English Pronunciation 实 用 英 语 语 音 Book 1 Yang Limin Designer :Yuanlee Designer :Yuanlee
Nasal Consonants Contents 1. Introduction 2. /m/ /n/ // 3. Exercises 4. Exit Exit
What are nasal consonants? Nasals involve blocking the mouth completely, holding the blockage (instead of releasing it as in a stop consonant), and letting the air come out of your nose. All nasals are voiced. You can hold and hum them. The bilabial nasal is the initial consonant of might. The alveolar nasal is the initial consonant of night. The velar nasal is never initial in English. It is the final consonant of sing.
// // • /m/ The /m/ sound is made by tightly closing the mouth. The teeth, gently biting down on the lips, are not shown. The tongue is in the middle of the mouth.
// • moon home medicine mountain
/m/ • 1. Some students leave out the phoneme /m/ when they occur finally. Listen and repeat each word pair. tie/tai/ time/taim/ tea/ti:/ team/ti:m/ see/si:/ seem/si:m/ cry/krai/ crime /kraim/ say /sei/ ame /seim/ blue/blu:/ bloom/blu:m/
/m/ • 2.Listen and repeat. Pay special attention to the phoneme /m/ in the following sentences. (1) The man who makes no mistakes does not usually make anything. (2) Mountain climbing has become more and more welcome among the masses. (3) What an amazing memory Mr. Martin must have. (4) Merchants in America believe that money makes the mare go.
/n/ // • /n/ The /n/ sound is made by opening the mouth medium wide. The teeth are slightly apart, with more of the bottom than the top front teeth shown. The tip of the tongue touches the top of the mouth.
// • neck tin night noise
// • 1. Read the following words. neck not name next night north new nurse noun seen on can mean soon tune learn pain lesson meaning envelope any under went handle even
/n/ /l/ /n/ /m/ • /n/ /l/ /n/ /m/ • no low an am • not lot came cane • knock lock gun gum • night light night might • snow slow nail mail • number lumber noon moon
// // • // The mouth is blocked by the back of the tongue pressed against the soft palate(软腭).
// • ink ring sing monkey
/n/ // • /n/ // • sin sing • son song • ban bang • thin thing
// • 2. Listen and repeat after the tape. First slowly, then quickly. singer singing youngish hang up long ago bring it wrong again among others
// 3. Listen and repeat. Pay special attention to the phoneme //. (1) The golden rule of life is "making a beginning". (2) Mr. Finger will linger longer because his hunger is stronger. (3) My uncle sang a spring song in the jungle. (4) Cam brings on gray hair and age without years. (5) "I can think of six thin things, Six thin things, can you?" "Yes, I can think of six thin things, And of six thick things, too." (6) As I was going along, along, along, I sang a comical song, song, song. The lane that I went so long, long, long, And the song that I sang was as long, long, long, And so I went along singing the song, song, song
Lateral Consonants, Semi-Vowel Contents 1. Introduction 2. // / ł/ /j/ /w/ 3. Exercises 4. Exit Exit
What are laterals? Flapping the tongue toward the front and top of the mouth, while letting air go around its sides, gives the initial consonant ofleer. Rounding the lips and then opening them sideways gives the initialconsonant ofrest. /l/ and/r/are sometimes called "laterals" because of the sideways motion involved in producing them.
/l/ vs./ł/ • /l/ "Clear-l", made with the tongue in the classical fronted position: gives the initial consonant of leer. • /ł/ “Dark-l”, the tongue tip and blade in the post alveolar position: call.
/l/ vs. /n/ • 1.In the following pairs of words, there is either a /l/ or /n/ in it. Read them by yourselves and then repeat the pairs of words after the teacher. lip/lp/ nip/np/ lease/li:s/ niece/ni:s/ lap/lp/ nap/np/ low/l/ know/ n/ polite/p lt/per night/p: nt/ Kelly/ kel/ Kenny/ ken/ • 2.There is short paragraph as follows. Pay special attention to the difference between /l/ and /r/.
/l/ vs. /n/ Little Red Locksley runs very rapidly. Once he had a race with Long, Wright and Lace. Red ran like a train. Through it began to rain, it didn’t take him long to pass Wright and Long. But it was little Lazy Lace who got first place in the race.
What are Semi-Vowels? When we make semivowels, we only partially obstruct the flow of air. Each semivowel is unique; all are voiced. Rounding the lips and then opening them straight up and down gives the initial consonant of weir. Flattening and extending the lips and cheeks--almost as if smiling--gives the initial consonant of year.
/w/ /w/ • /w/ The /w/ sound is made by briefly puckering the lips to form a small circle, then letting the mouth open a bit. The teeth are slightly apart, but not shown. The tongue is in the middle of the mouth.
/w/ 1. Now practise the phoneme in words. want/wnt/ wheel/wi:l, hwi:l/ twin/twn/ water/ w:t/ Quarter/ kw:t/ twinkle/ twkl/ sword 2. Some Chinese EFL often give /v/ for /w/. Read by yourselves and then repeat after the teacher. wet /wet/ vet/vet/ verse/v:s/ worse/w:s/ vile/vl/ while/wl, hwl/
/j/ /j/ • /j/ The /j/ sound is made by opening the mouth medium wide. The teeth re slightly apart, with some of the top and bottom front front teeth shown. The sides of the tongue touch the top back teeth.
Exercise • 1.Now practise the phoneme in words and phrases. New York/n:j:k/ yard/j:d/ jawn/j:n/million/ mljn/ • 2. Now listen and repeat. Pay special attention to the phoneme/j/ . A. Excuse me. You look familiar. Did youuse to live in NewYork? B. Huge Young used to play the piano with a jazz group in the university. C. They are discussing about the future uses for computers. D. The fields beyond are yellow with corn.
Thank you for listening to the phonemes. .