Download
object oriented programming in java n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Object-Oriented Programming in Java PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Object-Oriented Programming in Java

Object-Oriented Programming in Java

333 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Object-Oriented Programming in Java

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Object-Oriented Programming in Java

  2. Object-Oriented Programming • Objects are the basic building blocks in an O-O program. • A program consists of one or more classes that define object type

  3. The First Program public class Driver { public static void main(String[] args) { System.out.println(“Hello world”); } }

  4. Class Name attributes/instance variables operations/methods Definition • Each class has two kinds of parts: • state - the object’s attributes or characteristics • behavior - any action that is performed by or upon the object

  5. javax.swing.JFrame - int x - int y - int width - int height - ColorbackColor «constructor» + JFrame(String) «update» + void add(java.awt.Component, int) + void remove(java.awt.Component) + void repaint( ) + void setBackground(java.awt.Color) + void setBounds(int, int, int, int) + void setLayout(java.awt.LayoutManager) + void setVisible(boolean) . . . JFrame

  6. JFrame

  7. Class Specifications JFrame Class Specifications Invariant A JFrame object … • is a rectangular window placed upon a computer display. • is positioned so that its upper left corner is x pixels from the left and y pixels from the top of the display • has a visible region that is width pixels wide, height pixels high, and with a background color of backColor. (Below is a JFrame with backColorof gray on a white display.)

  8. JFrame Class Specifications (continued) Constructor Methods public JFrame(String s) post:a new JFrame (window) object is created ands is displayed in the window’s title bar note:this method call needs to be followed by calls to setBounds and setVisible Update Methods public void add(java.awt.Component pic, int j) pre:j ==0 for best results post:image pic will be drawn upon this JFrame public void remove(java.awt.Component pic) post:image pic will be removed from this JFrame (assuming it was previously added) public void repaint() post: this JFrame is marked to be redrawn as soon as possible public void setBounds(int newX, int newY, int w, int h) pre: w >= 0 andh >= 0 post:x==newXandy==newY andwidth==wand height==h

  9. JFrame Class Specifications (continued) Update Methods public void setBackground(java.awt.Color c) post:backColor==c public void setLayout(java.awt.LayoutManager m) pre:m == null (for our purposes) post:added objects are rearranged via m public void setVisible(boolean b) post:b == true impliesthis JFrame is made visible and brought to the front

  10. JLabel - intx - inty - intwidth - intheight - ColorbackColor - Color foreColor «constructor» + JLabel(String) «update» + void repaint( ) + void setBackground(java.awt.Color) + void setForeground(java.awt.Color) + void setBounds(int, int, int, int) . . . JLabel

  11. Rectangle - int x - int y - int width - int height - ColorbackColor «constructor» + Rectangle(int, int, int, int) «update» + void add(java.awt.Component, int) + void repaint( ) + void setBackground(java.awt.Color) + void setLocation(int, int) + void setSize(int, int) . . . Rectangle class is written by Dave Riley

  12. Oval - int x - int y - int width - int height - ColorbackColor «constructor» + Oval(int, int, int, int) «update» + void add(java.awt.Component, int) + void repaint( ) + void setBackground(java.awt.Color) + void setLocation(int, int) + void setSize(int, int) . . . Oval class is written by Dave Riley

  13. import java.awt.Color; import javax.swing.JFrame; public class Driver { private JFramewin; private Rectangle grayRect; public static void main(String[] args) { new Driver(); } public Driver() { win = new JFrame("the window"); win.setBounds(10, 10, 200, 100); win.setLayout(null); win.getContentPane().setBackground( Color.lightGray ); win.setVisible(true); grayRect = new Rectangle(40, 40, 40, 50); grayRect.setBackground( Color.darkGray ); win.add(grayRect, 0); Oval whiteDot= new Oval(10, 10, 80, 80); whiteDot.setBackground( Color.white ); grayRect.add(whiteDot, 0); win.repaint(); } }