The Spanish Education System(according to L.O.E.) the last Spanish Educational Law, 2006 Study Visit Vocational orientation, Augsburg 19-23rd October 2009
18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 University UniversityEntranceExam Superior Grade Vocational Professional Training Initial Vocational Training (+16, -21) Baccalaureate Middle Grade Vocational Professional Training CompulsorySecondary Education Compulsory education PrimaryEducation PreschoolEducation
PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION: 1st cycle: 0-3 years 2nd cycle: 3-6 years (free) COMPULSORY EDUCATION: (free) Primary Education (free) Secondary Education (free) POSTCOMPULSORY EDUCATION: (free) Baccalaureate (free) Vocational training (free) University (fees depending on the degree)
COMPULSORY EDUCATION (free) • PRIMARY EDUCATION: • 1st cycle: 6-8 years • 2nd cycle: 8-10 years • 3rd cycle: 10-12 years • COMPULSORY SECONDARY EDUCATION: COMPULSORY SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE • 1st cycle (12-14 years) OCCASIONAL CURRICULA ADAPTATIONS. • 2nd cycle (14-16 years): CURRICULAR DIVERSIFICATION PROGRAMME: For those students who are in the 2nd cycle and can´t get the educational objectives because of different reasons but they have a good learning attitude and try hard. Students can do the whole 2nd cycle within this programme, and some other students will join it in the last year of the cycle, depending on each individual case. They share common subjects with other students who have a common curricula but they go to another class just for them in Linguistics and Communication, Mathematics and World knowledge.
COMPULSORY EDUCATION (Continuation) INICIAL VOCATIONAL TRAINING Those students who didn´t manage to obtain their Compulsory Secondary Education Certificate and they are over 16 and under 21 can join a programme that mixes basic skills in mathematics, reading and writing, general knowledge and vocational training. This programme is under revision and it is about to disappear as another programme called INITIAL VOCATIONAL TRAINING is starting. At the end they will be able to get the CERTIFICATE.
Some Notes on Compulsory Education • Important: attendance is compulsory till 16. • If you have to take a course again, you can only do it once per cycle. If you have already done so, you will be automaticallypromoted to the next educational level. • In Secondary school you have to take the year again if you fail more than two subjects but if you fail Spanish language and literature and Mathematics you cannot pass to the next academic level. • Textbooks are free in primary school and secondary school in our region: the school buys them with the money the government gives for it. Students cannot write on them, so students have to buy the workbooks. • Financial issues: schools receive different amounts of money depending on: number of students but especially depending on the different projects the school is enrolled in: if it is an ICT school, if it has a Vocational Training Cycle, etc. • Bilingual Program.
POST COMPULSORY EDUCATION When you are 16 and you get your Certificate, you have two options depending on what you want to do in the future: For those that aim at going to university, there is the BACCALAUREATE (Arts, Science and Technology or Social Sciences and Humanities)(2 years). When they get their Baccalaureate Certificate and they wnat to go to University: They have to take a UNIVERSITY ENTRANCE EXAM. * It is the same exam for the whole region. * They are tested on the compulsory subjects of their Baccalaureate (English, Spanish language, History or Philosophy, and the subjects of their field of specialization). * GRADE: 60% marks from the Baccalaureate + 40% marks from the exam.
POST COMPULSORY EDUCATION (continuation) They can go to a MIDDLE GRADE TRAINING CYCLE for (2 years). They get a certificate as a Technician, and then: they go to work. or they continue their studies in a SUPERIOR GRADE TRAINING CYCLE (2 years). (students who finish their baccalaureate can do this as well) When students have a SUPERIOR GRADE TRAINING CYCLE, they can have access to University without having to take the UNIVERSITY ENTRANCE EXAM. UNIVERSITY GRADO (4 YEARS) + MASTER (1 OR 2 YEARS)
ADULT EDUCATION • For those over 18 it is possible to follow their school education. • Adult Education is regulated by law: objectives, contents, etc. • 2 modalities: 1) Normal course 2) Distance learning • And at the end you get the COMPULSORY SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE
ADULT EDUCATION • There are PERMANENT EDUCATION CENTRES in many towns in Spain providing basic training for adults, concentrating basically on reading and writing skills, ICT, general knowledge, basic English, etc. There are people who manage to get their Compulsory Secondary Education Diploma at 60 or even later, which is lowest academic level you can have in our system the. • Councils also organise and offer courses for unemployed people who are interested in learning any of the contents above for a future job, or for the sake of learning.
Any questions? Hope to see you in Spain!!!