450 likes | 563 Vues
What are we trying to do when we are writing descriptively?. What do words do?. Noun. A person, place, thing, or idea. Nouns The Theater Mr. K Huge Grass. Pronoun. A pronoun takes the place of a noun or another pronoun. Pronouns. Writing It She They. Adjective.
E N D
Noun • A person, place, thing, or idea
Nouns • The Theater • Mr. K • Huge • Grass
Pronoun • A pronoun takes the place of a noun or another pronoun.
Pronouns • Writing • It • She • They
Adjective • A word that Describes a noun
Adjectives • Bright • Teacher • Soft • quick
Verb • A word used to indicate action or a state of being. • 3 types of verbs: • Action Verbs • Linking Verbs • Helping Verbs
Verbs • Scream • Laugh • Loudly • sit
Adverb • A word that describes a verb.
Adverbs • spoke • Slowly • Awkwardly • sadly
Verbs!! • Powerful verbs!
Lightning fired his fiercest bolt straight at Shrek’s head. Shrek just gobbled it, belched some smoke, and grinned.
John Henry sang and he hammered and the air danced. The rainbow shimmered and Earth shook and rolled from the blows of the hammer.
He went to the store. • Went is booooring! Pick a better verb! • Skipped • Hauled • Tip-toed • Galloped • Bolted • crawled
The mean teacher yelled, “What do you think your doing?” • Yelled is a boring verb. • How about: • Roared • Scolded • Growled • Spit
The whole class laughed at me. • Try to find the right word, always! • Did they laugh, or: • Giggle • Crack up • Squeal • Roar • Thunder • Chuckle
What is the difference between action, linking, and helping verbs? • Action Verbs: Express action; something that a person, animal, thing can do. • Run • Laugh • Jump • Play • Think • Sleep
Linking Verbs • Do not show action. • Connects the subject of the verb to additional information about the subject • Ex. Mr. K is a history buff. • Am, are, is, was, were, be, being, been, become, and seem.
Helping Verbs • Always appear with an action verb in a sentence. • Ex. I had hoped to get an A in this class. • May, might, must • Do, does, did • Should, could, would • Will, can, shall • Have, had, has • Am, are, is, was, were, be, being, been.
Interjection • A word added to a sentence to convey emotion. • Examples: • Ouch, that hurt! • Oh no, I forgot that the exam was today. • Hey! Put that down!
Conjunction • Links words, phrases, and clauses • Example: • I ate the pizza and the pasta. • Call the movers when you are ready.
Preposition • A preposition links nouns, pronouns, and phrases to other words in a sentence. • Example: • The book is on the table. • The book is beneath the table. • The book is leaning against the table. • The book is beside the table. • She read the book during class.
Every Sentence Must have a… • Subject and a Predicate (Main verb)
Subject • Who or what the sentence is about. • Complete Subject: all words that tell who or what the sentence is about • Simple Subject: Main word in complete subject.
Find the complete subject and the simple subject: • The study of space travel has brought us many new inventions. • Complete subject: The study of space travel • Simple subject: study
Predicate • Tells about the subject. • Complete predicate: all the words that state the action or condition of the subject. • Simple predicate: main Verb of the sentence
Find the complete and simple predicate in the following sentence: • The study of space travel has brought us many new inventions. • Complete predicate: has brought us many new inventions. • Simple predicate: has brought.
DirectObject • Tells who or what receives the action of the verb.
Find the direct object in the following sentence: • The study of space travel has brought us many new inventions. • Direct Object: Inventions
Indirect object • tells to whom or for whom an action is done. • (to have an I.o., sentence must have a d.o.)
Find the Indirect object in the following sentence: • The study of space travel has brought us many new inventions. • Indirect Object: Us
Clause • A group of words containing a subject and a predicate
Independent Clause • A clause that expresses a complete thought • Can stand alone as a sentence. • Ex. The weather is nice in spring.
Dependent Clause • A clause that does not express a complete thought. (fragment) • Has a subject and verb but relies on other words being added • Ex. Before the trial ended. • Ex. When I get home. • Ex. Because we couldn’t find the theater.
Subordinating Conjunctions(signal dependent clauses) • After • Although • As • Because • Before • If • Since • Though • Unless • Until • When • Whenever • Where • Wherever
Coordinating Conjunctions • And • But • So • Or • For • Yet • Nor
Compound Sentence • A sentence containing at least two independent clauses • Usually connected by the conjunctions: and, but, so, or, for, yet • Ex. I like to dance, but Jim likes to sing.
Complex Sentence • A sentence containing an independent and a dependent clause. • Ex. When the fire alarm wailed, everyone left the building. • Ex. We went for a walk because the sun came out.
Simple Sentences • A sentence containing only one clause • What kind of clause do you think it needs to be? • INDEPENDENT!!! • Now you’re getting it
What kind of sentence? • The book was heavy, but I could lift it easily. • Everyone was feeling tired from the long night. • Everyone left the building when the drill started. • I studied all night because I knew the test would be hard. • The class came in and sat down quietly. • When the coach called my name, I got off the bench, and I went into the game. • I was very nervous, yet I didn’t let anyone know.
Gerund • The -ing form of a verb when it is functioning as a noun. • Ex. Writing is easy. • Gerund = writing
Prepositional Phrase • A phrase consisting of a preposition, its object, and any other modifiers • Ex. I slept under the bridge. • Prepositional phrase = under the bridge. • HW - List of prepositions.