Castles Ch. 7 Sec. 2
Feudalism Definition: A loosely organized system of rule in which powerful local lords divided their landholdings among lesser lords. In exchange, lesser lords, or vassals, pledged service and loyalty to the greater lord.
The 1st Castles • Built of wood about 900 yrs. Ago • Called Motteor Bailey castles
Purpose of castles • Protection • To defend towns or river crossings
Stone Castles • The problem with wooden castles was that they could easily be set on fire • Stone more expensive
Walls • Curtain walls • Inner wall higher than outer wall • To prevent shooting fellow archers in back when standing on top of walls Outer Bailey Inner Curtain Wall Inner Bailey Outer Curtain Wall Barbican
The Barbican Portcullis Drawbridge
Life in a castle Lord’s Chamber Chapel Great Hall
A Tournament • Tournaments were held on holidays, or when the lord had visitors for entertainment.
Attacking a Castle • Weakest point=The main gate • Battering Ram • Climb walls • Arrows • Crossbow bolts
Attacking a Castle continued • Ballista • Trebuchet
The Fall of Castles • The age of castles lasted about 500 years • Downfall due to the invention of the cannon