep working!
An effective thesis statement or research question… creates keywords for searching
Be sure to read Reader material for next week(Plus excellent site for more information) http://owl.english.purdue.edu/workshops/hypertext/ResearchW/thesis.html
Citation styles: what the heck? • MLA vs. APA • MLA: humanities, arts • APA: sciences, social sciences • http://www.santarosa.edu/library/guides/apa.pdf • http://www.santarosa.edu/library/guides/apa-databases.pdf
MLA Format Handouts online versions General sources: http://www.santarosa.edu/library/guides/mla.pdf Electronic sources http://www.santarosa.edu/library/guides/mla-databases.pdf
Citing Sources Correctly!
What is a source? • Any book, periodical, website, interview, lecture, film, show, etc. etc. you gather information from • If not from your own head (common knowledge), cite it!
Cite (citation) “To make reference to” Bibliographic record of your source Site Place where something is located Cite vs. Site c. Mad Magazine
Keeping track of sources: notecards • Author(s) • Title of article (periodicals) • Title of book, periodical or website • Date of publication • Place of publication (books) • URL (websites)
Citation Elements: Basic Bibliographic Information (refer to this chart in Reader while we continue)
Author’s Name Person/persons responsible for source Last name first (except for additional authors) No author? Leave blank More than 3? Use et al.(not on notes) Don’t include credentials (not on notes)
Nope: Filkins, Jean, M.S.L.I.S. Filkins, Jean and Kitty, Hello. Yep: Filkins, Jean. Filkins, Jean and Hello Kitty. Author Examples
“Article Title” (in quotes) • Name of: • Encyclopedia article • Essay • Book chapter, section • Newspaper, magazine article • Web page, part of a web site • If using the whole book or website or alphabetical entry, article title is unnecessary
Nope: "This Is Where I Belong"-Identity, Social Class, and the Nostalgic Englishness of Ray Davies and the Kinks Yep: "This Is Where I Belong: Identity, Social Class, and the Nostalgic Englishness of Ray Davies and the Kinks.” Article Title Examples
Title of Resource (underlined) • Title of: • Book, Anthology, Encyclopedia • Journal • Newspaper • Website • Edition (if needed) • Number of volumes (if needed)
Nope: “The Journal of Popular Culture” Yep: Journal of Popular Culture Title of Resource Examples
Publication Information • Place of Publication (books) • City, sometimes state • “Major” cities don’t need state added • If adding state, use postal code • Publisher’s name (simply!)
Nope: Hello Kitty Publishers, Inc. Santa Rosa. Yep: Santa Rosa, CA: Hello Kitty. Publisher Examples
Book Year If many, use most recent Magazine Date: day month year Journal Volume.Issue (year) Newspaper Include edition Website Last date updated Online source Date accessed Date of Publication
The book’s cover? Nope!
Where do you find this stuff? Book title page: Author Publisher Place of publication Title page verso (back of title page) Date of publication
The title page! Title of the book Subtitle of the book Authors of the book Publisher of the book Place of publication
The verso (back of the title page)… Date of publication CIP data, ignore!
For Periodicals Publication Information Title Authors
For Online Periodicals Publication Information Authors Title
Works Cited Format Notes • Alphabetize by first item • Usually Author’s last name • Double space • Hanging Indent • Indent 5 spaces after first line • Can be set on ruler in Word
Works Cited Format Notes • Item not available? Leave blank • Sentence punctuation • Period after each section! • Dates = day Month, year • Remove hyperlinks! (See example)
When you understand the pattern… It’s not such a mystery!
The pattern: • Author • Title • Publication information
Basic Book Citation Model (see Reader) Author’s name (Last name, First name). “Article Title (if needed).” Book Title. Ed. Editor’s name (first name first, if needed). Place of publication: Publisher, Date. first-last (page numbers, if needed).
Reference Resource Model (See Reader) Author (last name first). “Article Title.” Encyclopedia or Resource Title, Ed. First name, last name if needed. Place of publication: Publisher, date. First-last (page numbers not needed if alphabetical).
Using the Information You’ve Found Notecards, Ethics, Techniques
Notes on notetaking • Read Hunter college section in Reader • At the very least, for bibliographic info • Consider “notebook style” On to ethics…
What is Plagiarism? • Using someone else's ideas without credit • Phrasing, representing someone else’s ideas as your own Either on purpose or through carelessness
Avoid Plagiarism: • Own thoughts and ideas, wording • If paraphrasing sources, always acknowledge • Credit source of quotes, distinctive information, adapted material