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Cremation

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  1. Cremation MSU Extension MontGuide 200201 HR Updated February 2013

  2. Focus • Personal Concerns • Montana & Federal Regulations • Costs

  3. Marsha A. GoettingProfessor & Extension Family Economics SpecialistCorinne Cramer Former Extension Family & Consumer Sciences Associate Claire DelGuerraFormer Cascade County Extension Agent

  4. Historical Info • First Crematory • 1876 • Pennsylvania

  5. Cremation Acceptance • Montana—2009 • 65% rate • 5,664 cremations out of 8,739 deaths

  6. States

  7. National Rate • Year 2009 • 38%

  8. Why Choose Cremation • National Survey • Cremation Association of North America

  9. Why Choose Cremation?? • Save Money 30% • Save Land 13% • Simpler &More Convenient 8% • Personal Preference 6% • Body not in Earth 6% Cremation Association of North America

  10. Why?? • Concerns for environment • Cold-weather constraints • Ease of transportation to distant burial sites

  11. Who Regulates? • Montana Board of Funeral Service • Montana Department of Labor & Industry

  12. Montana Board of Funeral Service • Administrative Rules • Standards • Licenses

  13. Federal Level • Federal Trade Commission (FTC) • Trade Regulation Rules • Itemized Price Info

  14. Who can authorize the removal of my body to a crematory?

  15. Removal of body? • Vital Statistics Bureau • DPHHS Form • “Authorization for Removal,Transportation, & Final Disposition of a Dead Body”

  16. Signature of One: • Coroner • Mortician • Physician or Designee • Certified Advanced Practice Registered Nurse

  17. Who Submits the Form? • Mortician • With appropriate signatures

  18. 22 Licensed Crematories • Billings, Bozeman, Butte, Great Falls, Hamilton, Helena, Kalispell, Livingston, Malta, Martinsdale, Miles City, Missoula, Polson, & Whitefish www.crematorydirectory.com

  19. What are the costs of cremation?

  20. Comparison Cost • Cremation • $1,000 - $3,000 • Average cost $1,650 • Funeral • $7,755

  21. Cremation Costs • Funeral Homes • Must provide disclosure form • Itemizing Expenses

  22. Does my body have to be embalmed? • Not required unless certain funeral arrangements selected. • Private or public viewing

  23. Casket Required? • Not in Montana • Nationwide • 90% of cremations do not have casket

  24. Montana Requirements • Enclosed, rigid, leak proof container • Fiberboard • Pressed Wood • Cardboard

  25. FTC Rules • Must disclose in writing & make available: • Alternative container • Unfinished wooden box

  26. Authorization • Crematory must have written cremation authorization form • Signed by authorization agent

  27. Authorizing Agent • Person legally entitled to determine final disposition of human remains

  28. Priority Order • Unless other directions provided by deceased • Spouse • Majority Adult Children (not all) • Parent • Close relative of deceased

  29. In Absence of Family • Personal Representative • Public Administrator • Others as Designated by Montana Board of Funeral Service

  30. List Request • Prepaid funeral contract • Written disposition direction • Signed affidavit • Videotaped disposition

  31. Further Information • What Are Your Rights Over Your Remains • Search by title • www.montana.edu

  32. What is done with the body before cremation?

  33. Personal Possession • Remove • Jewelry • Mementos

  34. Pacemakers • Remove • Could damage • Authorizing agent held responsible

  35. Cremated with body • Prostheses • Mechanical • Devices • Implants

  36. Wait 24 hours • Signed Death Certificate • Crematory Authorization

  37. My ashes or others? • Identifying metal disc attached to each receptacle containing a body

  38. Identifying Disc • During cremation disc secured on control panel outside the chamber

  39. My ashes or others? • Number of identifying metal disc written on outside of receptacle 12

  40. Which survivors are ashes given to? • Individual specified by authorizing agent on cremation authorization form

  41. No Authorizing Agent • After 90 days: • Crematory has the authority for disposition of remains

  42. What should family do with ashes?

  43. Businessman • Put my ashes in an envelope and mail them to IRS. Write on envelope…”

  44. Now you have everything!

  45. Urns • Hardwood • Stone or Marble • Bronze, copper, or other metals • Biodegradable

  46. Urn Burial • Columbarium niche

  47. Urn Burial • Urn Garden

  48. Keepsake Memorial • Jewelry • Pendant • Ring

  49. Keepsake Memorial • Miniature Cast • Bronze Urn

  50. What to do with ashes? • Bury • Scatter