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U.S. Foreign Policy Since WWII PowerPoint Presentation
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U.S. Foreign Policy Since WWII

U.S. Foreign Policy Since WWII

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U.S. Foreign Policy Since WWII

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Presentation Transcript

  1. U.S. Foreign Policy Since WWII

  2. The Cold War1945-1991 A state of war that does not involve bloodshed.

  3. United Nations

  4. United Nations Security Council • United States • Great Britain • France • USSR • China • Problems ? ? ? ?

  5. Soviet’s Solution Powerful nations control areas of strategic interest to them – power – slice up the pie

  6. Yalta Conference - 1945

  7. Topics at Yalta Conference • Forming the U.N. • Postwar control of Poland • German war reparations • Postwar Germany

  8. Caption: The Meeting Will Now Come To Order What do you think the message is?

  9. Former Soviet Union and Satellites Satellite Nation – a nation controlled by the USSR

  10. The Iron Curtain Churchill’s analogy of the split between communist and non-communist nations.

  11. “Trouble” in China • Clash between two leaders • Chiang Kai-shek (supported by U.S.) • Mao Zedong (Communist – supported by Soviet Union **** and the people of China)

  12. Chiang Kai-shek

  13. Mao Zedong

  14. Domino Theory If one nation falls – another will follow

  15. Harry Truman Did not like Stalin Did not trust Stalin Hated Communism CONTAINMENT!!

  16. Harry S. Truman #33 (D) “S” is his full middle name! He was notorious for his explosive temper and “salty” language Was religious, walked 2 miles a day, liked to play poker, played piano Wife – Bess (she hated Washington DC), daughter Margaret Philosophy – If you can’t take the heat, get out of the kitchen The buck stops here

  17. Policy of Containment Stop the spread of Communism

  18. Truman Doctrine “It must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures.”

  19. Truman Doctrine What does it really mean? The U.S. will do whatever is necessary to help another nation fight against Communist takeover.

  20. The Marshall Plan A plan to rebuild Europe after WWII • Humanitarian aid • Money – build up • Trade

  21. George Marshall WWIIGeneral – Sec of Defense and Sec of State Nobel Peace Prize Winner!!!

  22. Hamburg 1950 Hamburg 1945

  23. National Security Act • Dept. of Defense • National Security Council • Central Intelligence Agency

  24. Germany • France, England, US – merge occupied zones – • Federal Republic of Germany (New West Germany) • Stalin angry – blockade around Berlin – no goods in or out • Truman responds – massive airlift – 24/7 – almost 11 months for 2 million W.Berliners

  25. Berlin Airlift

  26. Young German girl presenting flowers to an airlift pilot on behalf of West Berlin citizens, 13 August 1948

  27. Blockade Ends Airlift Wins

  28. NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization1949

  29. 12 nations to start - more will join as time goes by

  30. Warsaw Pact Military alliance of E. European Soviet Bloc countries intended to organize against perceived threat from NATO

  31. 1949 • 10/1/49 China becomes Communist • USSR has “The Bomb” • Chiang is out – Mao is in • U.S. quadruples its defense budget - - - - - - • Trouble on the horizon

  32. Sino-Soviet Pact

  33. Korean Conflict1950-1953

  34. General Douglas MacArthur