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MY KIDS, YOUR KIDS, OUR KIDS

MY KIDS, YOUR KIDS, OUR KIDS

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MY KIDS, YOUR KIDS, OUR KIDS

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  1. MY KIDS, YOUR KIDS, OUR KIDS Rebecca Ware, Director Environment/Energy Fort Sill Apache Tribe Rt. 2 Box 121 Apache, Ok. 73006fsaenv@yahoo.com

  2. WHO? • Fort Sill Apache Tribe • Chiricahua – Warm Springs Apache One of seven Apachean Tribes related to each other in much the same way as European Nations are related to one another. • Last Tribe held as Prisoners of War by the United States government • April 1913, 186 people were released and went to join the Mescalero Apaches and 86 remained in Oklahoma.

  3. WHO? • Allotments were bought by the government using money from the very successful cattle and hay business the FSA had developed to buy land from deceased Comanche, Kiowa, and Kiowa-Apache’s. • Considered to be dangerous people – no land purchases were within 5 miles of each other. • Generations of people were born in captivity. • The last FSA person from this era died last year.

  4. WHERE? • Southwest Oklahoma • Caddo County • 2 miles north of Apache, Oklahoma

  5. Tribal Air Quality Background • EPA – General Assistance to Tribes Program (GAP) • EPA – AIR CAA § 103 Emissions Inventory Health Effects Impacts to Tribal members & Community

  6. Lessons Learned • Health Effects/Impacts Respiratory Distress/ Disease Asthma Bronchitis (acute or chronic) Emphysema Pneumonia National Health Interview Survey estimates (1986-1990) indicate Indian Men have a 4.45 prevalence for asthma, women 6.02 while Caucasian prevalence is 4.26 and 4.30 percent. Childhood asthma increased 3 fold since 1990

  7. Lessons Learned • Cardiovascular Effects Increased sickness and premature death Coronary artery disease Abnormal heart rhythms Congestive heart failure • Diabetes Elevated glucose levels

  8. Tools for Reducing the Impact • US EPA Region 6 & 7 Blue Skyways Clean School Bus RFP • Lessons learned • Timing • Eligible applicants • Subgrants • Fleet information • National Mobile Inventory Model • Costs

  9. Partnerships • Environmental Department • Management Team • Tribal Business Committee • School Districts • Oklahoma Dept of Environmental Quality • University of Oklahoma Health Sciences • Indian Health Services (I.H.S.)

  10. Submission and award • Paperwork submitted • Clarification • Submit formal • Award document

  11. Intent • Schools unable to purchase new buses or upgrade due to lack of funding. • This allows FSA to assist with funding to improve or reduce impact of pollutants to “OUR KIDS”

  12. How? • Diesel Emission Reduction Retrofit Particulate filters Oxidation catalysts Closed crankcase systems Electronic control modules Engine upgrade Cleaner fuels Replacement Bus – 1977 and 1992 up to 45% Engine – up to 50%

  13. Measurements • Extrapolation • Financial burden • Tracking of absences from school • Tracking of Emergency Room Visits

  14. End of the Story • Idling Reduction • Education • Responsible action • Rebecca Ware • 580-588-2298 • fsaenv@yahoo.com